New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unit 2 Study Guide Ch. 10 & 12

by: Emily Banks

Unit 2 Study Guide Ch. 10 & 12 1005

Marketplace > University of Colorado Denver > Psychology (PSYC) > 1005 > Unit 2 Study Guide Ch 10 12
Emily Banks
CU Denver

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This study guide is for the preparation of the Unit 2 exam. Includes questions and answers for ch. 10 & 12
Intro to Psychology 2
Mr. Skyler Leonard
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Intro to Psychology 2

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Banks on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 1005 at University of Colorado Denver taught by Mr. Skyler Leonard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology 2 in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Colorado Denver.

Similar to 1005 at CU Denver

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)


Reviews for Unit 2 Study Guide Ch. 10 & 12


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/04/16
Study Guide Unit 2 Ch. 10 & 12   Chapter 10 – Questions   1 What is Developmental psychology : 2 What are 5 challenges that arise when examining human development? 3 Explain each of the challenges from the previous answer 4 Define Cohort effect: 5 What is the difference for gitudinal designs? 6 What are some of the advantages and disadvantages for longitudinal designs? 7 Define Gene­environment interaction: 8 What is Gene expression? 9 What does the term renatal refer to? 10 What are teratogens: 11 What does alcohol consumption cause in newborns? 12 What are genetic disorder and how do they form? 13 What does being born premature  mean? 14 What are motor behaviors ? 15 Explain the ucking and rooting reflexe? 16 Give a few examples of some major milestones in a childhood. 17 True or False, almost all children accomplish these milestones in the same order and the  same timing. 18 Define adolescence: 19 What are the differences between primary and secondary sex characteristics? Give  examples of each. 20 What are menarche  and spermarche? 21 What are two things that influence the timing of puberty? 22 What happens in physical development for adults as they grow older? 23 What is Cognitive Psychology: 24 Define Cognitive Development : 25 What are the 3 heories of Cognitive Development ? 26 What was Piaget’s Theory? 27 What is assimilationvs. ccommodation ? 28 What are Piaget’s 4 Stages and what do they focus on? 29 What is Vygotsky’s Theory? 30 What are the ognitive Landmarks of Early Development ? 31 Define Temperament : 32 What is attachment : 33 What are the 4 categories of behavior? 34 What are the 4 parenting styles? 35 What is the difference between xand gender ? 36 Gender role  vs. nder identity: 37 What are  moral dilemmas ? 38 What does Piaget say about more development? 39 What are the 3 major stages of Kohlberg’s Moral Development? 40 What is a midlife crisis? Chapter 12 – Questions 1. What is  stres? 2. What is a traumatic event ? 3. What are the 3 approaches to stress? Explain them. 4. What is the difference between primary appraisal  and econdary appraisal ? 5. Define  problem­focused coping  and  emotion focused coping ? 6. Define  hassle: 7. What is  general adaptation syndrome ? 8. Name the 3 stages from the previous question. 9. True or False, women are more likely to tend and befriend than males. 10. Name some PTSD symptoms. 11. What is the mmune system : 12. What is psychoneuroimmunology ? 13. Why is social support important? 14. What are the 5 types of control? 15. Explain what crisis debriefing is. 16. What are the 3 C’s? 17. What is an ptimist ? 18. What is the theory on having spiritual or religious involvement and being more healthy? 19. What is rumination ? 20. What are 4 behaviors to promote health?   Chapter 10 – Answers   1 The study of how humans and behavior changes over the life span. 2 Post Hoc Fallacy, Bidirectional Influences, Cross­Sectional Designs, Influence of Early  Experiences, and The Nature vs. Nurture Debate. 3 Post Hoc Fallacy: Logical error where you assume that A causes B just because B came  after A. Bidirectional Influences: As children and teens grow older, the play more of a role in  selecting their environments. Cross­Sectional Designs: examine differences between groups. In developmental research: examine people of different ages at a single time. Influence of Early Experiences: early life experiences have the power to impact development The Nature vs. Nurture Debate: The debate on whether our developed more by our  nature or nurture during our adolescence. They both play a large role in our development. 1 Sets of people who lived during one period may differ from sets of people who lived during a different period. 2 They track the development of the same group of participants over time. 3 Advantages:  Account for cohort effects  Helps avoid post­hoc fallacies Disadvantages:  Costly  Time­consuming  Attrition: participants dropping out  Not experimental: can’t infer cause and effect relationships 1 The impact of genes on behavior depends on the environment where behavior develops. 2 The activation or deactivation of genes by environmental experiences throughout  development. 3 It refers to before birth, during or related to pregnancy. 4 Environmental factors that can exert a negative impact on prenatal development. 5 It can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome. 6 They are errors in cells continue to get copied through cell division and can cause many  irregularities. 7 It means being born prior to 36 weeks. 