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Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Kamila Timaul

Exam 1 Study Guide DSC 4012

Kamila Timaul

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Chapters 1-5 and 12
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kamila Timaul on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to DSC 4012 at Florida Atlantic University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Terrorism in Criminal Justice at Florida Atlantic University.

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Date Created: 10/02/16
TERRORISM EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE DSC 4012 – FALL 2016 CHAPTER 1­5, 12 CHAPTER 1 • Terrorism is defined within social and political contexts and means different things in  different time periods. • Definitions of terrorism are important to guide policy. • Terrorism originated during the French Revolution. By century’s end it was used as a  label for anarchists and nationalists. • Socialism refers to controlling an economy by direct democracy and utilizing economic  profits to ensure the well­being of citizens. Anarchism is a philosophical concept  originating in ancient Greece. Communism in its ideal form is socialism where economic  production and profits are owned and distributed by workers. CHAPTER 2 • Theories of terrorism are important, but law enforcement, intelligence, and military  forces are also served by developing a practical understanding of the type of terrorism  they are facing. • Radicalization is the process of adopting violent extremist views and acting them out  with terrorist actions. Many social scientists believe this is caused by alienation.  • Three types of terrorism involve lone wolves, small groups, and large groups. Lone wolf  violence seems to be increasing and some groups encourage it.  CHAPTER 3 • Terrorist organizations are as complex as any other social organization designed to  accomplish a mission.  • They are hampered in their effectiveness due to the secret nature of their operations.  • Most organizations are designed to either support guerrilla movements or to operate as a  terrorist movement.  • The former organizations use terrorism selectively while terrorist groups simply terrorize  as a strategy.  – All groups require funding.  • This caused some analyst to focus on the fiscal aspects of terrorism, believing that  terrorists used money in the same way as other organized criminals.  • Investigations revealed that the money trail in terrorism differs from the flow of funds in  other criminal enterprises because special structure of terrorist operations.  – It is important to understand the financing of terrorism because it is an important  intelligence tool.  CHAPTER 4 • The new media environment refers to instantaneous communication through a variety of  platforms. It includes social networks, web pages, e­zines, chat rooms, blogs, and similar  forms of communication.  • The new media allow for vicarious participation in an event, opportunities for reframing  narratives, and the ability for mass communication. • An exponential expansion of the Internet has been the basis of the new media  environment. Its power is multiplied because devices are available, powerful, and costs  have been reduced. • This means that there is extensive competition for presenting a point of view and a news  frame, and it leads to charges of biases from all sides.  • This is especially true in television because terrorism is a made­for­television drama.  • Some scholars have called for limited censorship because the media is so powerful. CHAPTER 5 • The tactics of terrorism are straightforward and simple, but they are employed in  innovative ways.  • The study of terrorism is complex as a result of tactical innovation.  • Force multipliers—technology, transnational support, religion, and the media—enhance  the power of terrorist groups.  • It is important to understand the tactical impact of gender on terrorism, but research on  the roles of women has been neglected.  • Technological attacks can be made more effective by using WMD, cyber­attacks, or  economic targeting.  • Suicide bombing has become a particularly terrorizing tactic, but there is no single  explanation for either understanding or preventing it.  CHAPTER 12 • By definition, domestic terrorists must act outside of the law.  • Therefore, it is better to think about the whole realm of politically motivated criminal  extremism than to look for cases of domestic terrorism.  • Criminal extremism can be described by a typology focusing of political orientation.  • When domestic terrorism is approached in this manner, the results show extremist  activities are currently dominated by anti­government and racist movements.  • Other forms of extremism reveal differing criminal patterns.  • Homegrown extremists may make individual attacks or receive training and support from abroad.   • Single­issue extremists are motivated by one all­encompassing passion.  • Eco­terrorists tend to favor property damage. Nationalists and anti­abortion extremists  are more prone to violence. IN­CLASS QUESTIONS: Chapter 1: Carlos Miragalla, a Brazilian legislature is responsible for what…? Writing the mini manual of Terrorism Chapter 2: Where did the term “hijacking” come from? During the Prohibition Period, when liquor trucks were being robbed, robbers  would approach the drivers with a gun saying “Hi Jack”. Chapter 3: Bask of Spain. In class, we discussed an invention that the Basks lay claim to…? Beret Chapter 4:  When Al Capone’s vault was opened, what was found…? Bottle of Booze  After the story of Richard Jewel, what did one newspaper refer him to as…? Bubba the Bomber Chapter 5:  Women are not usually thought as serial killers. Name one female serial killer. Aileen Wuornos  In a suspected white powder attack, what was the ingredient in the bag…? Crushed Aspirin Chapter 12: Who were the majority of the landlords who own the New York buildings that were lit on fire? Jewish men, hit by Jewish lightning because of the arson.


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