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UD / Human Development / HDFS 202010 / What are the necessities of families?

What are the necessities of families?

What are the necessities of families?


School: University of Delaware
Department: Human Development
Course: Diversity and Families
Professor: Bahira sherif-trask
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: HDFS, hdfs202, humanservices, diversityandfamilies, humandevelopmentandfamilystudies, family, and familystudies
Cost: 50
Name: HDFS 202 Exam #1 Study Guide
Description: HDFS 202: Diversity and Families Exam #1 Study Guide 1
Uploaded: 10/05/2016
4 Pages 94 Views 9 Unlocks

HDFS 202: Diversity and Families

What are the necessities of families?

Exam #1 Study Guide

1. Necessity of families

a. Procreation

b. Socialization

c. Economic security

d. Emotional security

2. Women in the work force

a. Division of labor caused women to lose economic independence b. African American women have always worked

c. Women in the work force regarded as shameful in early 20th century d. Women began working more in 1920s as mass production and large­scale  corporations arose

e. Many women fired or paid less during Great Depression

f. Women became caretakers of husbands in 1950s

g. 60% of women working in the 1960s and beyond; key to marriage 3. Definitions of family

What is the difference between quantitative and qualitative research methods?

a. Official census definition: 2+ persons related by blood, marriage, or adoption b. Informal definition: group of people who love and care for each other 4. Nuclear family and extended family

a. Nuclear: husband, wife, and biological/adopted kids

b. Extended: 2+ generations living with/near each other

5. Demographic trends of families

6. Quantitative and qualitative research methods If you want to learn more check out What was a cult favorite, originally on network tv?

a. Quantitative: numerical

b. Qualitative: non­numerical

c. Survey: systematically collect information through questionnaires/interviews d. Population: everyone you’re interested in studying

e. Sample: subset of the population to be studied

7. Industrial Revolution:

What is the industrial revolution and when did it happen?

a. Late 1700s

b. Exponential growth of western cities

c. Increase in average level of education

d. Physical separation of house and work

e. Decline in birth/death rates

8. Theoretical Approaches

a. Structural Functionalism: nuclear family structure focused on marital bond is  functional for industrial society

b. Social Conflict/Marxism: conflict is natural and inevitable

i. Macro­level: conflict among sexes, social classes, ages, etc.

ii. Micro­level: conflict within families

c. Feminism: gender matters in social relations

i. Gender inequality in home and society

ii. Intersectionality

iii. Legislation on family violence

iv. Equality between husbands and wives

d. Symbolic Interactions: understanding and making meaning through symbols and  symbolic behavior If you want to learn more check out How osmotic lysis and plasmolysis are the exact opposite?

i. Assumptions:

1. Families are marriages studied in their own context

2. Infants must be socialized

3. Must study families in context of their social setting

4. People communicate symbolically and share meanings; respond to  symbolic stimuli

e. Ecological Perspective: interlocking system of family and peer groups,  technology, and cultural norms

i. Individual

ii. Microsystem: family, siblings, peers, school, work

iii. Mesosystem: microsystem interacting within itself

iv. Exosystem: extended family, neighborhood, mass media, parents’  workplace

v. Macrosystem: laws, economy, culture, history, social conditions

9. Matrilineage and patrilineage

a. Matrilineage: what’s passed down on mother’s side

b. Patrilineage: what’s passed down on father’s side

10. Conjugal Family: couple without kids

11. History of US Family

a. Native Americans

i. 300 languages spoken

ii. Mostly patrilineal (75%) We also discuss several other topics like What is the part of the world, country, or state you grow up in, can influence the way you view social capital?

iii. Destroyed by European colonists

b. Colonial 

i. Arrive in 1620

ii. Protestants with strong moral/religious values

iii. Community intervened in marital affairs

iv. Each woman had 6­7 kids, but few survived

v. Settlements contained approx. 100 families

vi. Brought constructs of state government, private property, and class system vii. Large households: nuclear, wealthy people had servants, many house  contained non­relatives

viii. Classes

1. Merchants (upper)

2. Artisans (middle)

3. Laborers (working)

ix. North: villages; South: plantations/farms

x. Women uneducated

c. African American

i. Arrived in 1619 at Jamestown as indentured servants

ii. Lost rights in 1660s

iii. Had trouble finding spouses with the planation system

iv. Lack of freedom unified heritage

v. Legal marriage prohibited

vi. Family unity determined by owner

vii. Jim Crow/Civil Rights: prohibiting slavery If you want to learn more check out What is a linear chain of amino acids?

viii. Legal desegregation of education institutions

ix. New Jim Crow: war on drugs and unfair housing opportunities

d. Mexican American

i. Elite landholders and laborers

ii. Lived in barrios

iii. Outnumbered by immigrants today

e. Asian Immigrants

i. Came over during goldrush of 1850s

ii. Could not marry whites

iii. 1882­WWII: Chinese Exclusion Act

iv. First Japanese to Hawaii in 1880s

12. Changes in the Family

a. Gender roles: shift to women taking care of husbands

b. Familial v. labor market mode of production:

c. Separate spheres:

i. Men’s sphere: business; money is the reward

ii. Women’s sphere: home; purity; affectionate; nurturing

d. True Womanhood: innately pure, virtuous, frail, child caretaker, hide sexuality,  no contraception Don't forget about the age old question of What is paul farmer’s article about?

e. Companionate Family: emphasize companionship and sexuality

f. Modern American Family

i. Tech advancements

1. Less demand for child labor

2. Greater socialization in schools

3. Women work more

4. New social contacts between working men and women

5. Emergence of amusement culture

ii. 1950s families

1. Baby boom renews focus on marriage and kids

2. Highpoint of breadwinner­homemaker model

iii. 1960s families

1. Decreased birth rates

2. Divorce rates up to 50%

3. Marriage postponed

4. Women’s employment is key

5. Civil Rights & Vietnam War are influential

6. Decrease in manufacturing jobs

13. Racial/Ethnic/Minority Groups

a. Racial group: socially defined group distinguished by inherited physical traits b. Ethnic group: group with common origin/religion/language

c. Minority group: subordinate group to the majority in terms of power and prestige 14. Immigration

a. 1820­1880

i. From Northern Europe (Germany/Scandinavia)

ii. Nuclear families

iii. Farmers

iv. Flocked to Midwest

b. 1880­1924

i. From Southern Europe

ii. Many single males

iii. Moved to industrial cities in Northeast and Midwest

c. Chain Migration: family members immigrate one after the other on family ties d. Assimilation: individuals move to a new society and leave behind native culture e. Hart Cellar Act: abolished national origins quota in 1965 If you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of laissez­faire?

f. Modern Immigrants

i. Hispanic

ii. Black

iii. Asian

iv. Native American

v. Middle Eastern

15. Familism/Cohorts/Life course concept

a. Familism: family is more important that the individual

b. Cohorts: generations that can relate due to the time period they grew up in and  their similar experiences

c. Life course concept: analyzing someone’s life through structural and cultural  lenses

16. Globalization: growth and spread of investment, trade, production, communication, and  new technology around the world

17. Urbanization: the modernization of cities and cultures

18. Contemporary migration: more women are now immigrating to different countries than  men

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