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Midterm Study Guide

by: Carly Carlson

Midterm Study Guide SW 2300

Marketplace > University of Utah > Social Work > SW 2300 > Midterm Study Guide
Carly Carlson
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About this Document

Covers material for exam
Social Welfare as an Institution
Jennifer Condon
Study Guide
Progressive Era, socialwork, Social Welfare
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Carly Carlson on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SW 2300 at University of Utah taught by Jennifer Condon in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Social Welfare as an Institution in Social Work at University of Utah.

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Date Created: 10/05/16
Social Work vs. Social Welfare • Social Welfare- quality of life experienced by an individual or the collec tive o Friedlander’s Definition § “Social Welfare encompasses the well -being and interest of large numbers of people including: physical, educational, emotional, mental, economic and emotional needs.” - Friedlander • Social Work- profession that attempts to impro ve quality of life for individuals or a society Value: principle or quality that is considered important to you and influences your behavior John Tropman’s Seven American Values • Work- an individuals attempt to control their own environment, work is usuall y seen as a measure of success in America and can be tied to self -concept o Central-essential to your growth o Instrumental- necessary evil w/ financial reward • Independence- free from demands of external systems, America founded on independence, we fear interd ependence, self reliance is important for American Dream • Individualism- we value uniqueness, Myth à individual is independently in control of their future • Mobility- persons ability to move or change locations demographically and socially • Moralism- assigning judgment, responsibility/fault to a person or event instead of reporting objectively, stems from religion • Status-relative position of an individual within a society o Based on class/$, occupation, educational degree, prestige, power (stems from & and lack of fear)à not earned • Ascription- assigning attributes or qualities to a group w/o knowing them individually à racism, ageism, sexism Causation • Social- social problems are the result of oppressive and unfavorable societal factors à programs to solve problems are gov’t responsibility • Individual- social problems are the result of individuals actions and choicesà should be alleviated through personal applications of psychological theory and therapeutic intervention Political Ideologies • Conservative o Support free market economy and limited government o Profit for individuals is motivator o Role of gov’t should be limited to defending private property rights and maintain social order o Social needs should be met through private organizations, donations • Liberal o Regulated market and activist government o Gov’t responsibility to address common ills o Expand role of government in legislation and programs such as health care, civil rights, environment Policy Definition: collective course of action, set by policymakers, involves th e use of sanctions, to address the needs of some group • Fundamental characteristics o A policy is coercive or constraining for the members of the collective o Typically refers to decisions made at the highest level of the collective o Stated to benefit the collec tive Sanctions Definition: a mechanism for promoting a collectives standard • Regulatory- building codes, zoning, licensing, copyrights • Financial- taxes, contracts, loans, fines, grants Types of Institutions • Economic institutions- seek to make a profit • Political institutions- branches of the gov’t that seek to support, regulate business as well as promote social welfare of the society • Social institutions- entities that seek to provide what economic and/or political institutions are failing to do for the benefit of the collective Four Documents of Freedom • Declaration of Independence o “We hold these truths to be self -evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liber ty and the pursuit of Happiness.” • Articles of Confederation • Constitution o “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution f or the United States of America.” • Bill of Rights Andrew Jackson • The spoils system: He worked to replace as many government employees as possi ble from previous administration. When the President took office he now could bring his new party affiliates with him to his Presidential Cabinet rather than keeping those that had served previously in the past administration. • Laborers Working Hours- shortened the work day, allowing laborers to keep their jobs with reasonable and legally protected hours rather than being threatened/fired if they were not willing to work the long hours demanded of them • Corporations inception- attacked 2 US bank, called for general laws of incorporation, all companies could apply and be approved for establishment regardless of already establish companiesà ending monopolies of companies in towns, cities or states. Trail of Tears • Indian Removal Act of 1830 • Forced migration of Native Americans • Many died as a result Seneca Falls Convention • 1984 in Seneca Falls, New York • Organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretta Mott • First women’s rights convention Pre-Civil War • Differences btwn North and South o South wanted