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Quiz 2 Study Guide

by: Sarah Morse

Quiz 2 Study Guide GEOG 32102-02

Sarah Morse
Northwest Missouri State University

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Quiz 2 Study Guide Chapter 3 and 4 Mexico and Central America South America Europe
People and Cultures of the World
Kevin Romig
Study Guide
quiz, 2, two, people, and, Cultures, world, geography, study, guide, Mexico, central, America, South, europe
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah Morse on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG 32102-02 at Northwest Missouri State University taught by Kevin Romig in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see People and Cultures of the World in Geography at Northwest Missouri State University.

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Date Created: 10/06/16
QUIZ 2 STUDY GUIDE 1. Isthmus a. A narrow strip of land that joins two larger land areas. 2. Middle America a. Mexico, Central America, an the islands of the Caribbean. 3. South America a. The continent south of Central America. 4. Subduction Zone a. A zone where one tectonic plate slides under another. 5. Silt a. Fine soil particles. 6. Temperature Altitude Zones a. Regions of the same latitude that vary in climate according to altitude. 7. Trade Winds a. Winds that blow from the northeast and the southeast toward the equator. 8. El Nino a. Periodic climate-altering changes, especially in the circulation of the Pacific Ocean, now understood to operate on a global scale. 9. Ecotourism a. Nature-oriented vacations, often taken in endangered and remote landscapes, usually by travelers from affluent nations. 10.Aztecs a. Indigenous people of high-central Mexico noted for their advanced civilization before the Spanish conquest. 11.Incas a. Indigenous people who ruled the largest pre-columbian state in the Americas, with a domain stretching from souther Colombia to norther Chile and Argentina. 12.Creoles a. People mostly of European descent born in the Caribbean. 13.Mestizos a. People of mixed European, African, and indigenous descent. 14.Mercantilism a. The policy by which European rulers sought to increase the power and wealth of their realms by managing all aspects of production, transport, and commerce in their colonies. 15.Plantations a. A large factory farm that grows and partially processes a single cash crop. 16.Maquiladoras a. Foreign-owned tax exempt factories, often located in Mexican towns just cross the US border from US towns, that hire workers at low wages to assemble manufactured goods which are then exported to sale. 17.North American free trade agreement a. A free trade agreement made in 1994 that added Mexico to the 1989 economic arrangement between the US and Canada. 18.UNASUR a. A union of south American nations that was organized in May of 2008. 19.Mercosur a. A free trade zone created in 1991 that links the economies of Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay to create a common market. 20.Contested space a. any areas that several groups claim or want to use in different and often conflicting ways. 21.Dictators a. A ruler who claims absolute authority, governing with little respect for law or the rights of citizens. 22.Coup D'etat a. A military or civilian led forceful takeover of the government. 23.Marianismo a. A set of values based on life of the Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus, that defines the proper social roles for women in middle and south America. 24.Brain Drain a. The migration of educated and ambitious young adults to cities or foreign countries, depriving the communities from which the young people come of talented youth in whom they have invested years of nurturing and education. 25.Favelas a. Brazilian urban slums and shantytowns built by the poor. 26.Populist movements a. Popularly based efforts, often seeing relief for the poor. 27.Evangelical Protestantism a. A christian movement that focuses on personal salvation and empowerment of the individual through miraculous healing and transformation. 28.Tierra Caliente a. Hot lands, lowlands along the coastline. 29.Tierra Templada a. Temperate lands, elevations of 3k -6k feet. 30.Tierra Fria a. Cold lands, elevations over 6k feet. 31.Panama a. Independence from Colombia in 1904. 32.Monroe Doctrine a. US had the right to supervise the internal affairs of Latin America countries to ensure US national security. 33.Panama Canal a. Water route through the American continent. 34.Panama City a. Great amount of international investment in real estate and business interest. 35.Nicaragua a. Sandinistas overthrew Somoza dynasty in 1979. 36.Sandinistas a. Instituted a policy of mass literacy, devoted significant resources to health care, and promoted gender equality. 37.Contras a. A militia, overthrew sandinistas in 1981, funded and trained by CIA. 38.Noriega a. Military leader of panama. 39.El Salvador 2 a. Civil war between government forces and left wing socialist organizations 1979-1992. 40.Costa Rica a. Tended to focus upon eco-tourism. 41.Drug Cartels a. Many cities under control by one, they control nearly all the wholesale market and handle 70% of all illicit drugs distributed in the US. 42.US/Mexico Border a. Long border subdividing developing world from the developed world. 43.Caribbean and Antilles a. Region comprised of about 7k islands stretching in a lengthy arc. 44.Etymology a. Region's name stems fro the carb people who inhabited the islands at the time of European conquest. 