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Study guide for Journalism 204 1st exam

by: Jordyn Notetaker

Study guide for Journalism 204 1st exam JOUR 204 003

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Study guide for Journalism 204 1st exam
Principles of Journalism
Dr. Miles Romney
Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jordyn Notetaker on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to JOUR 204 003 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Miles Romney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views.


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Date Created: 10/06/16
Journalism exam no. 1 a) 1790s-Colonial Press a. Press was independent and localized b. Most newspapers focused on politics c. Non-objective b) 1835-65-The Penny Press a. New printing technology allowed from cheaper printing b. Became a mass medium c. Established the precedent of paying for information d. Forced on middle America c) 1855-telegraph & wire services a. Allowed for news orgs to share information quickly b. AP (associated press) happened during this time c. Reporters stuck to facts to be more appealing d) 1880-1900-Yellow Journalism a. News became big business/entertainment b. Embellished facts to create more drama and intrigue c. Focused on crime, gossip, and graphic art e) 1900-1920-Muckrakers a. Early investigative journalism b. Sought to use papers/magazines to serve the public interest c. Exposed corruption and lawlessness, Social Activism v 1923-Henry Luce & TIME, Inc. o Transformed how Americans consumed information o TIME, LIFE, Fortune, and Sports Illustrated o Realized on long-form, stylized writing, and photojournalism v 1947-The Hutchins Commission o “By THE COMMISSION ON FREEDON OF THE PRESS, A free and responsible press” o “A General Report on Mass Communication: Newspaper, radio, motion pictures, magazines, and books” v 1979-CNN, ESPN, and 24-hour News Networks o News became a 24-hour event v 1995 until Now-The Internet/Social Media Rev. o Information became immediate, free, and started the rise of citizen journalism o Stripped newspapers of traditional revenue streams o Different social media outlets I. How does a free press assist in self-governance? a. First Amendment i. Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press II. Metaphors that describe journalism a. Mirror, b. Watchdog c. Marketplace of ideas III. What Democracy needs from Journalism? a. Information dissemination-circulating or dispersing b. Accountability c. Representation d. Deliberation & conflict resolution IV. 5 Core functions/ Journalism… a. Informs, analyzes, interprets, and explains b. Investigates c. Creates a public convo d. Helps generate social empathy e. Encourages accountability V. 5 trends emerging in news a. Engagement on multiple platforms: go where consumers are b. Payment for web access to news c. New funding models for journalism d. Responding to web search trends to develop news content e. New approaches to local news development VI. How is news made? a. 7 news values that determine what stories arewsworthy b. Timeliness Impact c. Currency Conflict d. Novelty Emotional e. Prominence Proximity ∑ Difference between journalism and news? o Journalism is the process by which news is told. ∑ What journalists do with information is called journalism. ∑ Journalism is a set of transparent independent procedures aimed at gathering, verifying, and reporting truthful information of consequences to citizens in a democracy. ∑ 5 Things Journalism Must BE: o Be true o Verified (by You) o Important aka has a purpose o Be transparent o Be told in a way that interests the audience ∑ Assume everything you write online will become public ∑ Independently authenticate anything you find on social media ∑ Think about how you break news on social media ∑ Professionally, use social media to engage viewers/readers o Think before you post


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