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ENVR 1401

by: sarahluvscookies

ENVR 1401 ENVR 1401

Richland College
GPA 3.8

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Test 1 Study guide
Environmental Science 1401
Estifanos Haile
Study Guide
Science, Environmental Ethics, Environmental Studies, Environment, Energy and the Environment, Environmental Studies Major, Physiological Science, Life Science, Earth Science, Geology, environmental1401
50 ?




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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by sarahluvscookies on Thursday October 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ENVR 1401 at Richland College taught by Estifanos Haile in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Environmental Science 1401 in Science at Richland College.

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Date Created: 10/06/16
t\ EI.M-1401- Exam-l Name: problems, ariskanalysis isusuallyperformed: 1. Insolving environmental .a. toprovide public awareness and endorsement b. tomonitor the i-pi"ionsessment and modeling ofthe problem c. tosolicitpuUfic about how evidence should be interpretedwhe' selectinga course of action or doing nothing d. to analyzethe potentialeffectofan intervention e. a riskanalysisisnot necessary inresolving environmental problems orbehaviors include: 2. Examples of non-sustainablehuman activities a. recycling b. attempts tolimit human population growth usinglechnologa to improve car nileage c. a ifthey were presentin unlimited quantities d. use of nonreneivable r"rour.", e. conservationPractices allof thefollowing EXCEPT: 3. Poverly isassociatedwith a. low lifeexPectancY b. illiteracy c. accessto healthservices d. utrition e. unsafe drinkingwater 4. Theories: a. cannot be tested. b. are thesame ashYPotheses. c. can be usdd top."di"t theexistence ofas-yet unobserved thingsor phenomena' thesame asfacts. d. are e. are rarelyshown tobe true. order toestimate human impact on the environment we can: 5. In a.multip|ysaffluenceperpersontimesresourcesneededand - wastes p b.multiplyumberofyearsdividedbynumberofpeople:I:RxY +p rate times consumption patterns dividedby available resources:I:B x c + s. multiplybirth R I: P + T d'. Divide number ofpeople by resources needed and wastes produced: ".,Non.ofthesechoices;the-humanimpactcannotbemeasured scientists 6. In addressing environmental problems, several stagescan be followed. For example, when discovered anexplosion ofratpopulation on an isolated island,hey assessed theproblem and formulated a model that suggested ifarat predator isintroduced, thenthe ratpopulation will be significantlydecreased. in addressing'thisenvironmental problem might be: The next step a. action. Scientistssprinkleratpoison throughout theisland. Several residentsdie. b. public education and involvement. Hold town meetings to inform island residentsthe costs bf ratpredator introduction,a ratsterilizationrogram, rat bounty program, or no intervention. c. politicalaction.A rat-infested island doesnot luretouristsso something MUST be done. d. a risk analysis.Ifamongoose is introduced tocontrol the rat,hat are thepossible effects of thisintervention? itisdiscovered that the e. evaluation. After therelease ofthe initialongoose population, mongoose isNOT a ratpredator. 7. What is the correctsequence of steps in thescientificethod? I. State theproblem III. Analyze and interpretthe data- m. Develop a hypothesis IV. Share theresultswith other scientists V. Design and perform an experiment to testthe hypothesis a. I-il-m-IV-V b. III-I_V-il-IV c. I-m-V-II-IV d. v-tv-ilI-il-I e. V-II-I-III-ry 8. Which ofthe following represents an idea associatedwith environmental sustainability? a. The. capacity ofthe environment to absorb toxinsis unlimited. b. The human population continues to gtow. c. We areusing fossilfuels asifthey were presentin unlimited supply. d. The Earth'sresources are not present in infinite supply ofthese choices e. None 9. Environmental sustainabilityimplies: of the naturalenvironment a. the actionsofhumans directly impactingthe wellbeing b. futuregenerations will have the resources necessaryfor qualityof life c. a sharedglobal responsibilityfor conservation practices d. theenvironment can function indefinitely withoutgoing intoa declinefrom the stresses imposed by human society on naturalsystems e. all ofthesechoices 10. Which of the following represents a common-pool resource? a. freshwater b. atmosphere c. forests d. marine fisheries e. all ofthesechoices are correct 11. Earth Day: a. is celebratedexclusively in the U.S. b. was initiatedby the U.S. Senate in 1970. c. has gained support for the environment within one or two major religions. d. islargely a government-sponsored event. e. focuses on what individuals can do toprotect the environment. 