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BIBL 101 Exam 1 Notes

by: Hailey Barns

BIBL 101 Exam 1 Notes BIBL 101.T02

Hailey Barns


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About this Document

These notes cover what will be on our first exam.
Jesus: His Life and Teachings
Dr. Cliff Barbarick
Study Guide
The, Gospel, Of, MARK
50 ?




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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hailey Barns on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIBL 101.T02 at Abilene Christian University taught by Dr. Cliff Barbarick in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Jesus: His Life and Teachings in Bible at Abilene Christian University.


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Date Created: 10/05/16
For the Bible test today: Memorize the verse on Bible Minded Write about the messianic secret  Definition  Why is it used?  Two examples Study Guide: Discuss the historical background to the composition of Gospel of Mark. Who wrote it and why do we think so? Does the Gospel of Mark identify its author? What does Papias say about the writing of this Gospel? What city is it associated with? What was happening to Christians in that city? When was it written? Do we have the original copy of Mark? What about the endings to Mark? Which one is probably authentic and why? Mark was most likely written between 65-73 CE. It is traditionally attributed to be written by Mark, the follower of Peter, who is identified with the John Mark of Acts. Papias said that Mark, in his capacity as Peter's interpreter, wrote down accurately as many things as he recalled from memory—though not in an ordered form—of the things either said or done by the Lord. It is located in Rome, under the rule of Nero, where Christians are being persecuted. No, like the other gospels, we only have copies and various interpretations. The authentic ending to Mark is probably Mark 16:9-20. It ends abruptly with Mary Magdalene finding the tomb empty, seeing angels that tell her of his rise, and fleeing, with no mention of Jesus’ appearance to the disciples. Study the “On the way” section of Mark thoroughly. What is it? Where is Jesus going? What stories mark the beginning and ending of the section and why? How do the disciples respond to Jesus’ predictions? What is the importance of Peter’s role in this section? The central portion of Mark that describes Jesus and his disciples traveling to Jerusalem. It is located within Mark 8:22- 10:52. The section begins with the healing of the blind man in Bethsaida and ends with the healing of Bartimaeus in Jericho, and contains three passion predictions in between each story. The disciples do not understand these predictions and Jesus must correct them each time. Peter declares that Jesus is the Christ is this section. What is special about the healing of the blind man in Bethsaida? How does it relate to the “On the Way” section of Mark? It occurs in two stages, Jesus cannot heal him immediately. It begins the “On The Way” section of Mark, and prefaces the “blindness” of the disciples. Discuss the role of the disciples in the narrative of Mark. Are they portrayed positively or negatively? How do they respond to Jesus’ miracles? How do they respond to Jesus’ arrest? Who might they represent? The disciples are portrayed very negatively by Mark. They often respond with awe to the miracles, but continue to doubt Jesus and misunderstand his predictions. They attempt to fight back foolishly, and are once again terrified and confused. They might represent all of God’s children as naïve and questioning. Study titles in the Gospel of Mark. What does “Son of God” mean and who calls Jesus by this title? What about “King of the Jews”? What might that title mean in 1st century Palestine? How does that title function literarily in the Gospel? It means fully divine, many that he heals and during his trial. King of the Jews is only used during the trial, it might be used to represent blasphemy against the King or the head of a persecuted people. Know the terms having to do with disgust psychology: Contact, Dose Insensitivity, Permanence, and Negativity Dominance. How did purity function in ancient Jewish society? How does Jesus handle pure/impure differently from most Jews of the time? Contact: Contamination is caused by contact of physical proximity Dose Insensitivity: Small amounts of pollutant can contaminate Permanence: Once something is contaminated, nothing can purify it again Negativity Dominance: Pollutants contaminate pure objects, not the other way around. Purity was extremely important in Jewish society, but Jesus disregarded the traditional rules and reached out to the impure, even purifying them. What role do children play in the Gospel of Mark? According to Malbon, who/what do they represent literarily? Jesus teaches that one cannot enter the kingdom of God unless they become like a child, Malbon says that children represent powerlessness. How does Mark use geography and boundaries in the Gospel? What is important about the Sea of Galilee? On the left side of the Sea of Galilee is where the Jews reside, and on the right the Gentiles. When Jesus crosses back and forth across the sea, he is ministering to all people. What is the significance of Jesus’ miracles and parables in the Gospel of Mark? How do the function within the messianic secret? Often, Jesus tells those that he heals not to tell anyone of the miracle, keeping the messianic secret apparent throughout