Study Guide 2
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by baileyxx on Friday October 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to TCF 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Kristen Warner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 218 views.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
TCF 100 Test 2 Study Guide 10/12/16 ▯ Documentary and Sports Documentary ▯ Elements of Documentary Films (Corrigan) ▯ Non-fiction vs. Non-narrative documentary ▯ Non-fiction • Primarily associated with documentary films - give factual descriptions of actual events, persons, or places rather than their fictional / invented re-creation - use same info. as documentary but presented in an entertaining & easy to follow way Non-narrative - eschew / de-emphasize stories & narratives - employ forms such as lists, repetition or contrasts as their organizational structure - EX: create a visual list, repeat a single image as an organizing pattern, alternate between objects in a way that suggests different fundamental contrasts - can embed stories but those are usually secondary to the non-narrative pattern • Clearly suggest distinct ways of seeing the world ▯ What allegiances do narrative & documentary hold? Narrative - dramatic storytelling Documentary - recording of reality, education of viewers, presentation of poetical / social analyses ▯ Organizational documentary POV Documentary organizations: show / describe experiences in a way that differs from narrative films ▯ Cumulative Organization •Present a catalog of images / sounds throughout the course of the film - may be a simple series w/ no recognizable logic connecting the images Contrastive Organization •Presents a series of contrasts / oppositions meant to indicate the different points of view on its subject - may alternate between images of war & peace or between skylines of different cities - can distinguish positive / negative events - may suggest a more complicated relationship between objects or individuals Developmental Organization narrative logic or structure but still follows a logic of change or progression hat has a non- ▯ Rhetorical Positions • Organizational points of view that shape formal practices accruing to certain perspectives attitudes ▯ Non-narrative film can be entirely or partially fictional, conversely a non-fiction film can be constructed as a narrative Documentaries are never objectively true • All documentaries… - employ storytelling & dramatization to some degree to shape their material - employ same subjective cinematic visual language - no subject knowingly filmed can ever behave as they would off camera - have personal perspective on subject matter ▯ Four basic frameworks to documentary - effort to explore the world and it’s people - interrogate / analyze an event or problem - assumes stance of a debater who attempts to persuade the audience - foregrounds and reflects presence & activity of filmmaking process ▯ Documentary should be re-characterized as a Creative Treatment of Reality ▯ ESPN 30 for 30 • Celebration of ESPN’s 30 years • Documentary form treats sports in a more authentic and detailed manner than other programming • Allows artistic creativity from directors when creating a documentary • Overthrows HBO’s sports position as the most prominent producer of sports documentaries - claim ESPN films encourages playfulness and experimentation - suggest that documentaries can be entertaining, informative, detailed and thoughtful • Describe their programs as “films that just so happen to be on television” • Want to use the documentaries to tell a larger story of what sports meant in that era & where they intersected w/ that era Narrates sport history while tying it along w/ ESPN history • ▯ June 17, 1994 • Director, Brett Morgan, calls it experimental meaning the audience feels as through they are experiencing it not just watching a film about it • Constructed production entirely from archive footage w/o voiceover, narration, or interviews • Events - OJ Simpson’s Case - Stanley Cup - Nicks defeat Rockets - Royals ad Seattle baseball game - U.S. Open - World Cup • Framework - Explorative - Reflective • walks through footage from different event of that day, doesn’t persuade-walks through everyones emotions from the day, rebuilds what day looked like w/ footage ▯ New Media ▯ Strike TV and YouTube • Strike TV is a web-video network • Mission - act of revolt against the industry & YouTube, showcase independent films and web series made by professionals working outside the industry system - content had better writing and cinematography than what’s traditionally on YouTube • “Problem of YouTube” - control over the growing market for web videos - “viral” web-stars lack consistency and stability in viewers • TV still has the advantage - advertiser-friendly - capable of bringing in new professionals, - stressing quality (production)along with quantity ▯ Web Series • Won’t ever be more popular than TV and film - overall market is much smaller - most of the important and noteworthy projects made for the web are made by either a traditional institute or by people w/ strong connections to them • Indie Web • Propose that web series can what traditional media can’t 1. Illustrate alternative ways of producing new kinds of stories (narrative & genre experimentation) 2. Experiment w/ new practices in marketing 3. Explore new ways of advertising 4. Identify new methods of distribution (getting content to people) 5. Determine new ways of assessing value of content (what kinds of serials do consumers want? / what will make them stay loyal to the show?) Web Series • Offer advisors and consumers… 1. Ways to connect w/ consumers / users in an increasingly difficult marketplace 2. Ways to correct gender, racial, sexually oriented representations in mainstream media 3. Ways to allow new content producers access into the industry ▯ Dr. Horrible's Sing-Along Blog • $200,000 budget • Mostly shot in Universal Studios backlot • Ignored traditional TV rule by having a 42 min runtime Recouped production costs • • Proved potential profitability of original online content • Consequence of the strike - development of autonomous online entertainment programming is accelerated • Aped TV distribution models by uploading the three acts for free viewing over the course of a week & later making them available on iTunes and on DVD ▯ New Media • Interactive media technology - internet - video games • Characteristics of new media - digital - interactive - social - asynchronous - multimedia - narrowcasting ▯ Web Series watched in class… Misadventures of Awkward Black Girl: halloween H+: technology in the brain - biggest budget Marble Hornets: found footage - smallest budget Lizzie Bennett Diaries: pride & prejudice ▯ Story telling in the age of Virtual Identity • Story helps construct the world in specific ways - engages audience - helps them grapple with intangible concepts like morality, appropriateness, and fairness because audiences generally hate randomness, inexplicability, and ambiguity • Creates overshadowing narratives to distract • Characteristics stories must have to be captivating - universality - shared values - the ability for an audience to feel in control • Dominante stories in this era… - bullying - cat-fishing - identity theft ▯ Technology & Youth Stories around what happens to us online becomes more prominent • • 93% of young people surveyed own a computer • 96% of young people own a mobil phone • Ability to be connected to others through anytime, anywhere technology has expanded our sense of place, what it means to be social, and revamps our community experience ▯ Catfish • Described as a reality thriller • Tagline - “not based on a true story... not inspired by true events... just true.” • Questions about authenticity emerge but make it even more compelling • Technology used - Facebook - google maps - messaging - YouTube - real-estate site - GPS - email (computer) - text message (phone) • Documentary approach - reflective - analyzes • shows the story as it happened and tries to get the truth out
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