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Geography Exam 2 Study Guide

by: Lauren Price

Geography Exam 2 Study Guide Geography 101

Lauren Price
GPA 4.0

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Study guide for the test on Europe
World Geography
Erik Nicholas Johanson
Study Guide
geography, europe
50 ?




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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lauren Price on Friday October 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Geography 101 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Erik Nicholas Johanson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 157 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Geography at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 10/07/16
Geography Exam 2 Study Guide Europe Intro ­Temperate climate, North Atlantic Drift brings warm waters ­Very developed continent  ­Most of them have a very high GDP per capita ­Nordic countries are very high ranked in everything  ­US size comparison: Most are the size of one or two countries but their populations  make up the entire US Russia ­largest country in the world, covers 1/8th of inhabited land ­Spans 9 time zones and has the 8th largest economy ­143 million people ­Volga river is the longest river in Europe ­Ural Mountains run north to south, dividing line of Europe and Asia ­Caucasus Mountains, 2014 winter olympics, highest mountain in Europe, border the  Black Sea and the Caspian Sea  ­Trans­Siberian highway, 6000 miles ­Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world  ­Mt. Elbrus ­Russian stereotypes ­Matryoshka dolls  ­Siberia is the Asian side of Russia ­Ivan the terrible, Russian czar ­October Revolution: Lenin’s death led to Stalin’s rise and later the Great Purge, WW2,  and Cold War. Established as Socialist state  ­1991 the Soviet Union dissolved into 15 post­soviet states ­Boris Yeltsin was the first president after Soviet Union, had a drinking problem ­Vladimir Putin 1999­current day president, authoritarian regime  ­Gazprom regime is essentially being run by Putin, natural gas, supplies Europe with  25% of it  ­Moscow is current capital, second most billionaires in any city  ­Kremlin is where Putin lives ­St. Basil’s Cathedral built by Ivan the Terrible ­Vodka ­Human rights issues, criminalized gay rights, young women are kidnapped and used as sex workers, mail order brides, gender inequality  ­Crimean Peninsula, heavily Russian area ­Ukraine is torn because half of population is Russian and wants to join Russia while the other half doesn’t ­Separatist fighting in Chechnya near Sochi  Nordic Countries  ­Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, and Sweden ­Also called Northern Europe  ­Nordic is usually referred to the Norse explorers, Vikings ­Aurora Borealis ­ The Northern Lights ­Have very little military other than Coast Guards and low crime rates Iceland  ­Iceland is covered in more greenery while Greenland is covered in ice  ­Iceland is on the Mid­Atlantic Ridge, in between the North American plate and Eurasian plate causing lots of volcanic eruptions  ­They use a lot of natural energy ­Best economic activity is fishing  ­Reykjavik is the capital and about the size of Knoxville  ­The Blue Lagoon: large hot springs Norway ­Capital is Oslo ­Fjord: narrow and deep inlets of water with high cliffs on either sides  ­Economy was traditionally fishing but is now oil  ­Norwegian snowy owl (Hedwig from Harry Potter)  Sweden ­Capital is Stockholm  ­Sami: indigenous people who herd reindeer Finland ­Capital is Helsinki  ­Highest ranking education system in the world ­Teachers are paid as much as doctors and lawyers  ­Smorgasbord, huge Christmas dinner  ­Saunas  Denmark ­Capital is Copenhagen  ­Hans Christian Anderson lived here and wrote The Little Mermaid  The British Isles  ­UK: England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales ­Great Britain: England, Wales, and Scotland  ­Republic of Ireland is separate from Northern Ireland and not with the UK  Republic of Ireland ­Warm waters and lots of precipitation ­Irish Potato Famine: 1845, affected 25% of the population ­Capital is Dublin ­1 pub for every 26 people ­St. Patrick brought Catholicism back to Ireland, even though he was Scottish ­Leprechauns used to be thought of as old, tall, thin men  ­Economic activity is sheep herding and fishing  ­Shamrock was supposudly used to explain the Trinity  Northern Ireland ­Titanic was built here ­Capital is Belfast England ­Capital is London ­Big Ben was named after Sir Benjamin Tower, renamed the Elizabeth Tower ­Palace of Westminster, House of Parliament, 10 Downing Street is where Prime  Minister Theresa May lives  ­Queen lives in Buckingham Palace  ­Stonehenge is still unknown as to why it was built. Maybe a burial ground, a place of  healing, celestial observatory, or aliens?  ­Banksy, anonymous British graffiti artist and political activist, founded Dismaland Germany ­Capital is Berlin, host of 1936 Olympics before WW2, capital of Nazi Germany, East  Germany, Prussia, and the german Empire ­Brandenburg Gate ­Berlin Wall  ­Similar area of New Mexico  ­Diverse landscape; Alps to the south and the North Sea and Baltic Sea to the north ­3 major rivers run through Germany: Danube, Rhine, Elbe  ­Temporal climate ­Black Forest ­German Chancellor is Angela Merkel  ­Has the most asylum seekers in the EU ­They feel like they have to accept them based on their history (everyone fled Germany  during WW2 to other countries and were accepted)  Vatican City ­Has its own sovereignty ­Smallest country in the world European Union ­Composed of 28 member states ­Has a set of laws and regulation that apply to all states, with some *s  ­Exceptions: UK with the pound, Ireland was not part of the Schengen Agreement (EU  residences can move and live freely between all EU states) Refugee Crisis  ­Displaced person: forced from home but is relocated within political borders ­Asylum seeker: forced from their home and has crossed international borders ­Refugee: legitimate fear of persecution by reasons of religion, race, nationality, political opinion, or social group membership  ­According to the 1951 UN convention, later a 1967 protocol, countries are supposed to  let these people into their borders and give them a change to claim refugee status and  have equal access to resources  Western Europe (Spain and France) ­These countries are not all the same within their borders. Their people are very  different even from one city to the other  ­Diverse in culture, language, and ethnicity ­Pyrenees separates the two countries  France ­Brittany in upper left France is a celtic center and some speak a different language ­1968 biggest radical rebellion, baby boom generation rioting  ­One of the highest population of Muslims in Europe ­Paris is the center of gov, movie, fashion, etc. Primate city, but has declined as a  finance city  ­Roma (people from Romania) are hated and forced out of their homes and can’t find  jobs ­Michelin and Airbus are French companies Spain ­Basque country  ­Madrid is the center of government while Barcelona is the cultural center  ­Catalan was formally banned in the 40s ­Galicia is the celtic corner  ­Same year Columbus came to America was the Spanish Inquisition, banished Jews  and Muslims  ­La Sagrada Familia has taken over 130 years to build and still isn’t finished, cathedral architect was Antoni Gaudi  ­Iberian Peninsula: one of the poorer areas in Western Europe, constant tension  between central government and Spain’s regions, especially Basque and Catalan Recent Social Issues  ­November 2015 Paris terrorist attacks  ­Ban of the burkini/hijab in France  ­France suburb riots: high Muslim population, police brutality, high gang rates, poverty,  poor housing, high unemployment rates, isolated from society ­Madrid 2005 train bombings  Islam in Spain  ­Moorish stronghold 711­1492 ­Difficulties in assimilation, social and geographical isolation ­Most intended to work for a few years and go home, but stayed and brought families  ­High unemployment, lower education, more poverty


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