8 They are bodily motions that occur as result of self­initiated force that moves the bones and muscles. Sucking reflex: if we put something in a newborns babies mouth, it will clamp down and  9 suck as if it is breast feeding. Rooting reflex is the act of newborns automatically turning their faces towards a  physical touch on their faces or lips. 1 Sitting up, crawling, standing unsupported, & walking. 2 False, almost all children accomplish these milestones in the same order, but timing of the  milestones vary immensely. 3 It is the transitional period between childhood and adulthood commonly associated with the teenage years. Primary sex characteristics are physical features such as the reproductive organs that  4 distinguish the sexes. Secondary sex characteristics are the non­reproductive changes that distinguish the  sexes. 1 Menarche is the start of menstruation. Spermarche is boys’ first or ability to ejaculate. 1 Genetics and environmental differences. 2 In middle­late adulthood there is:  Decline in muscle tone  Increase in body fat  Decline of vision, hearing, and smell  Decline of fertility in women’s 30’s and 40’s  Menopause: the termination of menstruation 3 The study of mental processes. 4 How children acquire the ability to learn, think, reason, communicate, and remember. 5 Stagelike vs. continuous changes in understanding Domain­general vs. domain­speific accounts Principal source of learning 6 That children learn differently than adults and that they go through stages of learning and  development. 7 Assimilation is the process of absorbing new experiences into current knowledge.  Accommodation is the process of altering a belief to make it more compatible with  experience. 8 Sensorimotor Stage: focus on the here and now, what is visible Preoperational Stage: ability to construct mental representations of experience Concrete operations: can perform mental operations, but only for physical events Formal operations: ability to understand hypothetical reasoning beyond the here and now 9 Emphasized social and cultural influences on cognitive development. 10 Naïve physics/ physical reasoning Categorization and classification Concept of self and others/ theory of mind Counting and math 11 Basic emotional style that appears early in development. 12 The strong emotional connection we share with those to whom we feel closest too. 13 Secure attachment Insecure­avoidant attachment Insecure­anxious attachment Disorganized attachment 14 Permissive: lenient, little discipline, affectionate Authoritarian: very strict, punishing, little affection Authoritative: supportive but sets firm limits Uninvolved (disengaged): neglectful and ignoring 15 Sex is the biological status, anatomy Gender is the psychological characteristics, thoughts, behavior, emotions, what makes us 16 Role is the set of behaviors that are traditionally or stereotyped as male or female Identity is peoples’ sense of being male or female, what they identify as 17 Situations in which there is no clear right or wrong answer. 18 That moral development is limited by our cognitive development. 19 Preconventional: focus on punishment and reward Conventional: focus on societal values Post Conventional: focus on internal moral principles or what is right 20 It is a phase of adulthood characterized by emotional distress about the aging process and an attempt to regain youth. Chapter 12 – Answers 1. The tension, discomfort or physical symptoms that arise when a stressor strains our  ability to cope effectively. 2. A stressor so severe that it can produce long term psychological or health consequences.  3 .     Stressors as a stimuli: what types of events cause stress Stress as a response: assess psychological and physical reactions to stress Stress as a transaction approach: examines how people interpret and cope with stress 4. Primary is the initial decision whether an event is harmful or not Secondary is our perceptions regarding our ability to cope with an event 5. Problem focused is taking the problem head on  Emotion focused is adopting a positive outlook on stressful situations and attempting to  reduce painful situations 6. Minor annoyances that strain our ability to cope 7. The pattern of response to stress in 3 stages. 8. Alarm, Resistance, and Exhaustion 9. True, women seek social support to get through hard times more than males. 10. Intrusive symptoms, avoidance, change in thinking or mood, hyperarousal. 11. Our body’s defense against invading bacteria, viruses, and other potentially illness­ producing organisms and substances. 12. The study of the relationship between the immune system and central nervous system  (brain and spinal chord) 13. It can provide emotional comfort, financial assistance, help with making decisions and  solving problems. 14. Behavioral control: ability to do something to reduce the impact of a stressful situation. Cognitive control: ability to think differently about negative emotions. Decisional control: ability to choose among alternative courses of action. Informational control: ability to acquire information about a stressful event Emotional control: ability to suppress and express emotions 15. A single 3­4 hour session conducted soon after a trauma designed to ward off PTSD. 16. Challenge, committed, and control. 17. An individual with a positive outlook of the world, don’t dwell on the negative. 18. The thought is that people who are spiritually or religiously involved have lower  mortality, better immune response, and better surgical outcomes. Possibly because they  are more socially supported, are positive, and have more self­control. 19. The act of focusing on the negative, how bad we feel, and constantly analyzing what  caused problems. 20. Quit smoking, Stop drinking, achieve a healthy weight, and exercise.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.