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This 18 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lindsey Rindal on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POLS 110 at University of Kansas taught by Dr. Mark Joslyn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Introduction to US Politics in American History at University of Kansas.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Introduction to U.S. Politics Practice Exam 1 09/15/16 Note: This is not a substitute for studying but an extra resource! 1. An agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that every slave would count as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of the apportionment of seats a. Three-fifths compromise b. Great Compromise c. New Jersey Compromise d. Southern Compromise 2. What Supreme Court Case expanded federal government power through their interpretation of the “Necessary and Proper” Clause a. Marbury v. Madison b. United States v. Lopez c. Hammer v. Dagenhart d. McCulloch v. Maryland 3. What Supreme Court Case established Judicial Review? a. Marbury v. Madison b. Dred Scott v. Sanford c. Hammer v. Dagenhart d. McCulloch v. Maryland 4. Dred Scott v. Sanford did what? a. Determined the Missouri Compromise to be unconstitutional b. Established the power of Judicial Review c. Struck down a federal law that barred handguns near schools, limiting the congressional powers first in this way since the New Deal d. Expanded federal government power through their interpretation of the “Necessary and Proper” Clause e. Choose the appropriate times related to evolution of the federal system: 5. Dual Federalism a. 1789-1834 b. 1835-1930 c. 1930-1970’s d. 1970’s + 6. Cooperative Federalism a. 1789 – 1834 b. 1835 – 1930 c. 1930 – 1970 d. 1970’s + 7. Nationalization a. 1789 – 1834 b. 1835 – 1930 c. 1930 – 1970 d. 1970’s + 8. Regulated Federalism a. 1789 – 1834 b. 1835 – 1930 c. 1930 – 1970 d. 1970’s + 9. New Federalism a. 1789 – 1834 b. 1835 – 1930 c. 1930 – 1970 d. 1970’s + 10. What is the difference between Federalism and Separation of powers? a. Separation of powers seeks to limit government by dividing into two levels, national and state; Federalism seeks to limit government by dividing the powers of government such as the legislative, judicial, and executive branches. b. Federalism seeks to limit government by dividing into two levels, national and state; Separation of powers seeks to limit government by dividing the powers of government such as the legislative, judicial, and executive branches. c. They both refer to the same thing. d. None of the above 11. Home rule refers to what: a. Adelegation to a national political convention casting its entire vote as a unit as determined by a majority vote b. Alegal doctrine holding states cannot be sued for violating an act of congress c. The power delegated by the state to a local unit of government to manage its own affairs d. The right of a government to take property that will serve the public good, with reasonable compensation awarded for the property. 12. What body of power has the ability to Declare war? a. Executive b. Legislative c. Judicial d. The people, through a direct democratic vote 13. Which of the following is not connected to Separation of Powers? a. The three separate branches of government b. Different methods of selecting the top personnel; a “mixed regime” c. Checks and balances, a system that gives each branch some powers over others d. Federalism 14. Anew amendment to the constitution is proposed. What needs to happen: a. Passage by 3/4 of the House and Senate and ratification by ¾ of state legislatures b. Passage by 2/3 of the House and Senate and ratification by ¾ of state legislatures c. Passage by 2/3 of the House and Senate and ratification by the President d. Passage by 2/3 of the House and Senate and ratified via consent of ¾ of Supreme Court judges. 15. Expanding the scope of conflict benefits whom? a. Those already winning b. Those losing c. Nobody d. The President 16. Localizing the scope of conflict benefits whom? a. Those already winning b. Those losing c. Everybody d. Congressmen 17. Thinking of the Constitution as a “human document” means: a. It is the byproduct of compromise b. It is an ideologically pure document c. It is a Divine document d. It was made from human flesh 18. According to the textbook, which of the following is NOT associated with the expansion of democratic politics? a. National unity and development b. Internal conflict such as class conflict and social disorder c. The rise of other nation states and the cost of defense d. The proliferation of the public school system Which of the following are incorrectly matched? 19. Federalist: a. Small farmers, frontiersmen, debtors, and shopkeepers b. Believed that elites were best fit to govern; feared “excessive democracy” c. Favored retention of power by state governments and protection of individual rights d. Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, James Madison 20. Antifederalists a. Property owners, creditors, and merchants b. Believed that government should be closer to the people; feared concentration of power in the hands of elites c. Favored strong national government; believed in “filtration” so that only elites would obtain governmental power d. Patrick Henry, George Mason, Elbridge Gerry, and George Clinton 21. Why were the farmers involved in Shay's Rebellion so discontent? a. They were facing foreclosure on their land b. They wanted Benjamin Franklin, not George Washington to become President c. It was warm and their wigs were really starting to make their head itchy d. British soldiers continued to police them 22. How many of the 55 attending delegates went on to sign the constitution? How many dissented? a. 39;3 b. 52;3 c. 30;10 d. 30;15 23. Apolitical scientist wants to compare economic growth to the amount of legislation passed in congress. What term best applies: a. Causation b. Correlation c. Inebriation d. Frequency 24. The President serves for: a. 2 years b. 4 years c. 6 years d. Life 25. Senators serve for: a. 2 years b. 4 years c. 6 years d. Life 26. Congressmen (the title for members serving in the House of Representatives) serve for: a. 2 years b. 4 years c. 6 years d. Life 27. Members of the Supreme Court serve for: a. 2 years b. 4 years c. 6 years d. Life 28. Members of the House of Representatives are selected by: a. Appointment via state legislature b. By the people, on the basis of large state population representation c. By the people, on the basis of small state representation (2 per state) d. Indirectly by the electoral college 29. Members of the Senate are selected by: a. Appointment via state legislature b. By the people, on the basis of large state population representation c. By the people, on the basis of small state size representation (2 per state) d. Indirectly by the electoral college 30. The President is selected by: a. Appointment via state legislature b. By the people, on the basis of large state population representation c. By the people, on the basis of small state size representation (2 per state) d. Indirectly by the electoral college 31. Supreme Court Justices are selected by: a. Appointed by The House of Representatives, and confirmed by the president b. Appointed by judicial districts, and confirmed by The House of Representatives c. Appointed by the President, and confirmed by the Senate d. Appointed by The Senate, and Confirmed by the President 32. Of the following, which are shared powers/concurrent powers: a. Taxation b. Law enforcement c. Printing money d. Building roads e. Declare war f. Sign treaties g. Issue licenses 33. Of the following, which are reserved powers or those that belong to the state (i.e. state right’s) a. Taxation b. Law enforcement c. Printing money d. Building roads e. Declare war f. Sign treaties g. Issue licenses 34. Of the following, which are exclusive federal powers: a. Taxation b. Law enforcement c. Printing money d. Building roads e. Declare war f. Sign treaties g. Issue licenses 35. Political Science is a(n) a. Nihilistic Enterprise b. Empirical Enterprise c. Phenomenological Enterprise d. Solipsistic Enterprise e. Star Trek: Enterprise 36. Of the following, the judicial branch has the power to: a. Pass federal laws b. Serve as commander in chief of armed forces c. Decide cases involving disputes between states d. Approve federal treaties and presidential appointments e. Regulate interstate commerce f. Establish lower court system g. Pardon those convicted in federal court h. Make foreign treaties i. Nominate Supreme Court justices and federal court judges j. Control federal appropriations k. Reviews lower-court decisions l. Decides constitutionality of laws m. Enforce laws 37. Of the following, the Executive branch has the power to: a. Pass federal laws b. Serve as commander in chief of armed forces c. Decide cases involving disputes between states d. Approve federal treaties and presidential appointments e. Regulate interstate commerce f. Establish lower court system g. Pardon those convicted in federal court h. Make foreign treaties i. Nominate Supreme Court justices and federal court judges j. Control federal appropriations k. Reviews lower-court decisions l. Decides constitutionality of laws m. Enforce laws 38. Of the following, the Legislative branch has the power to: a. Pass federal laws b. Serve as commander in chief of armed forces c. Decide cases involving disputes between states d. Approve federal treaties and presidential appointments e. Regulate interstate commerce f. Establish lower court system g. Pardon those convicted in federal court h. Make foreign treaties i. Nominate Supreme Court justices and federal court judges j. Control federal appropriations k. Reviews lower-court decisions l. Decides constitutionality of laws m. Enforce laws 39. The Bill of rights