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EMU / Product design and development / PDD 021530 / What is the bourgeoisie according to karl marx?

What is the bourgeoisie according to karl marx?

What is the bourgeoisie according to karl marx?


School: Eastern Michigan University
Department: Product design and development
Course: Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Professor: Bradley ensor
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Cost: 25
Name: Class Notes from BOTH 10/4/16 and 10/6/16
Description: This week I uploaded both notes from Tuesday 10/4/16 and Thursday 10/6/16 classes so you could have both for the price of one!
Uploaded: 10/07/2016
8 Pages 141 Views 1 Unlocks


What is the bourgeoisie according to karl marx?


10latie Exam I is Tuesday, October 11th. of study Guide is posted on Canvas!

Short answer questions are weighted heavier on exau!

a prompted for 3 paragraphs.

Different perspectives on classes in

Capitalism example of world view -

e max Weber

What are the proletarians according to karl marx?

- Upper, middle & lower classes - Distinctions based on income & wealth - De-emphasizing relationships

- Popular views among wealthy.

• Karl Marx

- Bourgoisie: own resources, technology, & profits. -- Proletariansi no resources - exchange labor

What is the meaning of bond societies?

for wages. - Emphasizes relationships - Popular among workers & under developed.. nations - more common in social sciences We also discuss several other topics like What does gunning mean by cinema of attractions?

To understand relationships among people.


Sociopolitical Organization


General Associations

Cross-cultural associations for generalization

- for basic understanding of what life is like for people in different Sociopolitical types.

Band societies

- all are based on to Tribe Societies - most practice Horticulture Chiefdom societies We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of a neural tube in the developing brain structure?

- most practice Agriculture

• state societies

- All are supported by Agriculture

Modes of Production :

- means of productions

• Resources used

- Technology used (tools) product mode: The social way of producing thing

defined by social relations of production. - Social Relations of production

o who owns I controls the means of production?

& who does the producing?


• Kinship mocks of production We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of tensile fractures in rock deformation?

10l4lle - Kin groups


Extended household

• Kindred o lineage or clan

• Bands, Tribes $ Chiefdoms * Kindred is NOT a group, it refers to If you want to learn more check out What is the saturated adiabatic lapse rate?

geneological network of relationships,

Just network never group. - action group can be used to form short term group

• All members have rights to their kin group's means of production

- Lands, etc. Collectively owned.

• Everyone in the Kin group is to share work & Products


o Collective obligation to preserve means If you want to learn more check out Why is culture considered as people's way of life?

For future generations of members.

Tributary Mode of Production Tribute! People forced to produce surplus

taken by nobility

• Lords: Noble Kin groups own land &

receive Surplus tribute).



• Sexts: No ownership, labor for

nobility in exchange for Subsistence, Belationship based on threat or force. Corvée Labor: Commoners' labor used for : If you want to learn more check out What was the cause for the emergence of modernization in europe?


• Palaces

• Roads Capitalist mode of production

o 17th Century origins

• Bourgoisie - own the means of production (private property).

• own resulting Commodities (surplus) because they own the means of


Proletarians - no means of production

"sell labor to the bourgoisie they get "wage" in return.

. Compensation for labor (to use on market)

• Ability to reproduce the labor

o Revista Ship is based on monetary

Buying power. exchange.



Peasents: farmers with family-owned plots of land.

. . Subsist off their farms

- Sell surplus on market Found in:

margins of tributary states.

Not to be confused with serfs. Capitalist states

Sudu SOU



Thursday soloelie

* Exchange systems &

- How products are distributed to Within.

& among groups a - Culturally Expected Exchange Principles

- Cviolations lead to social conflicts) * 3 Sub-categories of Reciprocity 7*

Generalized Beciprocity

o no immediate return (when something is given no immediate return is expected @)

ocvalue" not considered (you give because you have)

• Example: San, Southern Africa

• Balanced Reciprocity

lo immediate or prompt return

• Equal value

• Example: The Kula hing (of exchange) Melanesia Negative hecipacity

• To get something of greater value

To place others in de bt (so that they are endebted to you to gain power over then).

* To gain power

• Example: ubuti Congo Forest Redistribution

o centralized pooling

- leaders

• Redistribution ... example: Yunnan, China

- Social Security

Ceremonies Feasts - Between regions

)) اما O |


Potlatch Northwest Pacific Coast

Fighting with property"

"teasting with thine themy"

• Marketplace Exchange

o value = Average labor tasse

• Exchange of goods

• Money: medium of exchange

example Oaxaca, Mexico


• Capitalist Markets

Average labor time + overhead costs

+ Speculation

+ Profit

= value (price

of commodity to you)


o Coexistance of_Exchange Principles

• Some societies have different principles exchange for different social context.

. Each context has a culturall I expected principle of exchange.



Cross-Cultural Generalizations on modes, sociopolitical Organization 3

Primary principal of Exchange *

Kinship modes of pproduction o Bands: reciprocity

Tribesar reciprocity Bredistribution e Chief clans: redisti loution

95% of

human existance

Tributary Modes of production

• States: redistribution & markets 5% of human

existance Capitalist mode of production

• States: markets

0.3% of human


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