Human Sexual Behavior Exam 2
Human Sexual Behavior Exam 2 PSY370
Popular in Human Sexual Behavior
Popular in Department
verified elite notetaker
One Day of Notes
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
One Day of Notes
verified elite notetaker
This 19 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mira Kawash on Wednesday April 1, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY370 at University of Miami taught by Franklin Foote in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 397 views.
Reviews for Human Sexual Behavior Exam 2
answers questions thoroughly
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/01/15
PSY 381Human Sexuality Second Test Studv Guide Because the test will be computer scored you must bring a number 2 pencil and eraser There are 69 four or five choice multiplechoice questions on the second test Even though some of the material was covered in both the textbook and the class m was covered only in class and some only in the textbook You will need to check and know both the material in the textbook and the notes from the class Also even though many items on the test are based only on recognition memory there are some items that require understanding or application of ideas Below is a list of topics that may be on the test Anything not on the list will not be on the test SEXUAL RESPONSE 1 Know the general nature of Masters and Johnson39s model 2 Know the Masters and Johnson39s model very well its 4 stages in order and recognize the speci c details of what occurs in each stage in men and in women Four stages in order Excitement Plateau Orgasm and Resolution 1 Excitement The basic physiological process that occurs during excitement is vasocongestion This produces the obvious arousal response in males erection Women lubrication of the vagina Although this response might seem much different from the male s actually they both result from the same physiological process vasocongestion During excitement the capillaries in the walls of the vagina dilate and blood ow through them increases During the excitement phase the glans of the clitoris the tip swells This swelling results from engorgement of its corpora cavernosa and is similar to erection in the male The clitoris can be felt as larger and harder than usual The crura of the clitoris lying deeper in the body also swell as a result of vasocongestion The vestibular bulbs which lie along the wall of the vagina are also erectile and swell during the excitement phase Breasts During excitement the nipples become erect this response results from contractions of the muscle fibers myotonia surrounding the nipple the breasts themselves swell and enlarge somewhat in the late part of the excitement phase a vasocongestion response The nipples may not actually look erect but may appear somewhat latter against the breast because the breast has swollen Many males also have nipple erection during the excitement phase During the excitement phase the upper two thirds of the vagina expands dramatically in what is often called a ballooning response In other words it becomes more like an in ated balloon This ballooning helps accommodate the entrance of the penis As part of the ballooning the cervix and uterus also pull up During excitement a sex ush may appear on the skin of both men and women though more commonly of women the sex ush resembles a measles rash it often begins on the upper abdomen and spreads over the chest It may also appear later in the sexual response cycle Pulse rate breathing rate and blood pressure also increase in both men and women In men the skin of the scrotum thickens The scrotal sac tenses and the scrotum is pulled up and closer to the body The spermatic cords shorten pulling the testes closer to the body 2 Plateau Testis are right next to the body glands red color prostate gland is larger blue balls Women uterus is elevated walls separated and lubricate vagina becomes accommodating the innermost part of the vagina expands 3 Orgasm In males orgasm consists of a series of rhythmic contractions of the pelvic organs Male orgasm occurs in two stages In the preliminary stage the vas seminal vesicles and prostate contract forcing the ejaculate into a bulb at the base of the urethra Masters and Johnson call the sensation in this stage one of ejaculatory inevitability coming In other words there is a sensation that ejaculation is just about to happen and cannot be stopped And indeed it cannot be once the man has reached this point In the second stage the urethral bulb and the penis itself contract rhythmically forcing the semen through the urethra and out the opening at the tip of the penis In males and females pulse rate blood pressure and breathing rate increase sharply during orgasm Muscles contract throughout the body Resolution The first change in women is a reduction in the swelling of the breasts In the 5 to 10 seconds after the end of the orgasm the clitoris returns to its normal position although it takes longer for it to shrink to its normal size h e orgasmic platform relaxes and begins to shrink h e ballooning of the vagina diminishes and the uterus shrinks In both males and females resolution brings a gradual return of pulse rate blood pressure and breathing rate to the unaroused levels In men the most obvious occurrence in the