is the first: a. 5 amendments to the Constitution b. 8 amendments to the Constitution c. 10 amendments to the Constitution d. 15 amendments to the Constitution 40. Which of the following countries has a constitutional government? a. Japan b. Russia c. China d. North Korea th 41. What is another name for the 10 amendment? a. Reserved powers amendment b. Privileges and immunities clause c. Concurrent powers d. Wonder Twin powers 42. What are the Federalist papers? a. Acollection of newspaper articles condemning the constitution and national authority b. Acollection of newspaper articles supporting ratification of the constitution and dispelling fears of national authority c. Acollection of newspaper articles supporting the return to theArticles of Confederation because of fears of national authority d. Acollection of newspaper articles with varying opinions in favor and against the ratification of the Constitution and a national authority 43. What was the precursor the Constitution that governed the states after the revolutionary war? a. TheArticles of Confederation b. Nothing c. The Bill of Rights d. The Magna Carta 44. TheArticles of Confederation lacked: a. An executive (no enforcement power) b. Ajudiciary c. Bicameral Congress d. Ability to sustain a national defense program e. All of the above 45. You’re at a party, everyone chips in to order a pizza, except Steve. Once the pizza arrives everyone, including Steve eats a slice of the delicious pizza. What term best applies: a. Institutions b. Principal-agent relationship c. Survey d. Free riding 46. The concept of “inalienable rights” was adopted by Thomas Jefferson into the Declaration of Independence from what philosopher: a. Ludwig Wittgenstein b. Friedrich Nietzsche c. Jean-Jacques Rousseau d. Jean-Paul Sartre e. John Locke f. Thomas Hobbes 47. When one political party controls the White House and another Congress a. Executive privilege b. Legislative supremacy c. State sovereign immunity d. Divided government 48. What character archetype best embodies individualism? a. Cowboy b. Soldier c. Police officer d. Zombies 49. National Supremacy (Supremacy Clause) refers to: a. State’s rights b. Conflict between the three branches of federal government c. The Supremacy of the Constitution and federal law over state’s laws, when the two are in conflict. d. The Supreme Court’s supremacy over the executive and legislative branches 50. Why were rules forced to give citizens a greater voice in public affairs? a. Internal conflicts b. External threats c. Promotion of national unity and development d. All of the above 51. Reorder the following seven articles of the Constitution appropriately by topic A. National Unity and Power B. Judicial branch C. The Executive Branch D. Amending the Constitution E. Ratification F. National Supremacy G. The Legislative Branch 52. Know Vocabulary (Protip: There is a glossary in the back of the textbook) Government The institutions and procedures through which a land and its people are ruled. Autocracy :Aform of government in which a single individual rules. Political authority vested in one person. Oligarchy Aform of government in which a small group controls governing decisions (landowners, wealthy merchants, military officers) Democracy Asystem of rule that permits citizens to play a part in the governmental process. Constitutional government Power is prescribed by a constitution. Limits: society can step in when oversteps constitutional boundaries. Ex: US, France, Japan Authoritarian government Government answers only to a small number of powerful groups. • Gov recognizes a few limits but not bc law. • Europe, South America, Asia, Africa Totalitarian government Asystem of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits on its power and seeks to absorb or eliminate other social institutions. • Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin, Germany under Hitler. Free riding Enjoying the benefits of some good while others bear costs. Public good Agood that is enjoyed by anyone and may not be denied to anyone. Politics Conflict, struggle, cooperation and collaboration over the leadership, structure, and policies of government. Institutions The rules and procedures that provide incentives for political behavior. Principal-Agent The relationship between principal and agent may be affected Relationship by self interest, yet their interests may not align. Rep of political representative and voter. Variable Antifederalists Articles of Confederation Americans first written constitution, formal basis forAmerica’s gov. Concerned with limiting the powers of central government. • Required unanimous 13 states to make amendments • No executive branch (no source of carrying out laws) • No judicial branch • Congress couldn’t levy taxes or regulate trade between states. Bill of Rights First 10 amendments, keep gov from having too much power. Bicameralism The division of a legislative body into