orgo study guide 2
orgo study guide 2 Chem 2400
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brooke Martin on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Chem 2400 at Georgia State University taught by Reber in Fall 2017. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Organic Chemistry 1 in Chemistry at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Biology 2 MW 12:00 PM Week 7 study guide October 4, 2016 VOCABULARY 1. Sepals 2. Petals 3. Plant parts 4. Perfect flower 5. Imperfect flower 6. Male gametophyte development 7. Female gametophyte development 8. Angiosperm 9. Gymnosperm 10.Lycophytes 11.Bryophytes 12.Plant tissue 13.Sclerenchyma 14.Collenchema 15.Parachyma 16.Ground tissue 17.Dermal tissue 18.Epidermis 19.Periderm 20.Sporangia 21.Cellular slime mold 22.Sporopollen 23.Sporangia 24.Fertilization 25.Meiosis 26.Mitosis 27.Zygote 28.Gamete 29.Gametophyte 30.Spores 31.Sporophyte 32.Dinoflagellates 33.Alveolata 34.Diatoms 35.Brown algae 36.Strameopiles 37.Green algae 38.Red algae 39.Archaeaplastida 40.Amoebozoa 41.Coenocytic 42.Pseudo plasmodia slime mol 43.Opisthokonts 44.Origin of eukaryotic cells 45.Terrestrial environment 46.Aquatic environment 47.C4 plants 48.CAM Plants 49.Rubisco 50.Stomata 51.Phloem 52.Xylem 53.Apicomplexans 54.Eukaryotic cells 55.Vascular tissue 56.Stamens 57.Carpels 58.Stigma 59.Anther 60.Steps of pollination 61.Double fertilization 62.Origin of fruit 63. bco) a. b. c. d. 64. a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. VOCABULARY 1. Sepals a. Protect development of outer layer 2. Petals a. Attract pollinators 3. Plant parts a. Petals b. Sepals c. Stamens d. Carpels e. Stigma f. Anther 4. Perfect flower a. Contains all parts 5. Imperfect flower a. Male – missing pistils b. Female – missing stamen 6. Male gametophyte development a. Following meiosis each haploid develop into a male gametophyte 7. Female gametophyte development a. Ovules develop into fruit following meiosis one haploid spore develops into female gametophyte 8. Angiosperm a. Vascular plants with flowers and fruits and seeds 9. Gymnosperm a. Vascular plant with seeds 10.Lycophytes a. Ferns, spore plants with vascular system 11.Bryophytes a. Spore plants without vascular system 12.Plant tissue a. Dermal b. Ground c. Vascular 13.Sclerenchyma a. Thick cell walls, rigid support, dead at maturity 14.Collenchema a. Elongated cells, thick cell wall, flexible support, alive at maturity, not actively dividing 15.Parachyma a. Most abundant, living cells with thin cell walls, metabolically active, food storage, can make new cells 16.Ground tissue a. Bulk of plant, support metabolism, storage and secrete hormones b. Parachyma c. Collencheyma d. Sclerenchyma 17.Dermal tissue a. Outer area of leaf, stem, and roof b. Prevent water loss, protection, surround outer body c. 2 types i. Epidermis and periderm 18.Epidermis a. Outer most b. Secrete cuticle 19.Periderm a. In woody plants b. Cork/bark 20.Sporangia a. Triggered by environmental signals, plasmodia differentiate to form stalked structure 21.Cellular slime mold a. Starvation = chemical signals produced = induces cells to aggregate into large multicellular slug b. Differentiate to form stalk bone sporangia 22.Sporopollen a. Protective coat 23.Sporangia a. Multicellular structure which haploid spores are produced 24.Fertilization a. Haploid to diploid 25.Meiosis a. Diploid to haploid 26.Mitosis a. Haploid to haploid b. Diploid to diploid 27.Zygote a. Unicellular b. Diploid c. Produce sporophyte via mitosis 28.Gamete a. Unicellular b. Haploid c. Produce zygote via fertilization 29.Gametophyte a. Multicellular b. Haploid c. Produce gametes via mitosis 30.Spores a. Multicellular b. Haploid c. Produce gametophytes via mitosis 31.Sporophyte a. Multicellular b. Diploid c. Produce spores via meiosis 32.Dinoflagellates a. Alveolata b. Two