Exam 2 Guide: Conception, Pregnancy/Childbirth, Birth Control
Exam 2 Guide: Conception, Pregnancy/Childbirth, Birth Control Psychology 300
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Elizabeth Brondsema on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psychology 300 at Coastal Carolina University taught by A Terranova in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Human Sexual Behavior in Psychology at Coastal Carolina University.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Exam 2 Study Guide: Conception, Pregnancy, and Childbirth The Fertilization Process: ● Terminology: Fertilization Gamete ● The Sperm’s Journey and Obstacles Mutated Sperm Gravity Fibrogenase *Know how each is related to sperm’s journey Prostoglonadins and Orgasm Acidity and Bartholin’s Gland Clumping May travel up tube without the egg in it Immune system may mistake for attackers Mucus Plug ● The Ovum’s/Zygote’s Journey Within 2430 hours of fertilization: sperm and egg materials unite Within 4 days: is a blastocyst (hollow ball of 64128 cells) Within 1115 days: implantation (blastocyst attaches to uterine wall) ● Fertilization Difficulties Infertility: inability of couples to conceive Fecundity: ability to conceive in a certain amount of time (rate of reproduction) Andropause: process when men start becoming less likely to produce Menopause: last phase of menstrual cycle ● Solutions to Fertilization Difficulties Fertility drugs: hormonal drugs that balance body’s hormones for conception Artificial Insemination: implanting sperm that’s been donated, into the uterus In Vitro Fertilization: sperm and egg fertilized out of body, then introduced to uterus Take care of your body daily ● Surrogate Parenting: pay someone else to carry and deliver your baby if unable to yourself Pregnancy: ● The First Trimester Time Frame: 212 weeks Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) Given due date Naegeles Rule Physical Symptoms: enlarged and tender breasts enlarged nipples increased frequency of urination irregular bowel movements feeling tired and run down morning sickness Couvade Syndrome teratogens ● The Second Trimester Now showing and wearing maternity clothes Morning sickness usually leaves Physical Symptoms: water retention sex drive may increase varicose veins hemorrhoids The Quickening ● The Third Trimester Physical Symptoms: back pain digestion is hard elimination (using the bathroom) much more frequent BraxtonHicks Contractions The Lightening Childbirth ● Stages of Labor Stage 1: 010 centimeters early labor (longest phase: 58 hrs, 03 cm) dilation effacement contractions (1020 mins apart; 1 min each and gradually get closer together) prodromal labor active labor transition labor Stage 2: Birth/Pushing 2 hours crowning Stage 3: Afterbirth Lasts 515 mins placenta and umbilical cord are expelled from the uterus ● Birth Complications and Options Perineal Lacerations epistiotomies Breech Birth Cesarean Sections ● Childbirth Choices Preparing For Childbirth prenatal exams the feartensionpain cycle Lamaze Method medications analgesia: pain reliever anesthesia: pain blocker (local, regional, general) oxytocin Places for Childbirth labor suite birthing center home birth water birth Childbirth Professionals obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) nurse midwife doula Sexuality During and After Pregnancy ● During generally safe to have intercourse up to the last 4 weeks of pregnancy things to consider: history of miscarriage bleeding pain ● After breastfeeding prolactin oxytocin breast feeding reflex rooting reflex concerns: some women have trouble producing milk; some medications may not be good for the baby beneficial for mother and baby for mother, hormones are released that help shrink the uterus back down to size for baby, it helps the digestive tract be healthier When is sex safe? usually 6 weeks after birth Birth Control and Protection ● Terminology Birth Control: any means of preventing birth from taking place Contraception: prevention of the sperm and egg from uniting ● Why do we need birth control? ● Effectiveness no method is 100% effective perfect use typical use ● Choosing a Form of Birth Control what is your goal? side effects convenience and availability sexual pleasure and satisfaction can be affected religious beliefs may be important ● Why do people fail to use birth control? ● Whose responsibility is it to use birth control? ● Forms of Birth Control Natural Methods Abstinence Outercourse Know the advantages and disadvantages of these methods Calendar Method Basal Body Temp Method Cervical Mucus Method Symptothermal Method Cycle Apps Ovulation Watch Lactational Amenorrhea Coitus Interuptus Hormonal Methods pills Estrogenprogesterone combination types: fixed/continuous dose multiphasic extended cycle know how they work know the benefits know the side effects Progestinonly breastfeeding is okay lacks side effects of estrogen menstrual bleeding regularities in some
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