Study Guide for Wildlife Ecology Exam 2
Study Guide for Wildlife Ecology Exam 2 FW 104
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This 13 page Study Guide was uploaded by Devrrae Russell on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to FW 104 at Colorado State University taught by Ann Randall in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views.
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Date Created: 10/06/16
Study Guide for Wildlife Ecology and Conservation Exam 2 1. Modern __________ has evolved since the early 1900s. a. agriculture b. wildlife management c. fish production d. wildlife harvesting technology 2. __________ had a closed season on white-tailed deer as early as 1694. a. Georgia b. Lincolnton c. Massachusetts d. Mexico 3. America was blessed with a tremendous abundance of _________. a. wild fauna b. soil c. climate d. rain 4. Early settlers in America went from starvation to prosperity by learning how to _________ wildlife. a. manage b. produce c. exploit d. starve 5. During the first 200 years of our nation, before _______ became well established, wildlife provided food and clothing for a growing nation. a. agriculture b. wildlife management c. Congress d. the railroad 6. Early English colonists, unlike the French to the North, had no intention of adapting to the ______. a. acquisition b. Wilderness c. modicum d. poachers 7. Many species of wildlife were found in great numbers; it is estimated that there were ______ million plains bison and billions of ______. a. 50-60 ; pigeons b. 45-55 ; doves c. 60-70 ; pigeons d. 50-60; doves 8. An early observer of American wildlife was _________ _______. a. Roosevelt b. Lewis & Clark c. Aldo Leopold d. Alexander Wilson 9. The last ______ died in the Cincinnati Zoo in 1914. a. buffalo b. Deer c. passenger pigeon d. dove 10. The U.S. government unofficially encouraged the slaughter of the ________ as a means of defeating Native Americans on the Great Plains. a. Buffalo b. Pigeons c. Indians d. Wolves 11. Through the efforts of______ and conservationists, many species of wildlife are plentiful today. a. sport hunters b. market hunters c. preservationists d. change agents 12. Early sport hunters worked to change American attitudes toward the______ of wild game. a. profit c. shooting b. commercialization d. abundant 13. _______ hunters played a major role in eliminating much of America's wildlife from its original range. a. Sport c. Wildlife b. Wild d. Market 14. All wildlife produces a ______, which allows for some harvest without damaging the overall population. a. stock c. surplus b. regulate d. scruples 15. All wildlife are extremely vulnerable when ______ tactics are used. a. unsporting c. dramatic b. relatively d. congregate 16. Market hunters were motivated to kill for______. a. Fun b. Sport c. profit d. eliminate species 17. In the late 1870s it became stylish for women to wear hats heavily decorated with______. a. feathers or whole birds b. fox fur c. deer fur d. bobcats 18. The passage of the ______ in 1900 effectively ended the market hunting era. a. Pittman-Roberson Act b. Conservation Act c. Wildlife act d. Lacey Act 19. ______, the nation's first national park, was established in 1872. a. Yellow Stone National Park b. Elijah Clark State Park c. Hoochie Creek National Park d. Stone Mountain 20. An avid big game hunter, as well as president of the United States, ______ has been called the Father of American Conservation. a. Theodore Roosevelt b. George Washington c. Ulysses Grant d. Woodrow Wilson 21. This act called for a 10 percent excise tax on firearms and ammunition, is collected directly from the manufacturer and provides most of the funding for the wildlife departments in all 50 states. a. Lacey Act b. Pittman-Robertson Act c. Migratory Conservation Act d. Duck Stamp Act 22. The passage of the ___________________ Conservation Act in 1929 was important the recovery of waterfowl populations. a. Lacey b. Pittman-Robertson c. Goose-Duck d. Migratory Bird 23. Define: Wildlife management 24. List the Components of wildlife management ● Biota ○ ○ ○ ● Habitat ○ ○ ○ 25. List what needs to be considered for wildlife management ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 26. What specific data needs to be collected? ○ ○ ○ ■ ■ ○ ○ ■ ■ ■ ■ ○ 27. What are the ways we can monitor food habits ● ● ● 28. What are the Non - invasive techniques of tracking wildlife ● ● ● ● ● 29. What are the Invasive techniques