Psychology 66 Midterm 1 Study Guide
Psychology 66 Midterm 1 Study Guide Psych 66
California State University, Fresno
Popular in Abnormal Psychology
Popular in Psychology
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Serena on Monday October 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 66 at California State University, Fresno taught by Weifu Liao in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at California State University, Fresno.
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Date Created: 10/03/16
Midterm Study Guide Test Info: 882 Scantron Thursday, September 29, 2016 50 questions 1 hour to complete -Most people finish in 30mins • Diagnosticand Statistical Manualof Mental Disorders Current: DSM-5 Created for insurance billing It will always be evolving It wasn’t intended for diagnosing • Things to Consider When Diagnosing Culture Background Religion Demographics Drug use • Drug Use An important factor in diagnosing If a symptom could be due to drugs especially if the patient claims drug use, wait until an average of 6 months after drug use has stopped to diagnose Make sure drugs are out of the system & it's an actual mental condition Some drugs need longer time • Schizophrenia Spectrum: Wide range Some may be very high functioning,you may never know about their disorder Onset: Typically occurs during periods of hormonal change Females- usually around mid 20s Males- usually around early 20s Identical twins have a 48% chance that both will have it Prodromal Syndromes: precursor odd behaviors that are not typical, before full blown schizophrenia Recovering: Better chance in females, worse chance with longer prodromal Brief Psychotic Episode > Schizophreniform> Schizophrenia 1 Day to 1 Month > 1 Month to 6 Months > More than 6 Months • Hallucinations vs. Delusions • Hallucinations vs. Delusions Hallucinations: -Sensory perception distortion -visual, auditory, olfactory, taste, touch -Most common is auditory -How to distinguish between real & fake: real sounds are coming from inside the head Delusions: -Distorted belief not based on rational information or reality • Delusional Disorders Distorted belief not based on rational information or reality 6 types: Erotomanic- Someone they do not know, at all or very much, is in love with them Grandiose- Their self-worth is a lot larger than it appears to everyone else Jealous- Significant others are always cheating on them Persecutory- Everyone (someone) is out to get them Somatic- Something is wrong with them Mixed- Mixture of multiple types • Bipolar Disorder Bipolar 1 is worse because the symptomology is more incapacitating due to manic episode Bipolar 2- hypomanic & major depressive Time Requirements: Manic Episode- 1 week or hospitalization Hypomanic- at least 4 days Older terminology is Manic Depressive Disorder Mixed Manic Episode: Cycles between manic & depressive at same time and very quickly Married couples with 1 person having Bipolar, 85% divorce rate • Suicide Risk Most at risk just after rock bottom, when they start recovering from lowest point • Psychosis =Break from reality Is someone suddenly develops psychosis, first thought should be: Drug use? Traumatic event? Sudden brain injury or sickness? • Performance/arousal relationship: Yerkes-Dodson Curve Best performance when arousal is medium Performance decreases when arousal is very low AND very high Performance decreases when arousal is very low AND very high • Serotonin Is a neurotransmitter lack of serotonin causes major depression • Disorders thatsymptoms can be delusions/hallucinations: Bipolar 1 Schizophrenia Drug Use Brief Psychotic Disorder Schizophreniform • Possible Case Scenarios on test: 1. Mood swing cycles Some days energetic, cook, clean, jog Some days feel so depressed they sleep all day Cycles every few months or so =Bipolar 2 2. Mood swings don’t affect them, sometimes they feel sad, sometimes they are happy, cycles back & forth =Cyclothymic Disorder Doesn’t cause distress in daily function 3. Sometimes they are so sad they want to sleep all the time =Major Depression 4. They look sad, don’t think anything is wrong with them: =Dysthymia, persistent depressive disorder 5. Mom brings in a 13yr old teen, mom complains they act out at school, used to be really sweet, when they hit age 13 they started acting out =Disruptivedysregulation disorder Root cause is depressive disorder Present depression as agitation
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