resolution phase is detumescence the loss of erection in the penis Detumescence happens in two stages The first occurs rapidly but leaves the penis still enlarged It s loss of erection results from an emptying of the corpora cavernosa The second stage occurs more slowly as a result of the slower emptying of the corpus spongiosum and the glans During the resolution phase men enter a refractory period during which they are refractory to further arousal In other words they are incapable of being aroused again having an erection or having an orgasm The length of this refractory period varies Women do not have a refractory period 3 What are vasocongestioin and myotonia and how do they relate to Masters and Johnson39s model Vasocongestion occurs when a great deal of blood ows into the blood vessels in a region in this case the genitals as a result of dilation of the blood vessels in the region Myotonia occurs when muscles contract not only in the genitals but also throughout the body These occur during the excitement and orgasm stage 5 What do many women typically experience when they have an orgasm The main feeling is a spreading sensation that begins around the clitoris and then spreads out ward through the whole pelvis h ere may also be sensations of falling or opening up h e woman may be able to feel the contraction of the muscles around the vaginal entrance h e sensation is more intense than just a warm glow or a pleasant tingling In one study college men and women gave written descriptions of what an orgasm felt like to them Vance amp Wagner 1976 Interestingly a panel of experts medical students obstetrician gynecologists and clinical psychologists could not reliably figure out which of the descriptions were written by women and which by men this result suggests that the sensations are quite similar for males and females 6 So what39s up with vaginal and clitoral orgasms According to the results of Masters and Johnson s research though there is no difference between clitoral and vaginal orgasms h is conclusion is based on two findings First their results indicate that all female orgasms are physiologically the same regardless of the site of stimulation An orgasm always consists of contractions of the orgasmic platform whether the stimulation is clitoral or vaginal 7 What is known about female ejaculation Ej aculate contains acid and comes out of urethra from the skenes gland Occurs only with stimulation of the Gspot but proven not true May also occur from stimulation of clitoris 8 What female organ is now usually considered to be responsible for the Gspot and to what male organ Is it considered homologous Skenes Gland for female Prostate Gland for male Considered homologous 9 What happens with women and what happens with men when they have multiple orgasms Stay at plateau level in between orgasms les then a minute apart Men refractory period Women able to have multiple orgasms one after another 10 What are the limitations and criticisms of Masters and Johnson39s model 0 Limitations Ignored psychosocial phenomenon Participants had to be orgasmic Mechanistic If you do not follow 4 phases you are not sexual 0 Criticisms Decided to study physiology only they were a physician and a biologist so that s what they knew techniques for studying psychosocialemotional responses were not well developed at the time of their studies later work demonstrated they were aware of the importance of emotional and interpersonal factors Orgasmic people only they wanted to study sexual response so they needed people who responded well sexually they believed they were studying a basic process that would work the same in all people Did not allow for variation from their mechanistic 4 phases yes they did see slide 4 11 Know the components in order of Kaplan39s model and how they compare and contrast with those of Masters and Johnson39s model Triphasic Model sexual desire Excitement vasocongestion of the genitals and myotonia Resolution release amp reversal Comparison to Masters and Johnson Model Kaplan s recreation of the sexual response model is unique thanks to the implementation of the desire phase This stage had initially gone unrecognized and ignored but Kaplan realized the necessity for this aspect of the overall stage The desire stage is basically the psychological prephysical sexual response stage It had most likely gone ignored before because most probably felt that sexual responses only occurred with physical activity This isn t the case because sexual desire is not always present during sexual activity and Kaplan understood this concept An example of this would be a partner engaging in sexual activity just to satisfy their partner although they themselves may not feel a desire to do so This phase is without question an important aspect of the Triphasic model which is the reenergized model of the basic cycle of sexual response 12 Know and understand the phases in order of Reed39s model and how they compare and contrast with those of Masters and Johnson39s model Based on Psychological and Cognitive Stages of sexual response Seduction desire and early excitement person gives permission to themselves to be thinking about sex Thinking about your partner and intimacy with the other person Sensation excitement and plateau phase Focusing on pleasurable feelings