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UNL / Geography / GEOG 140 / What is a group of people in a particular place who see themselves as

What is a group of people in a particular place who see themselves as

What is a group of people in a particular place who see themselves as


School: University of Nebraska Lincoln
Department: Geography
Course: Introduction to Human Geography
Professor: Rebecca buller
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: geography, agenda, Culture, and geography140
Cost: 25
Name: Culture Notes
Description: Covering the last few sessions where we talked about culture geography. I've started also taking notes of what we do in class, just in case you're not there...
Uploaded: 10/04/2016
5 Pages 153 Views 1 Unlocks

9/22 agenda:

What is a group of people in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or community?

­watched Iceland study abroad video

Local Culture , Popular Culture, & Cultural Landscapes

I. Culture

a. Define: The sum total of the knowledge , attitudes, and habitual  behavior patterns shared & transmitted by the members of a society b. Complex concept with various meanings

c. Important how people not academics , define themselves as a group II. Local Culture

a. Define: a group of people in a particular place who see themselves as  a collective or community who:

i. Share experiences, customs, and traits

ii. Work to preserve those traits and customs in order to claim  uniqueness and to distinguish themselves from others If you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of the money market?

b. Usually found in small area

What is the meaning of material culture?

c. Accept/ reject diffusing cultural traits

d. Use a variety of tactics to maintain their ways

i. Community celebrations, family structures, lack of interaction  with other cultures

e. Influence places

i. Ex: leave their imprint on the cultural landscape

1. With their material and nonmaterial culture

2. Material culture: the art , housing, clothing, sports, 

dances, foods, and other similar items constructed/ 

created by a group of people

a. constructed items

b. frequently express non­material culture

3. non­material culture: the beliefs, practices, aesthetics,  We also discuss several other topics like Which plant is considered to be an antidote for cobra bite?

and values of a group of people

What is the meaning of local cultures?

f. Sustaining Local culture

i. Local cultures…

1. Are sustained through retaining customs

2. Often purposively define themselves as unique

a. To create boundaries around their culture

b. To distinguish themselves from other local cultures We also discuss several other topics like What is the graph of quadratics?

c. Work to avoid cultural appropriation 

i. The process by which cultures adopt 

customs & knowledge from other cultures 

and use them for their own benefits

ii. Rural Local Cultures

1. Decreased amount of interaction with other cultural 

groups allows local cultures living in rural areas to more 

easily maintain their ways

2. Often share a common economic activity

a. Ex: Anabaptist Christian group

i. Hutterites (common in Northern great 


1. Live communally in colonies of 

roughly 100 people

2. Colonies primarily found in the 

northern parts of the American and 

the southern portions of the Canadian 

Great Plains

3. Religious beliefs, customs, and ways 

bind them

4. Agricultural economy that adopts 

modern agricultural technologies

5. Http://www.hutterites.org 

Map of Hutterites colonies showed in Northern plain

Watched video on National Geography; shows lifestyle of Hutterite  Daughter and mother conflict


Agenda: If you want to learn more check out Who is considered the founder of classical conditioning?

∙ Reading the cultural landscape (played geoguesser)

∙ Wesley Gives a Tour Video (American Colony: Meet the Hutterites)

o Hutterites man gives people a tour of a Hutterite village so people can be educated (not a cult)  Hutterites are based on Christian views

iii. Urban Local Cultures

1. Often are ethnic neighborhoods within cities 

a. Ex: Hasidic Jews in Brooklyn, NY

2. Create a space to practice customs

3. Can cluster business, houses of worship, schools to 

support local culture

iv. Commodification of Local Cultures

1. Local cultures often experience commodification 

a. Process of making something that was not 

previously bought & sold a commodity in the 

market place

i. Can be done themselves/by others

ii. Commodification of material culture, 

nonmaterial culture, culture as a whole

b. Selling/sharing a culture’s good Don't forget about the age old question of What are the changes in height and weight in the first two years of life?

2. Often affects authenticity of  culture

a. Ex: type casts what the dominant consumers will 

purchase, and thus, perpetuates myths

i. Ex:the noble savage

b. Cultures are dynamic

c. “authentic” tourist destinations are frequently 

designed to exploit the mystical in local cultures

i. Theme parks and entertainment venues 

sometimes overtly choose & perpetuate a 

culture’s stereotype

1. Ex: Guinness & The Irish Pub 

company recreating the Irish pubs 

throughout the world

III. Popular Culture

a. Can be defined as traits OR a population

b. Define1: cultural traits that identify and are part of today’s  changeable, urban­based, media­influenced western societies i. Practiced by a large, heterogeneous (mix of distinct cultures)  group

1. Ex: food

c. Define2: large, heterogeneous population, typically urban, with  rapidly changing culture We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of capital budgeting in financial management decisions?

d. Hearths

i. Typically begin with an idea/good then spreads

ii. Creation or manufacture of popular culture by:

1. Companies (soft drink companies)

2. Individuals (best dressed people)

3. Major hearths

a. Europe (Western)

b. Japan

c. United States (east/west coasts)

iii. Replacing Old Hearths with New

1. Corporations must create the “new” so that they have 

something to sell that is “socially desirable”

2. Beating out the Big 3 Spots: Football, basketball, 


a. Surfing (1960s), skateboarding(1970s), 

snowboarding(1980s), ultimate fighting (1990s)

e. Diffusion

i. Rapid spread of new traits by contagious & hierarchical 

diffusion via communication, marketing, and transportation 


ii. Distance­decay

1. Likelihood of diffusion decreases as distance from hearth


2. Time­space compression

a. Diffusion most rapid at most compressed space

3. Interaction between local & popular cultures

a. Patronage by local cultures of popular culture 


b. Adoption by popular culture of local culture traits

Ended class with watching “Can You make it” video



Fouberg (our textbook author)& Zeitler: looked @website and board of directors  for geography

Jeremy Collins: famous mountaineer speaker 7:30 October 5th in Union  auditorium 

Diffusion of pop culture

[map of most frequently accessed social media sites by country] ∙ Shows example of spreading of pop culture

Don’t have to take notes on this:

­talked about losing the local culture? Fear of globalization will make everyone in  ONE culture

­North America, western Europe , japan, india, and south korea= biggest  influence

IV. Seeing Cultures in the cultural landscape

a. Cultural landscape

i. Lewis’s “Axioms for Reading the Landscape”

1. ‘our human landscape is our unwitting autobiography, 

reflecting our tastes, our values, our aspirations, and even

our fears, in tangible, visible form’

ii. Cultural landscape as the visible human imprint on the land b. Convergence of cultural landscapes

i. Diffusion of skyscrapers as a mark of a city

ii. Widespread distribution of business and products

iii. Borrowing of idealized landscape images

1. Ex: Eiffel tower (in France, Las Vegas, etc.) 

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