PSY 270 Midterm Study guide for Chapters 6 and 7
PSY 270 Midterm Study guide for Chapters 6 and 7 PSY 270
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samantha Grissom on Friday October 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 270 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Staff in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
PSY 270 Midterm Study guide (Chapters 67) *this does not include the information we will cover in class on Monday* MULTIPLE CHOICE 1) At what age does a child’s vocabulary grow drastically in number? a. 12 months b. 24 months c. 18 months d. 10 months 2) Which theory of attachment believed that children need to develop object permanence before they develop an attachment? a. Behavioral theory b. Cognitive theory c. Contact comfort theory d. Psychoanalytic theory 3) Which of these are the most important factors to predict attachment to fathers? a. Number of times spent caring for an infant’s needs b. Amount of quality time spent with the infant c. Number of affectionate interactions with the infant d. Both B and C e. All of the above 4) Slow, labored speech with simple sentences is caused by a. Damage of Broca’s Area b. Damage to the Wernicke’s Area c. Damage to the Angular Gyrus d. Learning deficit from an early age 5) There is a critical period in language development. a. True b. False 6) Which of these is NOT a benefit of using sign language? a. Children can communicate at a faster speed b. Enhances selfesteem c. A child’s vocabulary is increased d. Children can communicate earlier 7) What type of vocabulary is used when a child refers to all animals as one name until he/she learns the true names of the animals? a. extension b. Receptive c. Expressive d. overextension 8) Words that aren’t reinforced into an infant’s vocabulary a. Are eventually replaced with new words b. Stay in his/her vocabulary c. Disappear over time d. Show up at a later age 9) Which of these is a way parents can help enhance their child’s language growth? a. Ask their child questions b. Read to them c. Use motherese d. All of the above 10)There is no hope for younger children to make any attachments once separated from their caregivers. a. True b. False 11)What is Motherese? a. A language only mothers speak b. A language of high pitched speech directed at infants c. A language that uses slow, complex sentences directed at infants d. A language used only to pets 12)Which of these is a prelinguistic vocalization? a. Echolalia b. Babbling c. Intonation d. All of the above 13)Children have an innate tendency to learn a language. a. True b. false 14)When a child approaches the general nominal stage of vocabulary development, he/she a. Names objects b. Names people c. Names objects that move d. Says his/her actions 15)Which theory states that caregivers are both reinforcers and love objects? a. Contact comfort theory b. Ethological theory c. Psychoanalysis theory d. Behavioral theory MATCHING A. Jean Piaget K. Echolalia B. Primary 1) The theorist C. Secondary L. Receptive vocabulary D. Circular who focused E. Object permanence M. Expressive vocabulary F. Sociocultural theory on the G. Zone of proximal development N. Referential H. Scaffolding stages of I. Visual recognition memory O. Overextension J. Language P. Psycholinguistic theory Q. Freud R. Erickson S. Behavioral theory T. integrational transmission of attachment development and created the Cognitive Theory of development 2) The theory stating that children interact between their environment and innate factors to acquire language 3) The total number of words that children understand the meaning of 4) The ability to discriminate previously seen objects from new objects based on being shown the object repeatedly 5) Term referring to the focus on the infant’s body movement 6) The theory that believed children learn attachment through conditioning 7) Term referring to the focus on an object’s movements 8) Adults provide a situation in to give structure to the way a child learns 9) Repeating vowel and consonant combinations 10)Term referring to repetitive actions have affect a child’s environment 11)The theorist who believed that an infant’s important need is the mother’s sensitivity to all of the infant’s needs 12)A systematic, meaningful arrangement of symbols that provide the basis for communication 13)Recognizing that objects exist even when they can’t be seen 14)The total number of words that children are able to say 15)The theory that offspring have a higher likelihood of being securely attached to their parents if their parents were securely attached to their parents 16)The theory that focused on teaching infants and how they learn 17)Type of language development that uses language to label certain objects 18)When skilled partners introduce the intellectual tools of society to an infant 19)Using words in situations in which the meaning of a word is extended 20) The theorist who believed that an infant’s important needs are food and the needs for FILL IN THE BLANK 1) The _________ and _____________ areas are the areas of the brain associated with language. 2) Children use their mothers as a _________ ________ when introduced to new environments or objects. 3) What type of vocabulary do children develop first? (Expressive or Receptive) 4) The brain loses its ___________ during adolescence. 5) _________________ is the stage of development when children start naming specific people in their lives, such as Mama and Dada. 6) The case study about Genie tells us there is a __________ period language, not a ___________ period. 7) Damage to the ______ ____________ can impair or destroy an individual’s ability to speak. 8) A caregiver’s reaction to an infant’s _________________ affects attachment. 9) Piaget called children ___________ _________________. 10)If parents were securely attached to their parents, it is ____________ (likely, unlikely) that their offspring will be securely attached to them. Answers!!! MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. C 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. B 6. A 7. D 8. C 9. D 10. B 11. C 12. D 13. A 14. A 15. C MATCHING 1. A 2. P 3. L 4. I 5. B 6. S 7. C 8. H 9. K 10. D 11. R 12. J 13. E 14. M 15. T 16. F 17. N 18. G 19. O 20. Q FILL IN THE BLANK 1. Broca’s and Wernicke’s 2. Home base 3. Receptive 4. Plasticity 5. Specific nominal 6. Sensitive, critical 7. Left hemisphere 8. Temperament 9. Miniature scientists 10. Likely
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