POLS 110 Practice Exam (for exam 2)
POLS 110 Practice Exam (for exam 2) POLS 110
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lindsey Rindal on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POLS 110 at University of Kansas taught by Dr. Mark Joslyn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to US Politics in American History at University of Kansas.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Practice Exam 2: Electric Boogaloo 1. The right to bear arms most closely matches which concept? a. Civil rights b. The sixth amendment c. Civil liberties d. Dual citizenship 2. An internet user’s post on Facebook is removed. They believe that it was due to their political views. There was nothing hateful in the message, nor any calls for violence. He writes another post stating that his 1 amendment right to free speech is being violated. What concept best applies? a. Civil rights b. Civil liberties c. Speech plus d. None of the above 3. Which best applies to the issue of dual citizenship? a. The 14 amendment was ratified and immediately the Bill of Rights was applied to state and local governments. th b. The 14 amendment was ratified and slowly “incorporated” per individual ruling by the Supreme Court c. Barron v. Baltimore ruled that there is no difference between state and local government in terms of the Bill of Rights. d. State and local governments have been bound by the Bill of Rights sense its founding. 4. How has the interpretation of the 1 amendment changed over time? a. Nothing has changed. b. Broadly, the court has restricted 1 amendment rights c. Broadly, the court has expanded 1 amendment rights. 5. What are the Lemon test and the O’Brien test? a. The terms used to describe the challenges of civil rights protesters of the 1960’s b. The challenges to “separate but equal” after Plessy v. Ferguson. c. Aframework for judicial decisions that ensure government interests do not st infringe on 1 amendment rights. d. The lemon test, or “lemon grab test” was a major restriction on civil liberties that the O’Brien test later found to be unacceptable. 6. What was the first incorporation of the Bill of Rights by the Supreme Court? a. Right to bear arms b. Freedom from warrantless search and seizure c. Free exercise of religion d. Eminent domain 7. What was the most recent incorporation of the Bill of Rights by the Supreme Court? a. Right to bear arms b. Freedom from warrantless search and seizure c. Free exercise of religion d. Eminent domain 8. In 1937, when the constitutional revolution in federalism began, what was the reaction by the Supreme Court? a. Amore active role in the area of commerce and a more active role in applying the rights and civil liberties to all citizens b. Amore active role in the area of commerce and a more passive role in applying the rights and civil liberties to all citizens c. Amore passive role in the area of commerce and a more active role in applying the rights and civil liberties to all citizens d. Amore passive role in the area of commerce and a more passive role in applying the rights and civil liberties to all citizens 9. The establishment clause pertains to what? a. The 1 amendment and religion b. The 5 amendment and self-incrimination c. The 2 amendment and the right to bear arms th d. The 4 amendment and government search and seizure 10. Apolice officer goes into a house without a warrant, finds evidence of a crime, which concept best applies? a. Miranda rights b. Prior restraint c. Exclusionary rule d. Right to privacy 11. The right to privacy is formed through a zone of privacy from which three amendments? a. 1 , 2 , and 3 rd b. 1 , 3 , and 4 th c. 1 , 6 , and 8 th rd th th d. 3 , 4 , and 5 12. Plessy v. Ferguson did what? a. Established the equal protection clause b. Established intermediate scrutiny c. Struck down a fire arms ordinance d. Established the “Separate but equal” rule 13. Brown v. Board of Education altered the constitutional framework how? a. By giving the states more power of self-regulation of discriminatory practices b. States lost power for legal discrimination on the basis of race and color and gave the federal government regulatory power over states, local governments, school boards, employers, and other parts of the private sector c. By allowing individuals to take all cases of discrimination to the Supreme Court directly d. States, local governments, school boards, employers and other parts of the private sector were given greater freedom in their ability to challenge discrimination by the federal government 14. What significant piece of legislation helped de-segregation efforts after Brown v. Board of education? a. The EducationAct of 1972 b. Civil RightsAct of 1962 c. 1965 Immigration and National ServicesAct d. The Voting RightsAct of 1965 15. The 24 amendment does what? a. Prohibits poll taxes b. Allowed women the right to vote c. Established that all persons under arrest must be informed of their legal rights d. Expanded education and medical care to illegal immigrants 16. Racial segregation that is not a direct result of law or government policy but is, instead a reflection of residential patterns, income distributions, or other social factors refers to de facto segregation a. True b. False 17. Racial segregation that is a direct result of law or official policy refers to de jure segregation a. True b. False 18. What judicial test is used in gender discrimination cases? a. Strict scrutiny b. Rational basis review c. O’Brien test d. Intermediate scrutiny 19. Which Supreme Court cases are related to affirmative action? a. Regents of the University of California v. Bakke b. Adarand