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MU - HUM 241 - Class Notes - Week 4

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MU - HUM 241 - Class Notes - Week 4

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background image I. Constitution
a. Document that defines the basic structure of a government
b. Basic structure: divides the power of government into 3 parts and 
describes the powers of each c. Separation of powers, checks and balances i. Gives each branch some degree of oversight and control over  the actions of the other branches ii. Ex. Presidential veto, senate approval of presidential  appointments, judicial review iii. Slowness tension conflict, compromise d. Established government structure very different from what preceded it  and withstood the test of time e. Founders were more educated and well off than most (merchants from  north, landowners from south, investors, securities speculators f. Areas of conflict i. Representation ii. Majority and minority tyranny  iii. Governmental power g. Factors that led to constitutional convention: i. Concern about international position ii. Concern about economic policy iii. Concern about unrest among non-propertied classes  iv. Concern about Protecting Individual Liberties h. Shay’s Rebellion i. Merchants in Massachusetts required hard currency to buy  goods and pay taxes ii. Subsistence farmers didn’t have access to coin so they would  incur large debts iii. Government seized property and imprisoned debtors iv. Farmers protest at courthouse then attempt to seize arsenal i. British relationship with America in 18 th  century i. British citizens, British controlled trade and America everything  else, taxed without representation ii. 7 Years War changed this because colonists needed protection  from French and Native Americans j. Precursors to Constitution i. Articles of Confederation: loose association of independent  states that agree to cooperate on selected matters ii. Why did they opt for Confederation? 1. Stronger state identities
2. Dissatisfaction with strong central governments had led to
revolt iii. Basic institutional structure 1. States keep sovereignty
2. National congress with each state having one vote
3. 9 of 13 must agree to make changes
iv. Shortcomings: 1. National government had no power to tax
2. No clear national leader

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School: Miami University
Department: Humanities and Social Sciences
Course: World Politics
Professor: Alexis Henshaw
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: constitution and Amendments
Name: Week 4 Notes
Description: These notes cover what we talked about in week 4.
Uploaded: 10/03/2016
2 Pages 12 Views 9 Unlocks
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