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Manga_2nd Half

by: Andrea Cueva

Manga_2nd Half

Marketplace > University of Oregon > Manga_2nd Half
Andrea Cueva
GPA 3.8

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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Andrea Cueva on Wednesday April 1, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to a course at University of Oregon taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 16 views.


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Date Created: 04/01/15
Introduction to Human Evolution ANTH 170 Week One My notes will correspond in order with the supplied notes on Blackboard He lists simple bullet points there expecting the students to fill in the pieces of information he supplements in lecture I have included all of the lecture supplements below Each heading on the Blackboard notes will be underlined and bolded for easy searching later on Remember Evolution does not mean Improvement European World View Prior to Scientific Revolution As time progressed the Catholic Church has to answer questions that arose adding dogma or little official additions to belief in order to create these answers Many ideas of classical civilization were preserved in Islamic tradition later adopted by the Catholic Church Empiricism We can learn about the universe by investigating the universe not by asking someone who should know 0 This thought became the basis of the Scientific Revolution The Universe was understood to be 1 Geocentric a Firmament Stars were thought to be fixed in a revolving sphere surrounding the Earth b Planet means wanderer i Originally there were seven planets including the Sun and the Moon ii Planets didn t moved in a fixed pattern like the stars hence the term Wanderer 2 Young a Based on the soandso begat soandso portion of Genesis in the Bible b The Earth s origin was decided to be 4004 BCE despite physical written and artistic records that predate that such as in Chinese history 3 Static a This concept is easy to accept if you also believe the Universe is young It makes sense because an ocean doesn t appear in 6000 years etc 4 Fixity of Species a Everything is a perfection of an idea transferred to reality which means that everything is actually an imperfect copy b EX The perfect chair exists in the mind of God and all man made chairs are imperfect copies of his perfect idea c Physicality is imperfection and therefore isn t important often classified as sin because it deviates from God s image 5 Life Organized in a Great Chain of Being a This thought was defined by Aristotle b Reinforces the idea of a static universe because you can t add things to a chain c This idea was ruined by colonialism and the massive discoveries of new species of plants and animals d The chain concept isn t realistic because there is a lot more stuff in existence than what is viewable in Europe e Suddenly the chain had offshoots making it cluttered and messy Age of Discovery and Scientific Revolution The scientific revolution began with the thought of physically investigating the world for ourselves as well as with the necessity of scientific expansion that accompanied colonialism Nicolaus Copernicus 14731543 Moved the believed center of the Universe to the Sun in order for the planetary rotations to make sense rather than being weird curly patterns they turned into neat ellipses Galileo Galilei 15641642 He mapped the phases of Venus which had similar patterns to the moon 0 This phase relation made sense with the placement of the Sun as the center of the universe Viewed moons circling Iupiter through his telescope 0 When tried for heresy he urged his accuser to look through his telescope and view the moons for himself but his accuser refused saying I know what I knowquot Andreas Vesalius 15141564 First anatomist to publish drawings of human cadavers Also aware of the skull shape determining face shape Carolus Linnaeus 17071778 Classified plants animals rocks based on their observable traits which means other people in different parts of the world and in different professional fields could use his methods and replicate his results Originally things that shared an element air water fire earth were grouped like birds and bats both ew and were therefore grouped together Linnaeus helped with things like botany plant specimens were grouped by how many petals each ower had or where how they budded and grew 0 Helped to group plants properly instead of willy nillyquot His system caught on because it worked not because it was sciency or better Divided into anamalia plantae and minerals 0 Minerals didn t work properly but the other two groupings were kept 0 Life has a past but minerals don t have an inheritance like plants animals I No version of reproduction Under this grouping method there were a limited number of words in latin but a nearly infinite number of combinations Binomial Nomenclature Used by Linnaeus People finally were able to communicate what they were exactly talking about At the time they went from 100 s of understood species to 1000 s of understood species with the expansion of colonialism Current day there are over 30 million names for the genus species of things GeorgeLouis Leclerc 17071788 Wrote a 36volume encyclopedia over 40 years of life He thought elephants moved to Asia and Africa from the North with the change of climate 0 Technically he had it backwards because elephants originated in Africa and later moved to Asia but his observation of climate based evolution was what was revolutionary Showed that animals were not randomly distributed but are instead suited to their environments Starts to realize there s a history to why animals are where they are George Cuvier 17691832 Originally extinction was considered impossible because God created a perfect universe so things couldn t be destroyed unless they were inherently imperfect Cuvier envisioned big catastrophic events 0 Considered Noah s ark a recent example 0 New life wasn t created but rather moved in from surviving aread In his mind these events were supernaturally created William Smith 17691839 Could correlate the rocks he was passing through based on the fossils he was seeing Correlate means how rocks from one place relate to rocks in another 0 Important because it s how minerals are found so they could trace natural resources He s a canal digger which is how he got all of this experience This pattern allowed for industrial expansion of the United Kingdom which later caught on across the globe They were able to find more resources faster Colonialism benefits because one can map out the elements in a new conquered area with Smith s technique Fossils tell you when the rock is formed not where 0 Smith doesn t quite develop the why behind his new system but he knows it helps with resources 0 It worked and he simply didn t know why but didn t particularly worry about it Thomas Malthus 17661834 Concerned with demographics population and the ability to feed that population He said our resources would eventually collide with the population boom creating a point of crisis wherein many people would starve die in a global catastrophe o It hasn t happened obviously but the concern was an understandable one and there s nothing saying that it won t happen later on Jean Baptiste Lamarck 17441829 He s often known as the guy who got it wrongquot 0 What he got wrong was how organisms evolved I Said that organisms had an internal drive to become more complex or elaborate What he got right was that species evolve Created the theory on the use and disuse of parts 0 Said if an organism used or did something excessively that trait would be passed on to their children I Ex If your parents exercised regularly and maintained a fit physique that it would automatically be passed on to you I Obviously doesn t work this way


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