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Biodiversity Lab Midterm

by: Zoe Hollander

Biodiversity Lab Midterm BSC 1101

Marketplace > Florida Atlantic University > Science > BSC 1101 > Biodiversity Lab Midterm
Zoe Hollander

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Information for the biodiversity midterm
Dr. Brooks
Study Guide
fungi, plants, protist, Bacteria
50 ?




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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Zoe Hollander on Tuesday October 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BSC 1101 at Florida Atlantic University taught by Dr. Brooks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 127 views. For similar materials see Biodiversity in Science at Florida Atlantic University.

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Date Created: 10/04/16
Biodiversity Lab Midterm Kingdom Monera: Shapes: bacillus, coccus, spirilla Gram Staining: Negative-pink w/ polysaccharide layer Positive- purple w/ peptidoglycan layer Ex: Anabaena and Oscillatoria Kingdom Protista: Phylum Rhizopoda: -“naked amoebas” -no shells -move w/ pseudopodia Phylum Actinopoda: -silicon dioxide shells -axopodia improve buoyancy and aid in feeding -Ex: heliozoans, radiozoa, radiolarians Phylum Forminifera: -calcium carbonate shells -“living sands” -useful in dating rocks Phylum Kinetoplastida: -trypanosoma -African Sleeping Sickness Phylum Oomycota: -water molds -two flagella Phylum Ciliophora: -moves w/ cilia -macronucleus responsible for synthesizing DNA + RNA -micronuclei responsible for synthesizing DNA only -paramecium w/ trichocyst Phylum Apicomplexa: -plasmodium (causes malaria) -no locomotion -parasitic Phylum Myxogastrida: -plasmodial slime mold -no cell walls -when food runs out, it begins to reproduce Phylum Dictyostelida: -cellular slime mold -aggregate when there is no food -fruiting bodies are responsible for releasing spores Phylum Euglenophyta: -euglena -mixotrophic -flagella -storage molecule called paramylon Phylum Dinoflagellata aka Pyrrophyta: -red tides -flagella -parasitic, symbiotic, or free-living Phylum Bacillariophyta aka Chrysophyta: -silica shells - pennate & centric Phylum Phaeophyta: -laminaria -kelp -sargassum -holdfast, stipe, blades -algin Phylum Rhodophyta: -agardhiella -carrageenan Phylum Chlorophyta: -volvox -ulva -green algae -common ancestor of land plants Kingdom Fungi: -eukaryotic -heterotrophic -absorb food outside their bodies through exozymes -cell walls made of chitin -Plasmogamy: fusion of cytoplasm -Karyogamy: fusion of two nuclei -saprobes: decomposes dead organic matter Phylum Zygomycota: -saprobes -rhizopus aka black bread mold -pilobus “dung loving” -phototrophic Phylum Ascomycota: -“sac fungi” -ascocarp & ascospores (sexual) -conidia & conidiophores (asexual) -morals, truffles, yeast -peziza, ophiostoma, cryphonectria, penicillium Phylum Basidiomycota: -edible mushrooms -basidiocarp & basidiospores Phylum Deuteromycota: -“imperfect fungi” -athlete’s foot, ringworm, yeast infections Symbiotic Relationships: Mycorrhizae- fungi & plant roots Lichens- fungi & algae (foliose, fruticose, crustose) Kingdom Plantae: -alternation of generations -gametophyte is haploid -sporophyte is diploid -antheridium: male sex organ -archegonium: female sex organ -xylem: transports water -phloem: transports food -460 million years ago transition from aquatic environment to land Division Anthocerophyta: -hornworts -non-vascular -moist habitats -phyllids & caulids -reproduce sexually & asexually Division Bryophyta: -mosses -protonema -phyllids -non-vascular -max photosynthesis at 4-20% -rhizoid anchorage -seta & calyptra -monoecious-antheridia and antheridium in same plant -dioecious-antheridia and antheridium in different plants Division Hepatophyta: -liverworts -phyllids -caulids - Gammae- small balls of cells (haploid) -two flagella Division Lycophyta: -club mosses -“resurrection plant” -stroboli -homospory and heterospory -megaspores and microspores Division Sphenophyta: -horsetails -silica in stems -equisetum Division Pterophyta: -ferns -earliest vascular plants -lack true roots Gymnosperms: -coniferophyta, ginkophyta, cycadophyta, gnetophyta -heterosporous -megaspores in megasporangium Angiosperms: -anthophyta -double fertilization


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