two chambers or house. Block Grant Several categorical grants for states use on whatever they want. Categorical Grants-in-aid Grants given by federal gov for specific use Causation Arelationship between two variables that one causes the other Census Acomprehensive enumeration of all individuals in population. Checks and balances Commerce Clause Gives congress power to regulate commerce with other nations and states. Interpreted to give national power over economy. Concurrent powers Shared powers between state and national govs, such as power to levy taxes. Correlation Relationship between two variables. Dual Federalism Power is split between states and federal gov, but still mostly states. Executive Privilege Info between president and advisors can not be revealed without his consent. Great Compromise Agreement that resulted from the dispute between New Jersey Plan (who wanted equal representation) and the Virginia Plan (who wanted representations based off population) Created bimerical Congress. Three-fifths Compromise Agreement that stated that slaves would be counted as 3/5 of a person for population representation. Necessary and Proper Clause Necessary and Proper Clause-AKAELASTIC CLAUSE. Enumerates powers of Congress with the authority to make all laws “necessary and proper” to carry them out Expressed powers The powers enumerated (stated) in the constitution that are granted to the federal government. Judicial review power of courts to declare actions of legislative or executive branch unconstitutional. Supremacy Clause all laws decided on by national gov are superior to state laws. Amending Constitution- 27 amendments. ¾ states have to vote to amend. Can amend with Constitutional Convention Separation of powers Division of gov between central gov (leg, exec, judic) Federalism Division between federal, state, local gov’s. Reserved powers Powers reserved to the state Checks and balances systems which each branch is given some power of other branches to keep one from having too much power. Eminent domain Government can take private property for public use. Concurrent powers Shared powers. state and federal government share power to regulate currency and to affect the currency. Full faith and credit clause Each state has to honor the judicial decisions that take place in another state. Privileges and immunities State cannot discriminate against someone from another state or clause give own residents privileges. Home rule power given by state to local government to manage its own affairs. Commerce clause Delegates power to Congress to regulate commerce with foreign nations. This clause was interpreted by the Supreme Court to favor national power over the economy. Cooperative federalism Atype of federalism in which grant in aids have been used to strategically encourage states to pursuing nationally defined goals. Grants-in-aid Ageneral term for funds given to by congress to state and local governments. Categorical grants-in-aid Project grants Grant programs in which state governments submit proposals to federal agencies and for which funding is provided on a competitive basis. Formula grants Grants-in-aid in which a formula is used to determine the amount of federal funds a state government with receive. Regulated federalism Aform of federalism in which congress imposes legislation on the states requiring them to meet national standards. Unfunded mandates National standards imposed on states governments by the federal government without accompanying funding or reimbursement. Block grants Federal funds given to state govs to pay for goods services programs with few restrictions on how the funds should be spent. State’s rights Principal that states should oppose increases in the authority of national government. State sovereign immunity Legal doctrine holding that states cannot be sued for violating the acts of congress. Legislative supremacy legislative branch has most power bc 1.treat the powers of national government as the power of Congress. 2. Given sole power over appropiations. Divided government president is one party, congress is other. Executive privilege The claim that confidential communications between the president and his advisors shouldn’t be revealed without his consent. Federalists Favored strong national government and supported the Constitution. • BELIEVED- Elites were best fit to govern. • FEARED- “excessive democracy” (majority) • WHO- Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, George Washington Answer sheet: 1. A 2. D 3. A 4. A 5. B 6. C 7. A 8. D 9. D 10.B 11.C 12.B 13.D 14. B 15. B 16. A 17. A 18. D 19. A, C 20. A, C 21. A 22. A 23. B 24. B 25. C 26. A 27. D 28. B 29. C 30. D 31. C 32. A, B, D 33. G 34. C, E, F 35. B 36. C, K, L 37. B, G, H, I, M 38. A, D, E, F, J, 39. C 40. A 41. A 42. B 43. A 44. E 45. D 46. E 47. D 48. A 49. C 50. D 51. I. G II. C III. B IV. A V. D VI. F VII. E
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