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Biology, Week 5 notes

by: Genesis Perez

Biology, Week 5 notes Bio 100

Marketplace > Penn State Abington > Biology > Bio 100 > Biology Week 5 notes
Genesis Perez
Penn State Abington

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About this Document

These note covers the notes for chapter 5, for the next exam.
The Study of Life
Professor McGuire
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Genesis Perez on Wednesday October 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 100 at Penn State Abington taught by Professor McGuire in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see The Study of Life in Biology at Penn State Abington.

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Date Created: 10/05/16
Chapter 5 The structure and function of large biological molecules Synthesis and breakdown of polymers 1 OH-H-H-H-0H H-H-H a To tie these together water has to be removed in a process called dehydration or condensation. 2 Hydrolysis: breakdown polymers by adding H2O Polymer and monomer 1 Polymer--polysaccharide lipid (fa protein nucleic. Large unit composed of subunits of monomers 2 Monomers-- monosaccharide glycerol and fatty acid. Ammonia Sugars 1 Sugars carbohydrate: literary hydrogen and carbon. (CH2O) a Trioses b Tetrode c Pentose d Hexose When the carbonyl is at the end of a molecule is called Aldoses. When the carbonyl is anywhere else is called a Ketoses. Carbohydrate ring structure 1 There are different ways for writing a structure 2 Disaccharide means two 3 Two combined carbohydrates (or a bond with other structures) are called glyosidic linkage 4 Combining many bonds together is called a polysaccharide. 5 Glucose burns energy 6 It's important to know that not all carbohydrates are soluble. a Ex: cellulose (opposite to starch ) Fatty acids 1 We use them for energy. But we do not store fatty acids, the body transfer it to glycerol molecules. a Triglyceride: the energy storage of body fat in humans and animals. b Adipocytes: cells that store excess energy into fat. 2 Saturated fats have no double bonds-- which allows the molecules to pack (Ex: butter ) 3 Unsaturated fats have double bonds-- room temperature cooking oil. Amphipathic 1 "Both"- "sympathy"-- this means that is both hydrophobic and hydrophilic. 2 Phospholipids is the structure of the cell membrane.


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