Citizenship Extra Credit Study Guide
Citizenship Extra Credit Study Guide Hist
Northwest Missouri State University
Popular in US History to 1877
Popular in 33155-01
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PSY 01230 1
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah Morse on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hist at Northwest Missouri State University taught by Dr. Ford in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 88 views. For similar materials see US History to 1877 in 33155-01 at Northwest Missouri State University.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
A: Principles of American Democracy 1. What is the supreme law of the land? ▪ the Constitution 2. What does the Constitution do? ▪ sets up the government ▪ de nes the government ▪ protects basic rights of Americans 3. The idea of self-government is in the rst three ▪ We the People words of the Constitution. What are these words? 4. What is an amendment? ▪ a change (to the Constitution) ▪ an addition (to the Constitution) 5. What do we call the rst ten amendments to the ▪ the Bill of Rights Constitution? 6. What is one right or freedom from the First ▪ speech Amendment?* ▪ religion ▪ assembly ▪ press ▪ petition the government 7. How many amendments does the Constitution ▪ twenty-seven (27) have? 8. What did the Declaration of Independence do? ▪ announced our independence (from Great Britain) ▪ declared our independence (from Great Britain) ▪ said that the United States is free (from Great Britain) 9. What are two rights in the Declaration of ▪ life Independence? ▪ liberty ▪ pursuit of happiness 10. What is freedom of religion? ▪ You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion. 11. What is the economic system in the United ▪ capitalist economy ▪ market economy States?* 12. What is the “rule of law”? ▪ Everyone must follow the law. ▪ Leaders must obey the law. ▪ Government must obey the law. ▪ No one is above the law. B: System of Government 13. Name one branch or part of the government.* ▪ Congress ▪ legislative ▪ President ▪ executive ▪ the courts ▪ judicial 14. What stops one branch of government from ▪ checks and balances ▪ separation of powers becoming too powerful? 15. Who is in charge of the executive branch? ▪ the President 16. Who makes federal laws? ▪ Congress ▪ Senate and House (of Representatives) ▪ (U.S. or national) legislature 17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?* ▪ the Senate and House (of Representatives) 18. How many U.S. Senators are there? ▪ one hundred (100) 19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years? ▪ six (6) 20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?* ▪ Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.] 21. The House of Representatives has how many ▪ four hundred thirty- ve (435) voting members? 22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many ▪ two (2) years? 23. Name your U.S. Representative. ▪ Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.] 24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent? ▪ all people of the state 25. Why do some states have more ▪ (because of) the state’s population Representatives than other states? ▪ (because) they have more people ▪ (because) some states have more people 26. We elect a President for how many years? ▪ four (4) 27. In what month do we vote for President?* ▪ November 28. What is the name of the President of the ▪ Barack Obama ▪ Obama United States now?* 29. What is the name of the Vice President of the ▪ Joseph R. Biden, Jr. ▪ Joe Biden United States now? ▪ Biden 30. If the President can no longer serve, who ▪ the Vice President becomes President? 31. If both the President and the Vice President ▪ the Speaker of the House can no longer serve, who becomes President? 32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military? ▪ the President 33. Who signs bills to become laws? ▪ the President 34. Who vetoes bills? ▪ the President 35. What does the President’s Cabinet do? ▪ advises the President 36. What are two Cabinet-level positions? ▪ Secretary of Agriculture ▪ Secretary of Commerce ▪ Secretary of Defense ▪ Secretary of Education ▪ Secretary of Energy ▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services ▪ Secretary of Homeland Security ▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development ▪ Secretary of the Interior ▪ Secretary of Labor ▪ Secretary of State ▪ Secretary of Transportation ▪ Secretary of the Treasury ▪ Secretary of Veterans Affairs ▪ Attorney General ▪ Vice President 37. What does the judicial branch do? ▪ reviews laws ▪ explains laws ▪ resolves disputes (disagreements) ▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution 38. What is the highest court in the United ▪ the Supreme Court States? 39. How many justices are on the Supreme ▪ nine (9) Court? 40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United ▪ John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.) States now? 41. Under our Constitution, some powers ▪ to print money belong to the federal government. What is ▪ to declare war one power of the federal government? ▪ to create an army ▪ to make treaties 42. Under our Constitution, some powers ▪ provide schooling and education ▪ provide belong to the states. What is one power of protection (police) the states? ▪ provide safety ( re departments) ▪ give a driver’s license ▪ approve zoning and land use 43. Who is the Governor of your state now? ▪ Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.] 44. What is the capital of your state?* ▪ Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.] 45. What are the two major political parties in ▪ Democratic and Republican the United States?* 46. What is the political party of the President ▪ Democratic (Party) now? 47. What is the name of the Speaker of the ▪ Paul D. Ryan ▪ (Paul) Ryan House of Representatives now? C: Rights and Responsibilities 48. There are four amendments to the ▪ Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote). Constitution about who can vote. Describe ▪ You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote. one of them. ▪ Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) ▪ A male citizen of any race (can vote). 49. What is one responsibility that is only for ▪ serve on a jury United States citizens?* ▪ vote in a federal election 50. Name one right only for United States ▪ vote in a federal election ▪ run for federal of ce citizens. 51. What are two rights of everyone living in ▪ freedom of expression the United States? ▪ freedom of speech ▪ freedom of assembly ▪ freedom to petition the government ▪ freedom of religion ▪ the right to bear arms 52. What do we show loyalty to when we say ▪ the United States ▪ the ag the Pledge of Allegiance? 