New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

SOC 204

by: Rachel Justice

SOC 204 SOC 204-002

Rachel Justice
GPA 3.5

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Steps in the sociological research process
Introduction to Sociology
Sally K. Gallagher
Study Guide
Introduction to Sociology
50 ?




Popular in Introduction to Sociology

Popular in Sociology

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel Justice on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 204-002 at Oregon State University taught by Sally K. Gallagher in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Oregon State University.


Reviews for SOC 204


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/05/16
SOC 204­ American Sociological Association's (ASA's) Code of Ethics / Research Ethics Notes I. What­ sets forth the principles and ethical standards that underlie sociologists' professional  responsibilities and conduct. These principles and standards should be used as  guidelines  when examining everyday professional activities. II. Components      A. Professional Competence            1. broad professional knowledge, attitude, and skills required in order to work in a    specialized area or profession      B. Integrity           1. Honesty           2. Fairness           3. Respectful      C. Professional and Scientific Responsibility           1. standard of research(Internal Review Board IRB­ sociologists who are members of the    ASA submit research proposal to the IRB who then vetoes or approves)               a. respect for persons­ do not harm the individuals involved in the research           2. be interestedly neutral­ be fully engaged, listen (no bias), inform/voluntary consent           3. be fair and accountable with colleagues III. Respect for people’s rights, dignity, and diversity IV. Socially Responsible V.  Doing Sociology on the Sociologists      A. Who are early sociologists?           1. Auguste Comte (1788­1857)               a. Context: French Revolution                                  ­ Religion/Theology seemed less relevant                                  ­ Need for “new science” that combined social criticism and methods of                              natural science             2. called new discipline sociology as highest science emerging out of math, physics,    chemistry, and biology (dethroned theology as the “queen of science”           3. Wrote the book Logical Puritanism­ application of sociology to solve social problems      B. Harriet Martineau (1803­1876)           1. Context: Emerging America           2. Theory: First feminist theorist and abolitionist           3. Question: Why do slavery and subordination of women exist in individualist “free”    societies?           4. Application: predicted that slavery would split the states ( and it later did)      C. Karl Marx (1818­1883)           1. Context: Industrial Revolution           2. Theory: Historic Materialism {PRIMARY COMPONENT} (historic change overtime/      how we lived with economic materials)            3. Question: Why is there class conflict?                    4. Class conflict             a. capitalist own and control most of production (raw materials, factories, labor)             b. proletariat (workers) were exploited (recognized they were not getting paid enough)      and alienated (characteristic of life of proletariat)             c. global revolution=classless society    D. Emile Durkheim (1848­1917)         1. Context: Industrial Revolution in France (wanted to make the case between sociology and psychology         2. Theory: sociology is objective to science               a. study of social facts:                  ­ society is more than the sum of individuals                  ­ society shapes behavior not just psychology and biology          3. Social construction of reality              a. choices collectively shape society          4. Question: Why does society hold together? what is the basis of social cohesion?          5. He wrote the book Suicide­ he studied suicide rate in Protestant (they protested: how do   you know who is in charge, the bible is the only way to go) vs Catholic (Pope  and has a   social structure areas)          6. 3 Social contexts for suicide:              ­ loss of meaning/ breakdown of consensus              ­ loneliness (egoistic)              ­ over identification (altruistic­ abandon life and hope) *Personal choice is socially constructed*      E. Max Weber (1864­1920)          1. Context: Industrial Revolution          2. Theory: “sympathetic understanding”          3. Question: How do ideas change societies? (OPPOSITE OF MARX)      F. George Herbert Mead (1863­1931) [Sociologist moves into 20th century]          1. Context: Modern Society          2. Theory: “symbolic interactionism” (from micro to macro)          3. Life is a drama: “front stage” behavior­ public, interactions with people vs “back stage”   behavior­ personal, private interactions (How does the setting affect the  relationship) *SUMMARY OF EARLY SOCIOLOGISTS*   Similarities— observed social and economic change                           advocated systematic (scientific observations)   Differences—  role of material life vs ideas                           how “scientific” sociology can be                           in focus on “macro” vs “micro”  *Theory (seeks to explain the social world     ­ Comte: scientific critique of society     ­ Martineau: social inequality (race)     ­ Marx: basis of class conflict (fiction between classes)     ­ Durkheim: social cohesion     ­ Weber: get into others’ experience in order to understand their lifestyle


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.