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Personality Psych exam 1 review

by: Alexander Dellemann

Personality Psych exam 1 review Psych 205-401

Alexander Dellemann
GPA 3.17

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About this Document

covers chapters 1-2, chapter 1 is the basics and chapter 2 is mainly vocabulary
Introduction to Personality
Marcellus M. Merritt
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexander Dellemann on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 205-401 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Marcellus M. Merritt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Personality in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.

Similar to Psych 205-401 at UWM

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)


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Date Created: 10/06/16
Exam One Review (Chapters 1-2)  Personality- Someone’s usual pattern of behavior, feelings and thoughts o Affected and influenced by many factors  Parenting  Genetics  Peers  Birth order  Culture  Why do we care about personality? o Predict behavior o Test compatibility o Determine individuality o Introspection o See consistency o A simple desire to know what makes a person unique  Terms to know o Conscientiousness-being neat, organized, and achievement oriented o Situation-the other people and the physical environment surrounding a person o Extraversion-whether the person is: outgoing, assertive and or talkative o Introversion-Whether the person is shy, and or reserved o Person-situation interaction-when the persona and situation work together to determine behavior  4 factors/ situations dealing with personality  Impacted by experiences  Responding differently to same situations  Choosing their situations  Changing the situation  Two types of debates people relate to personality o Person-situation debate: the view that stable personality traits predict behavior versus the view that personality doesn’t really exist and the situation is much more important o Nature nurture debate: the view that genetics cause personality traits versus the view that the environment causes personality traits  The personality hub o Social psychology o Industrial-Organizational Psychology o Clinical Psychology o Neuroscience o Developmental Chapter 2  Terms and Vocabulary o Acquiescence response set: when respondents tend to be very agreeable with many items on a questionnaire. o Barnum effect: Believing in vague and generally positive statements about oneself. Ie: Horoscopes. o Correlation: statistical relationship between two variables o Convergent validity: when a scale correlates with other similar scales o Confounding variables: an outside variable that relates to the primary variables. Aka third variables o Cronbach’s alpha: statistical measure of internal reliability/ the average correlation between every combination of questions. o Discriminant validity: scales should not relate to unrelated scales. o Dependent variable: the outcome that is supposed to be measured. The outcome that affected by the experiment etc. o Face validity: at face value, scale items appear to measure what they should o Internal reliability: when all items on a questionnaire measure the same thing o Informant reports: family or friends report on subject’s personality first-hand o Intercoder reliability: when people use a set of rules, when coding/writing information, and agree it meets certain criteria o Likert scale: a questionnaire with numbers based on how much someone agrees or disagrees with something o Longitudinal study: collection information on consistent subjects, over a longer period of time. Ie: doctors who watch over patients for multiple years, and collect data once a year etc. o Mean: the average in a set of numbers o Median: the exact middle number, in a set of numbers o Mode: which number occurs the most in a set of numbers o Meta-analysis: when you analyze the results of many studies, dealing with the same topic o Null correlation: two variables that are not related o Negative correlations: if one variable is high, then the other tends to be low o Normal distribution: when most subjects tend to score near the middle and less on the poles/sides. AKA Bell Curve o Personality assessment: the multiple ways we measure personality o Positive correlations: if one variable is high, the other tends to be high as well o Predictive validity: when a scale is related to a concrete behavior o Physiological measures: measurements correlating with physical reactions. Ie Heart rate o Reverse-scored items: items scored in opposite direction from responses (helps balance out acquiescence responses) o Reliability: consistency o Self-report measure: when people are asked to report and rate their own personality o Standard deviation: a measure of spread around the mean o Triangulation: utilizing multiple methods of research to answer the same question, to get a more accurate and certain answer


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