53. What is one promise you make when you ▪ give up loyalty to other countries become a United States citizen? ▪ defend the Constitution and laws of the United States ▪ obey the laws of the United States ▪ serve in the U.S. military (if needed) ▪ serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) ▪ be loyal to the United States 54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for ▪ eighteen (18) and older President?* 55. What are two ways that Americans can ▪ vote participate in their democracy? ▪ join a political party ▪ help with a campaign ▪ join a civic group ▪ join a community group ▪ give an elected of cial your opinion on an issue ▪ call Senators and Representatives ▪ publicly support or oppose an issue or policy ▪ run for of ce ▪ write to a newspaper 56. When is the last day you can send in ▪ April 15 federal income tax forms?* 57. When must all men register for the ▪ at age eighteen (18) Selective Service? ▪ between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26) AMERICAN HISTORY A: Colonial Period and Independence 58. What is one reason colonists came to America? ▪ freedom ▪ political liberty ▪ religious freedom ▪ economic opportunity ▪ practice their religion ▪ escape persecution 59. Who lived in America before the Europeans ▪ American Indians ▪ Native Americans arrived? 60. What group of people was taken to America ▪ Africans and sold as slaves? ▪ people from Africa 61. Why did the colonists ght the British? ▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation) ▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering) ▪ because they didn’t have self- government 62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? ▪ (Thomas) Jefferson 63. When was the Declaration of Independence ▪ July 4, 1776 adopted? 64. There were 13 original states. Name ▪ New Hampshire ▪ Massachusetts ▪ Rhode Island three. ▪ Connecticut ▪ New York ▪ New Jersey ▪ Pennsylvania ▪ Delaware ▪ Maryland ▪ Virginia ▪ North Carolina ▪ South Carolina ▪ Georgia 65. What happened at the Constitutional ▪ The Constitution was written. Convention? ▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution. 66. When was the Constitution written? ▪ 1787 67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage ▪ (James) Madison of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the ▪ (Alexander) Hamilton ▪ (John) Jay writers. ▪ Publius 68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous ▪ U.S. diplomat for? ▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention ▪ rst Postmaster General of the United States ▪ writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac” ▪ started the rst free libraries 69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”? ▪ (George) Washington 70. Who was the rst President?* ▪ (George) Washington B: 1800s 71. What territory did the United States buy from ▪ the Louisiana Territory ▪ Louisiana France in 1803? 72. Name one war fought by the United States in ▪ War of 1812 the 1800s. ▪ Mexican-American War ▪ Civil War ▪ Spanish-American War 73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the ▪ the Civil War South. ▪ the War between the States 74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War. ▪ slavery ▪ economic reasons ▪ states’rights 75. What was one important thing that Abraham ▪ freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) ▪ Lincoln did?* saved (or preserved) the Union ▪ led the United States during the Civil War 76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? ▪ freed the slaves ▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy ▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states ▪ freed slaves in most Southern states 77. What did Susan B. Anthony do? ▪ fought for women’s rights ▪ fought for civil rights C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information 78. Name one war fought by the United States in the ▪ World War I 1900s.* ▪ World War II ▪ Korean War ▪ Vietnam War ▪ (Persian) Gulf War 79. Who was President during World War I? ▪ (Woodrow) Wilson 80. Who was President during the Great ▪ (Franklin) Roosevelt Depression and World War II? 81. Who did the United States ght in World War II? ▪ Japan, Germany, and Italy 82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a ▪ World War II general. What war was he in? 83. During the Cold War, what was the main ▪ Communism concern of the United States? 84. What movement tried to end racial ▪ civil rights (movement) discrimination? 85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?* ▪ fought for civil rights ▪ worked for equality for all Americans 86. What major event happened on September 11, ▪ Terrorists attacked the United States. 2001, in the United States? 87. Name one American Indian tribe in the [USCIS Of cers will be supplied with a list of United States. federally recognized American Indian tribes.] ▪ Cherokee ▪ Navajo ▪ Sioux ▪ Chippewa ▪ Choctaw ▪ Pueblo ▪ Apache ▪ Iroquois ▪ Creek ▪ Blackfeet ▪ Seminole ▪ Cheyenne ▪ Arawak ▪ Shawnee ▪ Mohegan ▪ Huron ▪ Oneida ▪ Lakota ▪ Crow ▪ Teton ▪ Hopi ▪ Inuit INTEGRATED CIVICS A: Geography 88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the ▪ Missouri (River) United States. ▪ Mississippi (River) 89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United ▪ Paci c (Ocean) States? 90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United ▪ Atlantic (Ocean) States? 91. Name one U.S. territory. ▪ Puerto Rico ▪ U.S. Virgin Islands ▪ American Samoa ▪ Northern Mariana Islands ▪ Guam 92. Name one state that borders Canada. ▪ Maine ▪ New Hampshire ▪ Vermont ▪ New York ▪ Pennsylvania ▪ Ohio ▪ Michigan ▪ Minnesota ▪ North Dakota ▪ Montana ▪ Idaho ▪ Washington ▪ Alaska 93. Name one state that borders Mexico. ▪ California ▪ Arizona ▪ New Mexico ▪ Texas 94. What is the capital of the United States?* ▪ Washington, D.C. 95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?* ▪ New York (Harbor) ▪ Liberty Island [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).] B: Symbols 96. Why does the ag have 13 stripes? ▪ because there were 13 original colonies ▪ because the stripes represent the original colonies 97. Why does the ag have 50 stars?* ▪ because there is one star for each state ▪ because each star represents a state ▪ because there are 50 states 98. What is the name of the national anthem? ▪ The Star-Spangled Banner C: Holidays 99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?* ▪ July 4 100.Name two national U.S. holidays. ▪ New Year’s Day ▪ Martin Luther King, Jr. Day ▪ Presidents’Day ▪ Memorial Day ▪ Independence Day ▪ Labor Day ▪ Columbus Day ▪ Veterans Day ▪ Thanksgiving ▪ Christmas
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