the Gospel of Mark. How does Mark 1 set the scene for the ministry of Jesus? What role does the “Kingdom of God” play? Does Mark have a birth narrative? It begins with the proclamation of Jesus’ coming by John the Baptist, in addition to Jesus’ baptism, temptation, summoning of the disciples, preaching, and healing. The “Kingdom of God” is not actually a place, but a ministry that is brought by Jesus. Mark does not have a birth narrative. Study the interaction of fear and faith with Jesus’ disciples. What stories help illustrate this interaction well? Walking on the sea, healing many, passion predictions Study the parable of the sower. Who represents which soil? Where do the disciples fit in this parable? The disciples represent the poor soil thorny soil represents ruler and the rich Mark uses a number of special literary features, what are some important ones and what significance do they have? Apply this literary device to the stories of the hemorrhaging woman and the disruption of the Temple. Markian sandwich What is eschatology? What section in Mark is highly eschatological? Is this section meant to predict precisely when Jesus will return? Theology concerned with death, life, and judgment. Mark 13, no, it states that God only knows the day and the hour. Study the different Jewish sects in 1st century Palestine. Who were they and what were their major beliefs/desires/teachings? As well, how did each relate to the Roman government? Pharisees: religious leaders, middle class, often called hypocrites by Jesus Sadducees: Rich high priests, not mentioned often Essenes: Considered themselves separate people, wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls Zealots: Assassins, often planned revolts Study the extra-biblical witnesses (i.e., Josephus, Tacitus, etc.) to Jesus and the early Christians. What do they say about Jesus? What do they not say about Jesus? What languages were spoken in Galilee during Jesus’ lifetime? What language(s) did Jesus speak? What language(s) was used to write the New Testament? Aramaic, the New Testament was originally written in Greek Discuss the role of resurrection in 1st century Judaism. What is its relation to eschatology? What Jewish sects (including early Christianity) did and did not believe in the resurrection? How did early Christians see the relation of the New Testament to the Old Testament? What about Marcion? Study the Macabbean period. Why did the Jews revolt? Who did the Jews revolt against? Who was the main leader of the Jewish revolt (both nickname and real name)? What Jewish dynasty was a result of that revolt? The Jews revolted against Antiochus, who forbid Jewish religious practice and insisted they worship Greek Gods, Mattathias the Hasmonean led the revolt, caused the Hasmonean dynasty Study Herod the Great. What important building projects did he supervise? What was his relation to the Jews? Harbor at Ceasarea, refurbishing the Jewish temple, several fortresses, considered himself half Jewish but was seen as a Roman collaborator and foreigner to Jews. Study the formation of the New Testament Canon. What criteria were employed to establish a book as fit to make the Canon? What are some books that did not make the canon and why? Why is Athanasius important? Apostolic tradition, a Catholic priest that aided in the formation of the canon What Jewish sect did the Qumran community most likely belong to? Why are they important for the study of the New Testament? Probably a part of the Essenes sect. They wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls? Around what date was Jesus born? Who had control of Galilee at the time of his birth? Herod Besides the short-lived and relatively restricted Hasmonean dynasty, Jews did not have political control of Judea. Going back to the exile, what major Empires controlled Judea? Rome What is Hellenization? Who brought it about and by what means? What tools were used insure Hellenization? What affects did this have on the Jews, particularly with regards to their Bible? The spread of Greek culture, started by Alexander the Great, persecution What is the “Messianic Secret”? Do the Disciples understand it? What are different terms for Messiah in Greek, English and Hebrew? What it is: The Messianic Secret refers to a motif primarily in the Gospel of Mark in which Jesus is portrayed as commanding his followers to silence about his Messianic mission. The disciples do not understand it, especially Peter, who is rebuked when he tries to proclaim it. Jesus keeps it a secret because during the time of his ministry, first century Palestine was searching for a political liberator as their Messiah that would free them from Roman rule. The nation did not understand that the Messiah was not only meant to be a political revolutionary, but a suffering servant. Because of these false expectations, Jesus kept his true identity a secret so that he would not encourage these incomplete assumptions and bring forth the wrath of the Roman government before the appointed time. Examples: 1:23-25 – A man is possessed by an evil spirit, who proclaims Jesus to be the Son of God. Jesus quiets him and brings him out of the man. 5:43 – Jesus is asked to visit a synagogue leaders home to heal a young girl. When he arrives, she has already passed. Jesus commands her to wake up and she is healed. Jesus insists that no one may tell. 8:30 – Peter proclaims that Jesus is the Messiah, and Jesus commands the disciples not to tell anyone.


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