Thinking about how pleasant all these things feels More sensory sensitivity A lot of emotional closeness to the person you are with Time distortion Surrender orgasm Totally let go All we are feeling are sexually feelings Re ection corresponds to resolution Thinking about what has just happened and the feelings associated with it person gets some kind of meaning of the activity How do they compare and contrast with Masters and J ohnsons model 13 What is the basic paradigm behind Walen and Roth39s model What is its basic process Cognitive Paradigm Basic Process is information processing perception and evaluation feedback Steps Process Perception of sexual stimulus Positive evaluation choose right person right place right time Arousal Perception of arousal Leads to positive evaluation feedback Allows you to engage in sexual behavior Perception of behavior Positive evaluation again 14 What types of motivation are there for sexual interactions according to Basson39s model What is unique about Basson s model Sexual Hunger and Intimacy Only model that Directly states people have sex just for intimacy Only model that directly states that men are this way females are that way Women who are having sex for intimacy engage in sex behave and get some degree of arousal after arousal commit to the idea of having sex Females require much more sexual intimacy before reaching sexual desire 15 Understand Bancroft s distinction between excitatory and inhibitory processes Two basic processes underlie sexual response excitation amp inhibition helps to understand risky sexual behavior and sexual disorders early learning and culture critical in determining which stimuli will exciting or cause inhibition 0 Interpretation and decisions regarding sex are an integration of two separate processes People vary in their predisposition to these processes amp these propensities are independent These processes result from genetics early learning Excitatory Evolutionarily makes sense when it comes to Making babies Inhibitory Evolutionarily there are some situations in which Being sexual might be unsafe and if you engage in Sexual behavior you might get damaged or die and therefore cannot reproduce Sometimes a species might become Overpopulated and sometimes the population will Die out because there is too many of that species and they eat up all the food sources Sometimes the species will cease to have sex as often This is an inhibitory process that will be evolutionarily adapted This model provides answers to some puzzling phenomena Men tend to want to have sex more and women only in certain situations This is because women have more Inhibitory than men who have the excitatory Both men and women have both Excitatory reproduce for evolution Inhibitory less obvious but some reason do exist eating and drinking are necessary Men wanting to impregnate a women by regulating sperm count 16 Remember that Walen and Roth39s model and Basson39s model directly include feedback whereas Masters and Johnson39s and Kaplan39s do not Reed39s does so indirectly 17 What hormone contributes to sexual desire in both men and women Testosterone ATTRACTION LOVE AND INTIMATE RELATIONSHIPS 1 Know and recognize the effects of propinquity physical attractiveness arousal sex history similarity success and wealth and playing hardtoget on interpersonal attraction Should women play hard to get She should show them nonverbally unequivocally that she likes him AND that she has no desires for anybody else How does she tell him nonverbally that she likes him Touch Eye contact Use activities like dancing to show off your sexual attributes Arousal the physiology of our arousal is slightly different from one thing to another But only slightly Essentially it s the same But its easy to confuse one arousal for another Arousal exaggerates our feelings for the other In general increases the liking But if we dislike someone it will decrease that feeling more So the arousal essentially increases whichever feeling we have to start Those similar to us as a total package we are attracted to Women like security success and wealth 2 Know about pheromones and the vomeronasal organ in mammals generally and in humans Pheromones is a secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species not part of our general sense of smell Mammals have these to mark territory and announce their sexual attraction Pheromones cause mentrosychrony All mammals have a VNO But only about 85 of humans have VNO s VNO is a pheromone Female pheromones might come from vaginas 3 What is the effect of arousal on liking The more you like someone the higher you your arousal If you dislike someone arousal increases your dislike Arousal enhances the initial emotion 4 Understand the importance of similarity and complementarity in attraction Similarity in terms of background race religion etc the only thing that doesn t seem to matter is personality Complementarity If I like sports and you like music some may think they compliment each other But it does not work Opposites in personality do not work Complementarity does not work 5 Understand and distinguish exchange and communal relationships Exchange relationships like business transitions Equity theory outcomesinputs the things I bring to the relationship Put them together And if our ratios the