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New Telecommunications Study Guide

by: Aria Notetaker

New Telecommunications Study Guide TVR 32200 - 02

Marketplace > Ithaca College > Television Radio > TVR 32200 - 02 > New Telecommunications Study Guide
Aria Notetaker
GPA 3.71

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About this Document

This study guide contains information on the first initial midterm: History of Telecommunications Evolution of Radio History of Television The Future of Television
New Telecommunications Technologies
Professor Keith C Hannon
Study Guide
newtelecommunications, telecommunications, Technology, television, Park
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Aria Notetaker on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to TVR 32200 - 02 at Ithaca College taught by Professor Keith C Hannon in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see New Telecommunications Technologies in Television Radio at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 10/02/16
08/29/16 - The History of Telecommunications How did they ‘text’ their friends? - smoke signals, drums horn. 6th century BCE​ - C ​ yrus ‘The​Great” created the first postal system. 5th century BCE​ - f ​ irst pigeon messaging ​ system: the pigeons always find their way back to their nest regardless of their distance. 4th century BCE -​ ​Hydraulic S ​ emaphore: (think hydro - water) ‘identical containers on separate hills, which are not connected to each other; each container would be filled with water, and a vertical rod floated within it’. 490 BCE​ -​ Heliographs: The sun reflection of shiny objects to sign signals. The Problem: didn’t know understand each other signs. 15th century CE - ​Maritime F​lag semaphore: communication with hand-held flags in a particular pattern. Each position and motion represented a letter/number. 1672 -​ ​first experimental ​acoustic telephone: Robert Hooke → discovered that sound could be transmitted over wire or string into an attached earpiece or mouthpiece. 1790 -​ Semaphore Lines​ (optical telegraphs): Chappe Brother (french inventors) created this. System of pendulums set up on a high tower to swing its mechanical arms and sign messages from one tower to the next. 1858 -​ ​First tran​ tlantic telegraph cable: Cyrus created a connection between England and the United States by telegraph. ​ 1867​ -​ Signal lamps: Signals lamps created for the boats to communication. Idea by British Colomb. ​ 877 -​ Acoustic phonograph: Inventor Thomas Alva Edison → able to record and playback sounds. ​ 1893 - ​Wireless telegraphy: Transmit radio waves wirelessly by Nikolai Tesla (think nokia phone) ​ *1896 - R​ adio: Marconi ‘man who gave us the first radio’ *1927 -​ Television: Sept.7th Phillip T.Farnsworth → first working television set. 193​ 4 -​​ irst commercial radio-telephone service → first time people were able to communicate across the pacific ocean for the first time U.S. to Japan. However, quality of calls were not great. 1946 -​ ​Limited - capa ​ city mobile telephone service for automobiles: First telephone call made from an automobile phone. Cost of installation and small volume of calls made this invention very extensive. ​1962 - C ​ ommercial telecommunications satellite: Telecommunications were able to go to space. ​ 1964 -​ ​Fiber - optic telecommunications: fiber can transmit information as long as it was free of impurities. ​ 1969 - C ​ omputer networking: data travelled through the Internet. ​ *1973 - f ​ irst modern - era mobile phone: maximum talk time of 35 minutes. A year to recharge the battery. ​ 1979 - ​Ship to shore satellite communications: increase safety for sailors and passengers who needed to speak to someone on shore. ​ 1981 -​ first mobile phone network: launched in Japan. ​ 1982 - S ​ MTP Email: send electronic mail. ​ *1983 ​-​ ​ he Internet: Internet was officially born. *1994​ - the first smartphone a calendar, fax modem, email, basic games *1998 - ​mobile satellite hand - held phones *2003 -​ VoIP Internet telephony: phone calls can be transmitted through the internet. The Telecommunications of Now 09/01/16 - IS THIS MISSING? October 8th 2016 -Evolution of Radio: Guglielmo Marconi ● Shunned by home country, went to england instead and took out a patent ● Received first radio signal in italy in 1895 ● 1899: sends first wireless signal across the english channel. ● 1901: send the letter “s” from England to Newfoundland ● Combined “radio” work of others to create a useful communication tool. Radio Act of 1927 ● Creates the federal radio commission to fix “chaos” ● FRC grants licenses, assign frequencies, station power Radio Act of 1934 ● FRC becomes Federal Communications Commission (fcc) ● Transferred regulation of interstate telephone services from the Interstate commerce commission to the fcc ● Begins pushing out of education/non-profit radio in favor of commercial ● Authorized fcc as regulating agency of telecommunications industry. The golden age of radio - 1930s-1950s​ → radio was the dominant home entertainment medium. 1950s - 1960s ● TV Kills the golden age 1950s - 200s ● Radio plays the hits 1970s ● FM Catches on ● (WICB 91.7FM Ithaca) 1980s ● Public radio collapses ● NPR - one of the survivors 1990s ● Radio gets condensed Today ● Clear channel dominates radio 200s ● Radio goes into orbit Today - ​podcasting Why radio in 2016? ● Provide information to areas with little infrastructure ● Search airwaves without electricity.internet ● Cheap way to acquire information ● Still features a local focus ● Sometimes the only way to communicate in war zones History of Television: (dates I believe are important) ​ 1 Jan 1884 -​​ nvention of Flexible Photographic Film: Photographic film allowed multiple images to be stored onto a plastic coated strip. These images could then viewed later. 1 Jan 1887 - ​Motion Picture Camera 1 Jan 1895 - ​First Public Demonstration of motion picture camera 1 Jan 1938 - ​Proposal for Color T.V. 1 Feb 1958 -​ Videotape and Cable - 525 cable tv systems. 20 Jul 1969 ​- Mankind's First Step: everyone was able to watch it live. 1 Jan 1993 - ​ 8% - of U.S. households owned at least one TV set. 22 Jan 1984 - ​Super Bowl Ads-The Macintosh - turned the super bowl into a major ad event - introduced the macintosh computer. 1 Jan 1990 - ​The Children's Television Act - limit the amount of commercials in children's programming. 1 Jan 2000 - ​ he Year of the Digital Disc - DVDs 1 Jan 2005 - ​Flat Screens and HDTV ​ it should have anything to do with what they’re watching on tv. - People only use 2nd screens when they’re bored. “The industry is living in a great expectation rather than looking at what the reality is”​ - Dr Sherrly Wilson A la carte Programming → ​ networks that were only available with cable can now get them to devices like HBO, CBS Throttling →​ definition: device controlling the flow of fuel or power to an engine → television controlling one’s life.


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