for wildlife tracking ● Live capture ○ ■ ● ■ ● ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ○ ■ ■ ■ ■ ○ ○ ○ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 30. What are the methods of tracking animal movement ● Low tech ○ ○ ○ ● High tech ○ ○ ■ ● ● ● ● 31. An endangered species is _____________ that will become extinct if nothing is done . to stop the cause of its decline. a. any species of animal b. any species of plant c. any species of animal, plant, or other living thing d. none of the above 32.What is a vulnerable or candidate species? a. species that are not in immediate danger, but could move that way quickly b. species that are in no danger and never will be c. species that are already extinct, with no hope of coming back d. all of the above 33. Just one plant may be food or shelter to more than how many species of animals? a. 30 species b. 1 species c. 10 species d. none 34. What are the greatest problems facing plants, animals, and people? a. habitat destruction b. illegal hunting c. introducing new species that can cause problems d. all of the above 35. Which of the following does NOT destroy natural habitats? a. building homes b. pollution c. nature reserves d. hunting and trading 36. More people go to zoos than which of the following? a. professional basketball games b. professional football games c. professional baseball games d. all of the above combined 37. What do zoos do besides provide recreation? a. They teach about nature. b. They provide the opportunity to study wild animals. c. They work to save endangered species. d. all of the above 38. What is a zoogeographic exhibition? a. an exhibit with different animals from all over the world b. animals kept together in a cage c. grouping exhibits according to regions of the earth d. animals held behind high metal fences 39. Animals that are active at night and sleep during the day are ________. a. deciduous b. nocturnal c. dangerous d. never seen at zoos 40. The first U.S. zoos were founded in ___________. a. Philadelphia b. New York c. Chicago d. all of the above 41. Marine ecosystems that occur on the ocean floor are termed _______. a. pelagic b.benthic c.euphotic d.pycnocline 42. The largest single source of oil that accumulates in the ocean is from _______. a.cumulative small losses from boats and runoff from land b.seepage from natural sources c.catastrophic spills from oil platforms in the ocean d.major tanker collisions and spills 43. Which of the following is NOT an ecosystem service currently provided by the oceans? a.The ocean provides food. b.The ocean provides affordable transportation. c.Pelagic algae and bacteria produce a large amount of oxygen. d.The ocean is a solar collector that collects energy equivalent to 250 billion barrels of oil per day that we have the technology to harvest. 44.What portion of the ocean contains the highest biodiversity and the greatest productivity? a.continental rise b.mid-oceanic ridge c.continental shelf d.abyssal plain 45. A marine protected area is _______. a.a term to describe any portion of the ocean that is protected from some human activities but may be open to others, such as the laying of cables and some fishing b.a term to describe any portion of the ocean that is protected from any commercial or recreational use c.an area that has physical boundaries that limit movement of pollutants into and out of the area d.a term to describe any portion of the ocean that is protected from fishing and the harvesting of kelp 46.Communities that lie along shorelines between the farthest reach of high tide and the lowest reach of the lowest tides do NOT include _______. a.mangrove forests b.rocky intertidal areas c.salt marshes d.coral reefs 47.Excessive nutrient concentrations in the oceans give rise to population explosions of _______. a.venomous jellyfish b.phytoplankton c.zooplankton d.fish 48.Managing fish populations by maintaining them at a maximum growth rate and achieving maximum yield while keeping fish available for the future is best called _______. a.ecosystems fisheries management b.nontarget species sustainable bycatch c.maximum sustainable yield d.sustainable fisheries management 48.How have the oceans helped to reduce the effects of human atmospheric pollution to this point? a.By producing carbon dioxide, ocean plants reduce global warming. b.Ocean plants produce ozone, which replaces the ozone layer. c.Oceans need carbon dioxide to balance the pH of ocean water. d.The oceans have been soaking up the excess carbon that humans release to the atmosphere. 