same I m in a positive relationship If they are not I am unhappy and I will work to make them the same If my ratio is better than the other my unhappiness turns into anxiety People are happiest if two ratios are the same If one isn t matching the other they will work hard to fix it Equality theory Much simpler Same concept but looking at rewards rather than outputsinputs Communal Relationships very rare Equityequality is irrelevant When I do something I won t expect anything back EVER Many people don t have any of these But some may only have a few The most common example is a motherchild relationship Very few but some romantic relationships are communal 6 What does mutuality mean What creates intimacy Mutuality weness If someone says what are you doing this weekend And you say we are going to a club If you think and talk of yourself and your partner as a single unit And you know everything about each other Intimacy sexual emotionalshared emotions with someone we don t normally share with others Intellectual working and developing intellectually personal facts information we allow them to know about us shared experiences literal meaning ex War buddies The key to intimacy is self disclosure in any of these The more emotions you show the other personself disclosure Sex is also selfdisclosure We get intimate in a broad range or our lives If we break up often they are very nasty Usually to hurt the other person When we form relationships intimacy is reciprocated and gradual Gradual supportive reciprocation a successful relationship We get very uncomfortable if we get very intimate in one way causing us to be much more vulnerable and defensive Other ways of intimacy Touching Eye contact 7 Know Fisher39s theory of love very well Three components of love that apply to all human beings regardless of anything Lust gee I d like to mate I need to find a mate involves the hypothalamus and amygdala Attractionromantic love when talking about mammals attraction Romantic love homosapiens focuses on one person obsessive cannot stop thinking about them this person takes on special meaning Focus on the things we like about the other very intensehot feels like a fever related to infatuation but not exactly infatuations mediated by a chemical called phyenylethylamine Romantic love is increased dopamine norepinephrine and decreased serotonin serotonin keeps calm and balance other psychologists call this passionate love says this is not an emotion but only motivation the emotion is how we feel when the other person responds to us if response is positive then we feel ecstasy tough on the body and psyche this never lasts more than three years reason being because that is enough time to make a baby Attachment In psychology we call it companionate love this is tolerance for long term companionship a sense of security peace and contentment involves oxytocin cuddlingbonding some dopamine If you leave out obsession items passionate love can go well past three years Retrosplenial cortex increases with time also tells us when we ve had enough chocolate Singulate cortex also correlated with slowly deteriorating passionate love A love a mother has for her child vs mothers love for her lover Through study and brain scans it is shows that both are different and also share some similarities 9 Recognize the different styles of love What prediction does the styles of love theory make about which couples will have the best relationship Lee created Colors of Love aka styles of love Named the six styles with Greek names 1 AgapeAltruistic self sacrificing person will do anything for their lover 2 Erosromantic all consuming emotional experience with strong physical attraction People who have this tend to be high on extraversion agreeableness and conscientiousness low on introversion LudusGamePlaying not looking for love a player Just generous with his penis 4 Maniapossessive intensely jealous constant questions repeated reassurance that their lover loves them correlated to neuroticism 5 Pragmapractical Checklist for meeting people Lover should meet all checks on the list what s on their checklist varies with where they are in their life 6 Storagefriendship don t fall in love right away develop a friendship first then maybe it will turn into love tend to have relationship to develop more slowly a lot of warmth and sharing 9 The majority of people are not just one of these usually they are made of the blending of about two or three Hope to find that your partner and yourself are the same styles Order does not matter as long as you re the same twothree If there were a BEST one this would be a mixture of Eros and agape 10 Understand the components of Sternberg39s triangle of love theory and what it says is needed for a romantic relationship to be satisfying Intimacy the Emotional Component and connection we feel Passion the Motivational Component lust component intense feelings for that person DecisionCommitment cognitive component we decide things Decisions made cognitively If you have a relationship with someone you could have one with just one and the others minimal Companionate Love Intimate and Commitment without Passion When two people are in a relationship each person has their own triangle and depending on how intense those are depends on how big the triangles are Therefore