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by: Ryley Kamiya

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# PHIL 106 Exam 1 Guide PHIL 106

Ryley Kamiya
Cal State Fullerton

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COURSE
Philosophy 106: Introduction to Logic
PROF.
Heather Battaly
TYPE
Study Guide
PAGES
2
WORDS
CONCEPTS
philosophy
KARMA
50 ?

## Popular in Humanities and Social Sciences

This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ryley Kamiya on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHIL 106 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Heather Battaly in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Philosophy 106: Introduction to Logic in Humanities and Social Sciences at California State University - Fullerton.

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Date Created: 10/06/16
PHIL 106 Exam 1 Guide 1. True/False (Validity/Soundness)  Valid: o T, T, T o F, F, F o T, F, T  Invalid; o T, T, F o T, T, T o F, F, F o F, F, T 2. Definitions:  Logic o The study of evaluating arguments  Argument o A statement together with some reasons to back it  Deductive o If and only if its premises try to/have the same goal of/are supposed to  guarantee the truth of its conclusion  Valid o If and only if it is impossible for all its premises to be true and its  conclusion to be false  Invalid o If and only if it is possible for all its premises to be true and its  conclusion to be false  Soundness o Argument is sound if and only if it is valid AND all of its premises are  actually true  Categorical Syllogism o Is a deductive argument o Contains exactly 3 categorical propositions (A, E, I, O) o All totaled up, those propositions contain exactly 3 different terms o Each of those terms appears in exactly 2 of the propositions 3. Argument vs. Non­Argument:  Non­Argument:  o Contradiction  o Conditional (If...Then...) o Squabble/Insults o Description 4. Argument vs. Explanation:  Explanation o Explanandum (Q): Claim being explained o Explanan (P): Statement(s) explaining the Q 5. Venn Diagrams for Categorical Propositions:  A: All (= 0)  E: No (= 0) SP SP S P  I: Some are (=/= 0)  O: Some are not (=/=0) SP 6. 3 Venn Diagrams (Special Standard Form, Mood, Figure, Valid/Invalid):  Special Standard Form: o Major Premise o Minor Premise o Conclusion  Figure: o 1.  o 2.  | o 3. | o 4. /  Valid/Invalid: o Yes: premises diagram includes all that's in conclusion diagram  X on the line: o If both premises are particular, x goes on the line of the term that is not mentioned in the premises you are graphing at the time  Mix of I & O = 2 x’s on the line

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