12. Laws thatimpose rules and regulations and setlimits ofpollution are called: a. command and control. b. environmental impact statements. c. legislativedocuments. d. legislativedirectives. e. environmental'direeti+es. 13. One approach topollution control is incentive-basedregulation.In this tactic: a) industriesadopting specific pollution controlmethods recommended by the government are rewarded. b) industriesur" .n"ou*ged to emit an amount ofpollution thatis economically most desirable forthat company. c) pollution controllaws establish emission targetsand industriesare provideden+ieemertste.Soreduce emissions. Suu:r cl 14. According to the EPA's Draft Report on the Environment2003,levels of wet sulfate,a major component of acid rain,have dropped by 20-30% since 1990. This success may be attributedto: Act (1970) a. National Environmental Policy b. C[ean Air Act(1977) c. Clean Water Act d. Earth Day 1990 (Think globally, actlocally) e. Clean Air Act Arnendments of 1990 15. Put the following historicalviews of the environment in the correctchronological sequence. possible' I. Frontierttitude:desire toconquer and exploit natureas quickly as IIBiocentric preservationists:beliefthat alllifedeserves respect and consideration. il.Utilitarianconservationist: view of environment in terms of usefulness forpeople. demonstrates support ofenvironmental quality by planting trees,cleaning roadsides IV.Earth Day celebrant: and riversand marching in parades. a. I-il-ilI-IV b. v-il-il-I c. I-m-il-IV d. III_IV-I-il e. IV-il-I-m 16. Pollution isconsidered an external cost because: a. ithas aharniful effectbome only by people who purchased the product thatcatsed it. b. its costo the environment is notreflected inthe priceof the product thatproduces it. ithas a significantimpact on the consumer's decision to buy theproduct thatcauses it. c. were aware of it. d. itisa hidden cost thata*ould produce increased demand iftheconsumer e. itis an advertisedcost thatmay affectconsumer demand for a given product. \ I7 . Which of the following gave authority tothe presidenttopstablish forest reserveson federallyowned land? \ a. Northwest Forest Plan b. General Revision Act o. frontierattitude d. Antiquities Act e. The FifthAmendment 18. Use theI:PAT equation tocalculate the environmental impact interms of COz emissions per year atthe per person, beginning ofthe 21'tCentury, when there were 6 billionpeople, an average of 0.1 motor vehicles and 5.4 tons ofCOz emitted by each car per year. a) 3.24 trilliotons ofcarbon tons ofcarbon b) 6.48 billion c) 3.24 billiontonsof carbon d) 16.1 billiontons ofcarbon population 19. According to thelIN, 40%o of the world's human population lives inpoverty. Using the2074 estimate of 7.1billion,calculate approximately how many individuals are livingin poverfy. a)276 million b) 1.76 billion c)2.84 billion d) 4.76 billion 20. In 1960, the population ofthe world was 3 billion.How many years did ittake t a) 10 years I F) b) 2o years 9K = c) 30 years d) 40 years 21. Which of the following isNOT a common-pool resource? a) The atmosphere b) The oceans c) Rivers and lakes d) Oil reseryes e) Ecosystem biodiversity 22. Which of the following is not oneof the threefoundations ofsustainable development? a) Sound environmental deeisions b) Viable economic decisions c) Equitable socialdecisions d) Authoritative policy decisions 23. The "Frontiermentality" includesall ofthe following except: a) resources arethere to be used b) Resources should be consumed at a sustainable rate c) ifresources are depleted inone area, move on tothe next d) resources are inexhaustible e) the land isimproved by changing it 24.Which ofhefollowiappeatonot taintac.cotherighof futureerations? _ a) Safefy dispohazardous waste b)Planninfor automobile fuel standartoyoup ovtime c)Developiatown'seconombyharvestioldrowtforests e)Developing trolaninta3O-yearotatiteaklantation 25.Whichofthefollowing fairelativeastoavoibuthaa mordetrimental eonthe environmeand resource depletion? a) Increasinbetweericandpoorcountries b) Ovecon-sumptofnatural resources - c) Increasinglationgrowth Give short answers followingestions 26.escribe two maicategorofresources anenvironmenissuefaciboth. \il;n"*rlo* r€soucc-€-s c'r\e\ 6rr et-*loiJ-- resoulrt-q1 .^tgoo€^ o{ .esl-utLs - Wrtt'^ Ae Jt* L r c\\n -h'u'rnno\ns qre *1- as faK^nl .. YtneWJur" r eos"rf"trt r, o"r,ut'"t and-T!;":'*i^i T;,fi: .aJ;-; {<a( onc\ $.Ls+a,Jt'o ffi :il-T*;ff*-r*HxrLrlrx.exhaustrot.o* 6p6yola\€%auru-:, oG ; r,^s+,c\^ A;*So,.f \\ 'iirr\nln b\^b e lc rcsuu c4S r * *{. 27. What.ioverallgoalof and \,'rrll .. ct^ ed '1Vw ol envrrr:nrrcfta'l ffJ 'o':oJ\ + 6rmtv\u- and so.\enLL o[ hun a-n de\e\'rv\tr-e 't"a-acttns o'uY noN c*{e c+ tt \\Qe crnd od t €nv\y.xlft n*,, ff* rml.i] tul"tFt-' \{nPat1 a\ \1 \ ,rWhatrthereatest differencesentificthesis,ndla/principle? -fl-h,PDft\osl\\ an efluca*<C qulss bas"a un firt- h+s +D rre lcs+ed)and noq$ be Frs,wn-\ne.- -,.,-eco nt*:W ,ff- 4yv{Y14@n lr>e uvd fu Prcdrc F ex ts-\<ntof O'*y*-d,p1^0ndTy\OfO, O,-6i c^'O 4 6r ccrnprl'Crhtft of hqplwstr nq o* In of h utrtd -tD us h urnaafi, -'H ffi$i;hry*ffond re w^#^.ffrcJqAI-cUffmtSS *t= "t * + u,\? bc,rfh\rc a \e" "f ' . rarr\rnltrtan'[i'n,*-A A ^-^cJ \ disDescribetheorman-made)at ffi"[rheardbout.m,n,Hffi$,;\l.:"t$*- are ,aM t claq cnv\n'Tlr\re'n1€A'l lv.-Z.S^€- \-\ i i."-


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