Perfectly Matched Triangles size and shape result to a satisfying relationship 11 Know and understand the dimensions and types of attachments in attachment theory Four types 1 Secure People who are secure with their self esteem believe most people are good people enjoy intimacy and nurturing prefer sex as a part of intimacy passionate and positive emotions while having sex 2 FearfulAvoidant not good selfesteem believes people are untrustworthy and avoid relationships 3 Preoccupied low self esteem but think other people are good people would like to have close relationships but realize they are unworthy very vulnerable to rejection 4 Dismissive High Self esteem but notice others as not deserve a good relationship but no one is good enough for them this is generating by the most research 12 How do anxious avoidant and secure attachments affect sex and relationships in adults Anxious people Hyper activations They try to be controlling Use sex as a measure of how much the other person loves them Avoidant people are people who have deactivation goals They are protecting themselves by distancing themselves from others They fear intimacy emotional involvement therefore don t allow themselves to have an emotional involvement Secure Prefer sex in the context of an emotional intimate relationship even the first time They feel positive about their sexuality and are willing to discuss it with their partners 13 Understand about scripts in romanticsexual relationships Girls more often experience pain during the first time of sex How much pain varies Erectile dysfunction and pre ejaculation in males Females will he think I m a slut I had sex and everyone will know Anticipate negative emotions first time but have positive emotions afterwards Men typically enjoy it more than women 10 14 What does Rusbult s Investment model attempt to predict According to the model what factors affect this outcome Attempts to predict stability of relationship Outcome By Satisfaction with Relationship Costs vs Benefits Level of Investment in Relationship and Quality of Alternatives to Relationship Completes a study and followed up on relationships Satisfaction is higher Comparison is Lower Level of Investment is much higher 15 What percent of college students hook up in a year Which gender seems to benefit more from hook ups 75 of college students hook up in a year Men seem to benefit more from hook ups 16 Understand pluralistic ignorance in the context of relationship formation Pluralistic Ignorance When both people want to have a relationship but are both concerned about rejection so they wait for the other person to make the first move and Vise versa Therefore there never comes a relationship DTRT Define The Relationship Thought So what are we 17 How do long distance relationships compare with proximal relationships Understand the consequent dialectics of long distance relationships No Maj or Difference People in long dis have a more idealized View of their relationship than proximal relationships Together Excitement over pleasure Separating refreshed and rejuvenated vs Big let down Segmentation Concentrate on one aspect of life vs greater sense of intrusion when cannot segment 18 What are the gender differences with respect to jealousy Depends on the mate value of you and your beloved If you think your mate is hotter than you you re more likely to get jealous and Vise versa Gender differences Evolutionary theory says that women are more jealous of emotional things and men are more jealous of sexual things Evolutionarily women are driven towards emotional security Men are more concerned with more sexual things regarding jealously to be certain of paternity 19 Understand how jealousy affects a relationship in both positive and negative ways 20 At what stage in a relationship is jealousy most likely When the relationship is new right after they define their relationship talk 21 Understand the basics of the ecological model of domestic violence I There are four levels of potential causes of domestic Violence that are nested Within each other From very broad variables to more precise variables Each level in uences the one below and above it ll Macrosystem Broad cultural values and belief systems The belief that one gender should have control over the other ex Patriarchy Exosystem Social Structures ex friendships work relationships People are more likely to be abusive if they lose their job If they have friends that encourage abuse they are more likely to abuse Microsystem Immediate context Things directly related to the couple The way they interact Including any violence and any other type of abuse Ontogenetic Individual development if a person grew up in an abusive household they are most likely to abuse their partner Certain psychological disorders result in abuse 22 When is an abused partner most likely to be murdered by her or his abuser When the abuser perceives that the victim actually leaving 23 Understand why an abused person may stay in an abusive intimate relationship including learned helplessness and the battered woman syndrome as one such reason Lack Financial Resources Not enough Shelter Resources Threats of Murder Social Stigma don t want other people of the know of the abuse Threats of Outing the victimGay Religious Beliefs Immigration Issues Victim