49. Which coastal habitat is a mixing place of fresh and saltwater? a.intertidal zone b.salt marsh c.estuary d.mangrove forest End of Question 10 50.Ocean areas of high productivity are often found __________. a.where nutrient-rich water from the ocean depths wells up along coasts b.where fertilizer runoff from agricultural fields empties into the ocean c.in water that remains for long periods at the surface along the continental shelves and heats up d.in deep ocean waters where fish species are protected from overfishing 51.As you descend from the ocean surface to the deeper layers of the ocean ____________. a.the salinity (amount of salt in the water) drops b.the temperature drops c.productivity increases d.pressure decreases 52.Populations in ocean fisheries have been dropping for decades, but the amount of fish caught has not shown this drop. What factor is responsible for hiding this drop in fish populations? a.Advanced technology has allowed fishing fleets to more quickly find fish. b.Moratoriums on fishing in certain areas (like the Georges Bank and the Grand Banks) have allowed the fish stocks to recover and have helped to reseed other fishing areas. c.Fish are being caught closer to the shores than they used to be. d.Fishing fleets have stopped catching fish from deeper waters. 53.Horizontal movement of water across the ocean's surface _____________. a.changes frequently and is hard to predict b.is caused by the movement of marine organisms c.occurs only very slowly and is difficult to measure d.helps to redistribute energy (in the form of heat) from warm areas to colder areas 54. Why are areas with physical structures underwater very suitable for fishing? a.The structures provide shelter and safety for fish. b.Coral reefs provide the chlorine that fish need to survive. c.Underwater volcanoes spew magma that feeds the fish. d.These physical structures are filled with fresh water that helps the fish survive. 55. The levels of dissolved oxygen at the surface of water can decrease dramatically and kill marine organisms when which of the following are out of balance in the ocean? a.fish populations b.salt c.carbon dioxide d.nitrogen and phosphorus 56.Areas that are located in tropical areas have warmer water than areas located in colder areas because _____________. a.tropical areas receive the greatest amount of solar radiation b.tropical areas have warm land masses that warm the water c.tropical areas have great biodiversity of fish d.tropical regions have underwater volcanoes that heat the oceans 57.Which of the following statements about ocean water is true? a.Oceans change temperature more quickly than the land changes temperature. b.Oceans change temperature regularly throughout the day. c.Oceans have a high heat capacity and change temperature slowly. d.Surface waters change temperature more slowly than oceans. 58.Most of the productivity of the ocean occurs in (on) the _____________. a.ocean floor, in the benthic zone b.middle layer of the ocean called the pelagic zone c.uppermost layer of the ocean called the photic zone d.ocean floor, in the photic zone. 59.If oil accumulates in a body of water in small amounts over time as a result of leaks from boats and runoff from land, then this oil pollution is from _____________. a.underground sources b.point sources c.non-point sources d.background sources Which of the following fishing methods would be most appropriate if a fisherman wants to catch benthic fish? a.longline fishing b.upper trawling c.driftnets d.bottom trawling 60.Which of the following ocean areas would be a true protected area, free of fishing? a.marine reserves b.forest preserves c.marine protected areas d.collapse recovery zone 61.Which of the following is true regarding marine reserves? a.They tend to increase species diversity. b.They tend to increase mortality of reserve organisms. c.They tend to decrease the biomass of organisms in the reserve. d.The average size of reserve organisms was reduced. 62.Ocean water is 96.5% water by mass. Most of the remainder consists of _____________. a.carbon dioxide b.the nutrients nitrogen and potassium. c.ions from dissolved salts d.oil from human and natural causes. 63. Which of the following is NOT a bycatch of longline fishing? a.albatross and other sea birds b.benthic organisms c.turtles d.sharks
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