strong state rights, North wanted strong central gov’t o The North wanted land parcels sold off in small portions so that many would have the opportunity to own and work their own land. The South on the other hand wanted large parcels sold to protect and maintain aristocracy and land owners who could already afford their plantatio ns and agricultural monopolies. o The North wanted high tariffs on foreign products so Americans would buy their finished products. And The South wanted low tariffs so they could buy their foreig n ‘wants’ and that when forei gners bought their cotton there would be a tax they could collect Missouri Compromise - measure passed by US Congress to end first a series of crises concerning the extension of slavery. Balance of one state admitted free the ne xt slave. – Maine came in a free state in order for Missouri to be admitted as a slave state. Kansas-Nebraska Act- established the territories of Kansa and Nebraska Freedmans Bureau- U.S. federal gov’t agency that aided distressed freedmen during the recon struction of the South post Civil War • Provided transportation home for refugees and aided in reuniting families. • Distributed rations and medical supplies (first 3 years distributed 21million rations – 6 million of which were to white) • Established 46 hospitals and orphanages • Built 4329 schools – from elementary to Higher Education (Howard and Fisk Universities) • Established Courts in South/Legal Assistance to Freed Slaves The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, known collectively as the Civil War Amendments, designed to ensure equality for recently emancipated slaves. The 13th Amendment banned slavery and all involuntary servitude, except in the case of punishment for a crime. The 14th Amendment defined a citizen as any person born in or naturalized in the U.S., ov erturning the Dred Scott V. Sandford (1857) Supreme Court ruling stating that Black people were not eligible for citizenship. The 15th Amendment prohibited governments from denying U.S. citizens the right to vote based on race, color, or past servitude. Dorothea Dix • American activist who advocated for the mentally ill Josephine Shaw Lowell • Progressive reformer in the 19 century • Advocated for human rights for all and for the eradication of poverty • Created the New York Consumers League in 1890 Jane Addams • “Mother of Social Work” • Brought the settlement house movement from Europe to the U.S. o Six fundamental principles of social work § Emphasized neighborhood services and community development. § Social Welfare became a helping mechanism § Served mostly immigrant populations whose problems were associated with making the transition from rural to urban living from a known culture to an unknown culture. § Clients viewed as able, normal, wanting to work families whom the wealthier upper class were joined in mutual dependence § Neighborhood clubs providing recreational and educational opportunities § Pushed societal reform, social resear ch and social action leading to legislative leadership and political change Charitable Organization Societies - began in the eastern United States during the 1870s to improve the organization of social services due to lack of cooperation between organizations which had led to duplication Mary Ellen Wilson - First Child Abuse Case § The first case of child abuse, Mary was removed from her home and protected as a “small animal” Progressive Era- significant because it originally started as a social movement and then b ecame a political movement Teddy Roosevelt § Developed the "Square Deal," a domestic program formed : conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection § Placed millions of acres of land under federal protection to preserve America's natural resources § Dissolved 44 monopolistic corporations and regulated railroad rates to protect the middle/working class § Passed the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act to better regulate food production and labeling § Negotiated an end to the Russo -Japanese Warà Nobel Prize for this Political Patronage- politician exchanging jobs/favors in return for political support Political Machine- political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses (usually campaign workers), who receive rewards for their efforts Mary Richmond § Social work pioneer, researcher, administrator and author § Important in making social work a profession § Called for schools to train professional soc ial workers § Her book Social Diagnosis was first introduction to social casework, theoretical and practical applications for the profession What Causes Poverty - Theories § Social Class Theory o Poverty is due to inheritable difference o Intelligence is the most important factor § Human Capital Theory o Each individual has skills of “human capital” that the society either does or doesn’t value o People become poor when society d oesn’t value their skills economically § Poverty as a Culture o Cultural beliefs and mentalities regarding life style and expectations are passed on from one generation to the next o People want you to stay in poverty with them § Exploitation o Taking advantage of someone unfairly to benefit from their work o Poverty comes from capitalistic system in which wealthy benefit from taking advantage of poor § Institutional Discrimination o Deeply embedded practices that are practiced by institutions that serve as gate keepers to a society o Inability to change social class o


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