blaming Wanting to keep the Family Together Societal Acceptance Learned HelplessnessBattered Woman Syndrome Victims feel that there is nothing they can do about it 24 Recognize the early warning signs of dating abuse review ppt slide Excessively jealous Checks in with you constantly and makes you check in with her Has a temper or history of fighting 25 What is a wise thing to do after a relationship breakup Grieve the loss express your emotions with friends artistically etc Cut off all communication for a while Do not start having casual sex or look for another relationship right away 26 In fact and according to stereotype which gender is more romantic Stereotype women Fact men 27 Understand attribution theory39s ideas on positive and distressed relationships The idea that when we see someone do something we make up a reason for why they did it Usually we confirm that it s because that s how they are or circumstances forced them to do it Positive relationship that s how they are they love me Distressed relationship make up an excuse for that person 12 28 Know the effects of oxytocin and phyenylethylamine on sex and love Oxytocin bonding hormone Phyenylethylamine PEA infatuation 29 Recognize how the cingulate cortex caudate nucleus hippocampus insula and amygdale are involved in love and lust What method is used to determine these structures involvement Lust Amygdala Attraction and Passionate Love cingulate cortex insula caudate nucleus hippocampus retrosplenial cortex Attachment and Companionate Love Insula Method MRI pictures and responses to thoughts of their partner 30 In which societies is love less important as a requirement for marriage Collectivistic Eastern Asia 31 In retrospect how did people view their unrequited love relationships The target feels bad and the suitor remembers happy thoughts 32 How can married couples with dual careers and children find time for sex Scheduling sex 33 What status of couples have the most sex People who are living together People who are in a new relationship 34 What percent of people have extramarital affairs 20 overall 25 of married men 15 of married women 35 How does evolutionary theory explain extramarital affairs Men to make everyone pregnant Woman Want children with different genes so that if there was a plague some of them will surv1ve 36 What type of polyamorypolygamy has been most common Polygamy married to more than one person at the same time Polygyny man married to multiple women Polyandry woman married to multiple men Polygyny is the most common of the two often due to economic advantages Polyamory responsibly and ethically loving multiple people simultaneously Examples Closed group marriage Multiple people married and living with each other Intentional Communities communities loving each other and having sex with each other 13 Secondary relationships married people who have sex with someone outside of a relationship Basically a fuck buddy Tertiary Relationships once in a while they have sex but not much of a relationship outside of the time they have sex 37 According to John Gottman39s research what is the ratio of positive to negative responses during intense discussions among happily married stable couples Ratio of positives to negatives 51 Overall the couples that stayed together had 5 positives to every negative 11 The ones that broke up had one positive for every negative 38 In the context of communication and con ict resolution in romantic relationships what do criticism contempt defensiveness validate and start softly mean Contempt They are so beneath me not as smart as me Defensiveness they are being offenseive well you bought that dress last week Criticism avoid lables generalizations accusations and mindreading Start Softly Ease into the conversation I love you very much Not beginning the conversation with insults Validate paraphrasing what the speaker has said Repeating helps to understand what is said For the person to understand themselves as well This is called re ecting 39 Recognize the usefulness of cooling down before having an intense discussion Cool down getting your emotions under control to be able to think much more rationally 40 What about honesty vulnerability and selfdisclosure Always be honest about what you say you can leave things out When you first meet someone dont be vulnerable right away as relationship progress Self disclosure creates intimacy 41 Recognize and be able to apply the guidelines for having a good marriage given in class refer to ppt slides 42 What is capitalization Bragging on your partner being enthusiastic with spouse when things go well for herhim SEXUAL BEHAVIOR 1 Contrast partial celibacy and complete celibacy Deliberately and voluntarily abstaining from sex Partial Celibacy allowing yourself to masturbate but no sex with a partner Complete Celibacy No masturbation or sex 2 Recognize examples of primary and secondary erogenous zones Primary examples Genitals lips anus and breastsnipples Secondary example buttocks toes and stomachs 14 3 What are the consequences of sexual fantasies What is implied by someone fantasizing during coitus Consequences that the person will not be present in the moment Do not ask your partner what their fantasies are otherwise you might be surprised of their answer 4 Understand sexuality issues with people