flagella c. Cause red tides 33.Alveolata a. Photosynthetic and heterotrophic b. Apicomplexans c. Cortical alveoli packed beneath cell surface 34.Diatoms a. Stramenopiles b. Shell made of silica c. Reproduction by splitting shell until one fourth of the size then switches to sexual reproduction 35.Brown algae a. Kelp b. Distinct organs specialized in attachment , photosynthesis, flotation, and reproduction 36.Strameopiles a. Water mold and potato famine b. Decomposers c. 1 flagellum that has hairs and 1bare flagellum d. Photosynthetic e. Brow algae f. Diatoms 37.Green algae a. Chlorophyll a and b b. Chloroplasts that have two membranes 38.Red algae a. Archaeplastida b. Multicellular c. Differentiated tissue d. Walls made of cellulose e. Carrageenan – synth, stabilize mixture of bio molecules and promote formation f. Agar – polysaccharide deal for bacterial growth 39.Archaeaplastida a. Land plants b. Red algae c. Green algae 40.Amoebozoa a. Dysentery b. Brain eating (fresh water) c. Slime molds 41.Coenocytic a. Contain many nuclei within one giant cell 42.Pseudo plasmodia slime mol a. Coenocytic b. Cells fuse together under harsh conditions c. Base and stalk survive d. Easier to spread e. Sporangia 43.Opisthokonts a. Cell with flagella b. Chanoflagellates c. Animal d. Fungi e. Microvilli 44.Origin of eukaryotic cells a. Genes from bacteria and archaea b. Endosymbiosis i. Cells that take in another and retain features c. Circular DNA 45.Terrestrial environment a. Dry b. Problem: desolation c. Solution: vascular tissue or growing low to ground 46.Aquatic environment a. Wet b. Problem: gravity and support c. Solution: lignin 47.C4 plants a. Physically separate initial steps of carbon fixation b. Incorporate CO2 into 4-carbon compounds in mesophyll cells c. Exported to bundle sheath cells for Calvin cycle 48.CAM Plants a. Temporarily separate initial steps b. Capture CO2 at night i. Stored to do photosynthesis during the day c. Incorporate into organic acids stored n mesophyll cells d. Stomata closed during day 49.Rubisco a. Can bind to CO2 or O2 b. Binding leads to photorespiration i. Consumes ATP and does not produce sugar c. Solution: C4 or CAM plants 50.Stomata a. Guard cells prevent respiration b. Closed i. Photosynthesis reduced ii. O2 concentration increases c. Open i. Bright light 51.Phloem a. Carry sugar and carbohydrates b. Any direction c. Source to safe d. Osmotic pump e. Barely alive i. Lost elements of cell f. Companion cells connect to sieve tubed element cells 52.Xylem a. Water and nutrient transported b. Roots to xylem to stem to leaves to stomata i. Driven by transpiration c. Evaporation pump d. Trancheus: thin elongated single cells e. Vessel elements: longer and more effective 53.Apicomplexans a. Malaria, parasitic, infectious 54.Eukaryotic cells a. Nucleus b. Membrane bound c. Internal membrane d. Cytoskeleton e. Mostly photoauto/chemohetero f. Aerobic respiration 55.Vascular tissue a. Transport tissue b. Start off living c. Dead when functioning d. Pits in them for water flow e. Xylem f. Phloem 56.Stamens a. Inner whorl b. Male fertilization organ of flower 57.Carpels a. Inner whorl b. Ovule producing sporangia 58.Stigma a. Where pollen must land to reach ovule 59.Anther a. Produce pollen 60.Steps of pollination a. Pollen lands on sigma b. Grows down style c. Female gametophyte produce chemical that guide pollen 61.Double fertilization a. First sperm fuses with egg = diploid zygote b. Second sperm fuses with to haploid female gametophytes = nutritive tissue in angiosperm 62.Origin of fruit a. Ovary wall = flesh b. Ovary = fruit c. Ovule = seed 63. bcdg a. Sporophyte (2N) b. Spores (1N) c. Gametophyte (1N) d. Gametes (1N) 64. a. sporangia b. Ovary c. Style d. Stigma e. Carpel f. Anther g. Stamens h. Filament i. Sepals j. petals
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