45.Inter tropical convergence zone a. Where different trade winds collide. 46.Earthquakes a. Plate movement and tectonic activity along a fault line or zone. 47.Deforestation a. The massive forests of the Caribbean have largely been clear cut for the expansion of the cash crop production. 48.Neocolonialism a. Economic and political strategies that powerful states use to extend their control over other, weaker states. 49.Treaty of Tordesillas a. Spain takes west and Portugal takes east. 50.Brazil a. Gained independence from Portugal in 1822, lots of territorial expansion further to the amazon, largest country in area and population in Latin America. 51.Carnival a. Most famous holiday in Brazil, economy shuts down. 52.Argentina a. Independence from Spain in 1816. 53.Chile a. Elongated state, north is desert, south is cold and damp. 54.Columbia a. Ethnically diverse, drug dealers, africans originally brought as slaves, recent immigrants from Europe and middle east. 55.Venezuela a. Large scale resentment of US toward Latin America and other oil production companies. 56.Bloody Sunday a. 1972, 26 unarmed civil rights protesters and bystanders were shot by British soldiers. 57.Good Friday Agreement a. 1998, Devolution of direct UK rule over No. Ireland. 58.Scotland a. Joined UK in 1707. 59.Edinburgh a. the hub Scottish of enlightenment in the 18th century. 3 60.Wales a. Conquered by England in the middle ages. 61.Magna Carta a. Human rights document. 62.London a. Financial center of the world. 63.Brexit a. UK voted to leave EU. 64.Ireland a. Skipped heavy industry into growing technology and electronics industry. 65.Baltic and North Seas a. Northern European water bodies. 66.Northern Europe a. Port facilities and sea navigation have been critical in economic development. 67.Scandinavia a. Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark. 68.Benelux a. Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg. 69.Baltic States a. Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, and Poland. 70.Highlands a. Switzerland, Austria, Liechtenstein. 71.Scandinavia 2 a. Very high standard of living and very high income taxes. 72.Village of Christiana a. Denmark's ___ has no official government, disputes resolved through discussion, widespread use of drugs, anarchy. 73.Belgium a. EU Government is located. 74.Amsterdam a. Large waterways. 75.Benelux 2 a. Heart of Europe 76.Brussels, Belgium a. Terrorist activity, March 2016, two bombs in airport, one bomb in subway. 77.Netherlands a. Most of population is fluent in many languages. 78.Rhine River Valley, Netherlands a. Large manufacturing area 79.Baltic States 2 a. Part of soviet empire and aligned with communist eastern Europe after WWII. 80.Poland a. Communist Bloc 81.Solidarity Movement a. non-communist party union movement, 1980s. 82.Tallinn, Estonia a. Cosmopolitan city in Baltic Region. 4 83.Finland a. Sometimes included in Baltic States as well as Scandinavia. 84.Highlands 2 a. Territory in and around the alps. 85.Austria a. Known for heritage tourism related to classical music. 86.Switzerland a. Known for precision equipment and banking and finance, repeatedly declines EU membership. 87.Germany a. Economic heart of Europe. 88.German Reunification a. Bringing together east and west Germany, difficult process. 89.Modern Germany a. World's fourth largest economy and very high standard of living. 90.Southern Europe a. South of Alps, along mediterranean sea. 91.Greece a. Many different islands throughout Aegean Sea, Empire in 4th century BCE. 92.Roman Empire a. Dominated southern Europe and southwest Asia from 100 BCE through 4th century CE. 93.Vatican City a. Independent state and center for roman catholic church, dates back to holy roman empire (1300-1500 CE) 94.Milan a. Fashion capital of the world. 95.Northern a. ___ Italy more industrial and modern. 96.Southern a. ___ Italy more agricultural and rural. 97.Portugal a. Amassed great wealth in colonial times, slow to adopt industrial activities and modern economy. 98.Portugal Production a. World leader in Cork 99.Spain a. Greater economic progress on Iberian Peninsula, along mediterranean sea. 100. Strait of Gibraltar i. Influences of Northern Africa in Spain, disputed between UK. 101. Monaco i. Gaming and resorts, wealthy people and vacation homes. 102. San Tropez i. Italian riviera, villas and resorts often owned by wealthy Italian families. 103. France i. Population and economic opportunity clustered in Paris. 104. Primate City 5 i. Paris, produces and consumes a disproportionately high share of the country's goods and services. 105. Communist Bloc i. Under control of USSR, communist forms of government. 106. Berlin Wall i. Separation of east and west Europe during communist bloc. 107. Hungarian Revolt i. 1956, desired free elections, soviet army crushed resistance movement, 200k refugees, 13k imprisoned. 108. Perestroika i. Gorbachev brought reform to Soviet Union, capitalism, free elections, breakdown of bloc. 109. Yugoslavia i. Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia all demanded independence. 110. Genocide i. Deliberate and systematic destruction of an ethnic, racial, caste, religious, or national group. 111. Auschwitz i. Concentration and extermination camps, prisoners subdivided, hard labor, medical experiments, gas chambers. 112. Crimea, Ukraine i. Russian army took this territory. 6


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