who are mentally retarded or have spinal cord injuries Everyone else actually have issues with their sex mentally retarded are simple and concrete in thinking therefore need to be taught in a direct and simple way 5 Know approximate of adult men adult women college men and college women who masturbate Men masturbate more College students more than adults Majority of all men masturbate Majority of adult women say they don t Majority of college student women say they do 6What are dildos and how commonly are they used 26 of woman men rarely do 7 Know and understand the advice given to heterosexual men and women Advice for Men Start touching gently amp peripherally only slowly being more intimate Think outside the box If you see it in a porno movie ask her before trying it Kissing is good very good especially if with imaginative passion Most women prefer clitoral to vaginal stimulation most of the time Many women like variety in touching licking and kissing techniques There There Yes Yes at harder faster Sexually tease her Foreplay begins long before you get to bed Stimulate her where she wants the way she wants when she wants for how long she wants PAY ATTENTION Advice for Women Find some clear way to communicate where when how and for how long you want to be stimulated Initiate sexual activities some of the time Be wildly uninhibited about doing whatever you are comfortable doing If he is your boyfriend he loves your body so aunt it for him If you love your boyfriend love his penis show him you love his penis Don t forget the stepchildren VVVVVVVVVV V VVVVV 15 gt When on a date at a party etc give clear unambiguous clues re degree of sexual interest in him express your own ideas and opinions gt If and only if you are in a good ie trusting respectful wellestablished longterm romantic relationship consider pushing yourself to try new things while still respecting your comfort zones 0 Giving versus Givingin gt AFO 0 Be yourself when orgasming 8 Know what analingus aphrodisiac BDSM cunnilingus fellatio fisting intromission sixtynine soixanteneuf tantric sex and tribadism are Analingus rimming sexual activity to the anus by mouth AphrodisiacNo such thin none actually work to enhance performance but there are some to interrupt performance Potassium nitrate saltpeter Cyproterone acetate BDSM BDBondage and Discipline DS Dominance and Submission SM sadomasochism sado in icting pain for pleasure masochism receiving pain for pleasure Lables Bottomreceiving pain Topin icting pain Slogan Safe Sane no alcohol or drugs Consensual Slogan RACK Rational Aware Consensual Kink Cunnilingussexual activity to the vagina by the mouth Fellatio sexual activity to the penis by the mouth Fisting Intromissionthe action or process of inserting the penis into the vagina in sexual intercourse Sixtynine Tantric sex making sex a spiritual ceremony There is a commitment to absolute truthfulness and also compassion to self and others free of shame and guilt a form of prayer Sex is seen as extremely emotionally intimate and mode of prayerfulness to the divine awareness of ones own and partner s body delay and control of orgasm prolonged sex play Tribadism scissoring 9 Know the benefits and limitations of different positions for intercourse Benefits of different positions spice things up 10 Understand the basic principles of coitus presented in class Person on top has more control of angle depth rhythm and type of motion Person on bottom can attain some control by planting foot the firmer the surface the greater the gain Man on top greater depth gained when woman s hips are raised in some way higher the raising the greater the depth In rear entry greater depth gained when the woman lowers her shoulders Be sure everyone has adequate support and feels in control of his or her balance Pay attention to back support if someone is pregnant or has a weakened back 11 Understand coital variations beyond differences in position Man on top 16 Person on top in control Two variations woman s legs over his shoulders legs are around his butt Woman on topcowgirl Person on top in control Two variations sitting up laying at against his body Man doesn t do any work the less he uses his muscles the less of a chance he will ejaculate too soon Rear entry Three variations woman is leaning over a chair Woman is laying down arching her back natural doggy style Side to side Facing eachother Standing Depends on height balance and strength Sittingfacing himfacing away from him Other Variations Keep hands feet lips and tongue as busy as practical during coitus Don t have to be a cylinder and piston Switch with other sexual activities ex Oral sex Vary location time of day lighting Toys and Props 12 Know the practices for safer anal intercourse gt If first time discuss outside of bedroom first gt First get to know your anus well gt Lubricate 1 finger massagecaress receiver s anus very gently insert that 1 finger Is receiver comfortable gt Liberally lubricate dildopenis and anus gt Go slow be prepared to stop may take several sessions 0 Receiver should not experience pain 0 May experience insertion as strange expansion 0 Often brie y feel need to defecate gt to minimize messiness Avoid near time for bowel movement and plan ahead when eating gt Never go from anus to anywhere else without washing it first 