Constructors v. Pena c. Gratz v. Bollinger d. Grutter v. Bollinger 20. What is preclearance? a. Aprocedure that requires certain states to get approval from the Department of Justice or the Federal District Court in the District of Columbia b. Ajudicial procedure that is used to determine whether an individual is entitled to due process c. Atest used to determine whether the federal government’s use of prior restraint is appropriate d. Arestriction on the right to privacy based on having obtained sufficient evidence for a warrant 21. Which amendment granted women voting rights? a. 18 th b. 19 th c. 20 th d. 21 st 22. United States v. Wong Kim Ark did what? a. Established the equal protection clause b. Established the right to counsel during police interrogations c. Established birthright citizenship to children of foreign citizens d. Established the “Separate but equal” rule 23. Which of the following is not true? a. Burning the flag is an allowable forms of speech b. Libel and slander are unprotected speech c. The right to a grand jury was incorporated by the 14 amendment to apply to state criminal prosecution The fifth amendment protects against double jeopardy d. 24. Gideon v. Wainwright did what? a. Established the equal protection clause b. Established the right to counsel during police interrogations c. Established birthright citizenship to children of foreign citizens d. Established the “Separate but equal” rule 25. Police arrest a woman after witnesses report her stabbing a young man. The police failed to provide counsel and she was never given her Miranda warnings a. This is an example of a violation of her right to due process b. This is an example of the exclusionary rule c. This is an example of prior restraint d. This is an example of the lemon test 26. Speech plus refers to speech on social media or private spaces a. True b. False 27. Access to birth control and abortion are legally justified by what? a. The eighth amendment; protection from cruel and unusual punishment b. The third, fourth, and fifth amendment; the right to self-preservation The third, fourth, and fifth amendment; the right to not be excessively annoyed c. The third, fourth, and fifth amendment; the right to privacy d. The head of a newspaper agency wants to publish confidential information that could 28. affect national security. What two court cases are relevant to his situation? a. Roe v. Wade and Baron v. Baltimore b. Texas v. Johnson and Escobedo v. Illinois c. Near v. Minnesota and New York Times v. United States d. New York Times v. United States and Texas v. Johnson 29. Rights are absolute a. True b. False 30. Schenk v. United Sates established what test? a. Lemon test b. O’Brien test c. Intermediate scrutiny d. Clear and Present danger 31. Schenk in Schenk v. United States lost his case a. True b. False 32. In a fictional scenario, two cases have been picked up by the Supreme Court. One involves a ban on public nudity and another on certain guns. Given what we know about the political context past and current, what can we expect? a. There will be a greater focus on individual rights for both cases b. There will be greater focus on individual rights for public nudity and greater focus on collective interests for guns. c. There will be greater focus on collective interests for public nudity and greater focus on individual rights for guns. There will be a greater focus on collective interests for both cases d. Ateacher asks their students to pray with them. This is a violation of the establishment 33. clause. a. True b. False 34. Astudent asks two friends from church to pray together before their meal at lunch. This is a violation of the establishment clause a. True b. False 35. Who provided the opinion in Schenk v. United States? a. William Brenan b. Oliver Wendell Holmes c. Hugo Black d. John Glover Roberts jr. 36. Who said “I wholly disapprove of what you say, but will defend to the death your right to say it” a. John Locke b. Walter Lippmann c. Voltaire d. Oliver Wendell Holmes 37. What profession did Walter Lippmann use in making an argument for free speech? a. Teacher b. Lawyer c. Doctor d. Singer 38. Walter Lipmann makes the connection between free speech and truth a. True b. False 39. Albion W. Tourgée did what? Litigated for the plaintiff in the Plessy v. Ferguson case a. Litigated for the defendant in the Plessy v. Ferguson case b. Wrote the dissent in the Plessy v. Ferguson case c. d. Wrote the majority opinion in the Plessy v. Ferguson case 40. Topeka, Kansas was relevant to what major Supreme Court case? a. Plessy v. Ferguson b. Brown v. Board of Education c. Schenk v. United States d. Lawrence v. Texas 41. How did same-sex marriage become legal in all 50 states? a. Congress repealed DOMAand proposed national legislation for same sex- marriage b. The president is ignoring certain aspects of DOMA, thereby indirectly legalizing same-sex marriage c. The Supreme Court in United States v. Windsor d. The Supreme Court in Obergefell v. Hodges 42.Rigid numerical quotas are allowable in the use of affirmative action a. True b. False Exam 2 Practice Exam Answers 1. A 2. D (The 1 amendment only protects against restrictions from government entities) 3. B 4. C 5. C 6. D 7. A 8. C 9. A 10.C 11.D 12.D 13.B 14. B 15. A 16. A 17. A 18. D 19. A, B, C, D 20. A 21. B 22. C 23.C 24.B 25.A 26.B 27.D 28.C 29.B 30.D 31.A 32.C 33. A 34. B 35. B 36. C 37. C 38. A 39. A 40. B 41. D (DOMA was partially struck down in the Windsor case but same-sex marriage did not become legally recognized by all 50 states until the Obergefell case in June 2015) 42.B
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