BRITISH LITERATURE II UNIT 2 TEST STUDY GUIDE
BRITISH LITERATURE II UNIT 2 TEST STUDY GUIDE ENGL 2653
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Stephens on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ENGL 2653 at Oklahoma State University taught by Hallemeier in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Survey of British Literature II in English at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Unit 2 T est Review The Victorian Age: 1837-1901 (Queen Victoria’s Reign) Visions/fears of revolution is not popular consciousness Growth of discourse on family, nation, and empire Sustained normalcy Technology transforms-more people move to cities Industrialization-factories & trade Railways-transport people, goods & ideas quickly Telegraph invented Spread of literacy- 1880: kids must attend school till 10 Internationally: colonization and colonialism “benevolent tyranny” The Hungry 40s Laissez Faire economics- “let it be” Charles Dickens, Hard Times & “Poverty Knock” HARD TIMES: pg. 1599 Serialized novel Extreme environmental effects-poisoned water & air Sense of monotonous lives-no seasonal change-conformity Sense of alienation- “melancholy madness” “POVERTY KNOCK”: pg. 1600 Personal life of worker Work hard, no money Boss is a cheat Love story <3 Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Aurora Leigh Page 1138-43 Very “prosey” / blank verse / narrative progression / novel- poem Realism-everyday events / becomes dominate in 19 century Aunt & landscape: frosty, dull, vague, blurred, and feeble. Heart vs. Brain CLOSE READING: LINES 378-383 Robert Browning, “My Last Duchess” & “Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister” MY LAST DUCHESS: pg. 1282 Aristocrat Duke giving monologue-ominous-addressing the messenger- shows him painting CLOSE READING: first lines 1. “Last”: that’s is just my most recent duchess-tokenizing 2. Duchess painting is fixed, can’t move, dead 3. Equivalency of duchess & painting 4. “Wonder now”: he didn’t used to think she was a wonder when she was alive 5. It only took a day to paint- not that fantastic of work. SOLILOQUY OF THE SPANISH CLOISTER: page 1280 Hypocrisy of brother Lawrence- actually the speaker’s hypocrisy? Religious official (Monk) Cloister: square where monks walk Lord Tennyson, “The Lady of Shalott” Page 1161-66 Version of the tale of “Elaine the Fair Maid of Astolat” Sir Lancelot is highlighted She is trapped & isolated She condemns herself by writing her name on the boat / prideful? ALLEGORY: angel of the house is isolated from the social world She decides to leave castle because of Lancelot’s locks-she wants to leave because she is: half sick of shadows” Weaving is relentless / REAL WORLD IS NOT AS BEAUTIFUL- SUPERFISCIAL / producing pure realism Christina Rossetti, “Goblin Market” Page 1496-1508 Fallen Woman ALLEGORY: premarital sex warning In form of fable Very sexual language CLOSE READING: 1. Fruit is being offered as sacrifice 2. She makes fruit tantalizing 3. Goblin men are forceful, she “offers” it more 4. Pleasure in return for money, BUT money isn’t useful. One must give their body (lock of hair) 5. Lizzie offers out of love, goblin men offer out of control Incest overtones Thomas Babington Macaulay, Minute on Indian Education Page 1640-42 Macaulay was on supreme council of the East India Company Historian, essayist, parliamentarian Rudyard Kipling, “The White Man’s Burden” Page 1880-82 Satire? His perspective is of an outsider believing the Empire is positive/ humanitarian Puzzled by humanness/ inhumanness “Take up the white man’s burden” Indians=burden Attempts to do good, doesn’t work out Attitude of speaker: I have all this good & I want to share it 9but people are seen as half-devils) Imperial logic with a humanitarian glaze CLOSE READING: lines 33-40 1. You will be blamed no matter what 2. Line 37-8: describing the people that are becoming enlightened 3. He is saying they love their slavery- suggesting natural position of Indians is ignorant, slavery, and savage. Gerard Manly Hopkins, “God’s Grandeur” & “As Kingfishers Catch Fire” “GOD’S GRANDEUR”: page 1548 Lines 5-8: description of industrialization; falleness; essential deprivation “Trod, seared, bleared, smeared”: disrespectful, corruption @ surface level, NOT unredeemable SECOND STANZA: no more man, nature & God; deep depths; unending emphasis; morning springs God is compared with industrialized material (foil, oil) SPRUNG RHYTHUM- lines are given a # of stresses, BUT the # & placement of unstressed syllables are highly variable CONSANANCE AND ASSONANCE “AS KINGFISHERS CATCH FIRE”: Page 1549 Line 1 close reading: nouns and verbs closely connected; both deal with fire (catch, draw) FIsh & FLies FIre Oscar Wilde, The Importance of Being Earnest Sparknotes Summary Page 1734- Displays contradictions of Victorian Age and society Humorous Pleasure is easily found Industrialization positive or not? Focuses on aristocracy “Celebration” of Empire, BUT questioning the spread of Empire ACT ONE: 1. Algernon & Lane talk 2. Algernon & Jack talk (cigarette case & cucumber sandwiches) 3. Lady Bracknell & Gwendolen enter 4. Gwendolen & Jack talk 5. Lady Bracknell questions Jack 6. Gwendolen & Jack become engaged ACT TWO: 1. Cecily & Miss Prisum German lesson 2. Dr. Chasuble enters & takes Miss Prisum on walk 3. Cecily meets Algernon 4. Jack returns with news of his brother’s death 5. Algernon comes out (Ernest not dead) 6. Algernon & Cecily talk of their love and engagement 7. Cecily and Gwendolwn meet & the truth begins to unravel 8. Truth comes out among the 4 9. Algernon eating muffins and no engagements ACT THREE: 1. Women want to forgive Algernon and Jack 2. Seek them out & more truth comes out 3. Want to forgive the men, but neither is named Ernest 4. Men reveal they are getting christened under the names Ernest 5. Lady Bracknell enters 6. Miss Prism arrives 7. More truth comes out that Algernon and Jack are brothers 8. Jack’s names really is Ernest 9. Happy ever after!
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