13 Know the practices for safer sting O Requires good hygiene 0 Very clean hands amp fingers short wellfiled fingernails no rings etc Requires huge amounts of fragrancefree water based lubricant Especially at first use non powedered gloves Be sure receiver is in a comfortable position Be sure receiver is very sexually aroused Proceed very very very slowly Receiver is in charge 17 0 Hold hand so palm is toward receiver s stomach 0 Start with 1 finger then 2 etc 0 At 3 or 4 fingers start squeezing them together ie they look like a duckbill 0 As try for whole hand fold thumb on palm allow fist to form once inside 0 If vaginal expect many different sessions before whole hand if anal even more 0 COMMUNICATION 0 Why 0 To do correctly requires lots of great communication gt greater intimacy Receiver feels intense vulnerability gt more trust amp intimacy Fister feels a power rush 14 What are the possible consequences of blowing air into a pregnant woman39s vagina Kill the fetus 15 What is the name of the most popular type of vibrator among women who insert vibrators during masturbation The Rabbit 16 Compare and contrast sexual techniques of gay males and lesbians with those of heterosexual couples Tibidum scissoring Much more foreplay 17 What oral technique has the greatest risk for disease transmission if no precautions are taken Analingus 18 Recognize all the true ie all that actually work aphrodisiacs There are no true aphrodisiacs 19 Recognize when a fetish has crossed the boundary to abnormal behavior If the object becomes a necessity 20 What limits in iction of serious damage to people in BDSM especially in BDSM clubs RACK Safe no harm Sane Consensual Bottom has a safe word 21 Based on Moser s study what recreational drugs are allowed at BDSM parties None 22 Understand Baumeister39s theory of masochism People who have strict standards and lost of responsibilities need a way to distress to escape from self awareness so they don t have to deal with all of their responsibilities 23 Be able to identify all the paraphilias discussed in class and in the textbook gt Voyeurism O Scoptophilia gt Exhibitionism gt Frotteurism 18 24 Regarding pedophilia About what percent of men and of women report recalling being sexually abused as a child How has this percent changed over the last few decades How speci c are perpetrators of child sexual abuse about the age and gender of their victims 15 of women and 7 of men this has lowered overtime Male perpetrator Victims 12 prefer girls IA prefer boys IA don t care if incestgt Victim is more than likely to be a girl if nonfamiliargtgender is equal 25 What are the effects of child sexual abuse in adulthood About what is the rate of recidivism among people convicted of child sexual abuse What factors affect the rate of their recidivism Recidivism only the minorities do it again somewhere between 3 to 30 at least 23 don t Affects the rate Incest and psuedoincest step parent have less recidivism good psychological treatment less likely to do it again If they get arrested convicted released for a second time more likely to do it again 25 Understand the different facets of the speculative biopsychosocial model of the causes of paraphilia s In diagram all statements together cause paraphilia Inappropriate sexual associations Possible inadequately Possible inadequately developed consensual developed social skills adult arousal patterns for relating to adults Possible Inappropriate fantasies Possible weak high sex repeatedly associated behavior drive with masturbation inhibition system Attempts to inhibit undesired arousal amp behavior creates anxiety gt arousal Arousal is misattributed to the paraphilia 26 What helps to maintain sexual capacity into old age Once you get older should not wait long periods of time between times Body will become less sexually responsive 27 Very roughlyapproximately how many elderly people remain interested in sex and sexually active Lots 28 What sexual activity did the course instructor recommend everyone do Masturbation Jackson et al 120062 and Sagarin et al 12004 19 Know and understand the research questionshypotheses the major aspects of the methods the major results and conclusions and any important limitations Consequence of sexual fantasy Fantasy takes away from concentration of partner Fantasy raises arousal level Dildos 26 of women Rarely used by men Similarity has a big effect Complementary has little or no effect SelfDisclosure creates intimacy Blowing air in pregnant woman s vagina Kill the fetus Please remember that 2 pencil and eraser Study of Masochistic behavior Measured stress levels of cortisol and testosterone and relationship closeness Initially wanted to collect info prior to people bringing BDSM right immediately before during and after Dropped immediately before BDSM Collected saliva for measurements at the end Why Must not interrupt The level of cortisol release 20 mins later What did they find Bottoms cortisol rose right before and then decreased after Tops Cortisol was continuously lower didn t rise much Why did it rise for bottoms More stressful for person receiving pain Measurement of testosterone The same so they figured they messed up Measurement of closeness If people liked it their closeness increased
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'