Geography Exam 2 Study Guide
Geography Exam 2 Study Guide Geography 101
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lauren Price on Friday October 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Geography 101 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Erik Nicholas Johanson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 157 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Geography at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 10/07/16
Geography Exam 2 Study Guide Europe Intro Temperate climate, North Atlantic Drift brings warm waters Very developed continent Most of them have a very high GDP per capita Nordic countries are very high ranked in everything US size comparison: Most are the size of one or two countries but their populations make up the entire US Russia largest country in the world, covers 1/8th of inhabited land Spans 9 time zones and has the 8th largest economy 143 million people Volga river is the longest river in Europe Ural Mountains run north to south, dividing line of Europe and Asia Caucasus Mountains, 2014 winter olympics, highest mountain in Europe, border the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea TransSiberian highway, 6000 miles Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world Mt. Elbrus Russian stereotypes Matryoshka dolls Siberia is the Asian side of Russia Ivan the terrible, Russian czar October Revolution: Lenin’s death led to Stalin’s rise and later the Great Purge, WW2, and Cold War. Established as Socialist state 1991 the Soviet Union dissolved into 15 postsoviet states Boris Yeltsin was the first president after Soviet Union, had a drinking problem Vladimir Putin 1999current day president, authoritarian regime Gazprom regime is essentially being run by Putin, natural gas, supplies Europe with 25% of it Moscow is current capital, second most billionaires in any city Kremlin is where Putin lives St. Basil’s Cathedral built by Ivan the Terrible Vodka Human rights issues, criminalized gay rights, young women are kidnapped and used as sex workers, mail order brides, gender inequality Crimean Peninsula, heavily Russian area Ukraine is torn because half of population is Russian and wants to join Russia while the other half doesn’t Separatist fighting in Chechnya near Sochi Nordic Countries Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, and Sweden Also called Northern Europe Nordic is usually referred to the Norse explorers, Vikings Aurora Borealis The Northern Lights Have very little military other than Coast Guards and low crime rates Iceland Iceland is covered in more greenery while Greenland is covered in ice Iceland is on the MidAtlantic Ridge, in between the North American plate and Eurasian plate causing lots of volcanic eruptions They use a lot of natural energy Best economic activity is fishing Reykjavik is the capital and about the size of Knoxville The Blue Lagoon: large hot springs Norway Capital is Oslo Fjord: narrow and deep inlets of water with high cliffs on either sides Economy was traditionally fishing but is now oil Norwegian snowy owl (Hedwig from Harry Potter) Sweden Capital is Stockholm Sami: indigenous people who herd reindeer Finland Capital is Helsinki Highest ranking education system in the world Teachers are paid as much as doctors and lawyers Smorgasbord, huge Christmas dinner Saunas Denmark Capital is Copenhagen Hans Christian Anderson lived here and wrote The Little Mermaid The British Isles UK: England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales Great Britain: England, Wales, and Scotland Republic of Ireland is separate from Northern Ireland and not with the UK Republic of Ireland Warm waters and lots of precipitation Irish Potato Famine: 1845, affected 25% of the population Capital is Dublin 1 pub for every 26 people St. Patrick brought Catholicism back to Ireland, even though he was Scottish Leprechauns used to be thought of as old, tall, thin men Economic activity is sheep herding and fishing Shamrock was supposudly used to explain the Trinity Northern Ireland Titanic was built here Capital is Belfast England Capital is London Big Ben was named after Sir Benjamin Tower, renamed the Elizabeth Tower Palace of Westminster, House of Parliament, 10 Downing Street is where Prime Minister Theresa May lives Queen lives in Buckingham Palace Stonehenge is still unknown as to why it was built. Maybe a burial ground, a place of healing, celestial observatory, or aliens? Banksy, anonymous British graffiti artist and political activist, founded Dismaland Germany Capital is Berlin, host of 1936 Olympics before WW2, capital of Nazi Germany, East Germany, Prussia, and the german Empire Brandenburg Gate Berlin Wall Similar area of New Mexico Diverse landscape; Alps to the south and the North Sea and Baltic Sea to the north 3 major rivers run through Germany: Danube, Rhine, Elbe Temporal climate Black Forest German Chancellor is Angela Merkel Has the most asylum seekers in the EU They feel like they have to accept them based on their history (everyone fled Germany during WW2 to other countries and were accepted) Vatican City Has its own sovereignty Smallest country in the world European Union Composed of 28 member states Has a set of laws and regulation that apply to all states, with some *s Exceptions: UK with the pound, Ireland was not part of the Schengen Agreement (EU residences can move and live freely between all EU states) Refugee Crisis Displaced person: forced from home but is relocated within political borders Asylum seeker: forced from their home and has crossed international borders Refugee: legitimate fear of persecution by reasons of religion, race, nationality, political opinion, or social group membership According to the 1951 UN convention, later a 1967 protocol, countries are supposed to let these people into their borders and give them a change to claim refugee status and have equal access to resources Western Europe (Spain and France) These countries are not all the same within their borders. Their people are very different even from one city to the other Diverse in culture, language, and ethnicity Pyrenees separates the two countries France Brittany in upper left France is a celtic center and some speak a different language 1968 biggest radical rebellion, baby boom generation rioting One of the highest population of Muslims in Europe Paris is the center of gov, movie, fashion, etc. Primate city, but has declined as a finance city Roma (people from Romania) are hated and forced out of their homes and can’t find jobs Michelin and Airbus are French companies Spain Basque country Madrid is the center of government while Barcelona is the cultural center Catalan was formally banned in the 40s Galicia is the celtic corner Same year Columbus came to America was the Spanish Inquisition, banished Jews and Muslims La Sagrada Familia has taken over 130 years to build and still isn’t finished, cathedral architect was Antoni Gaudi Iberian Peninsula: one of the poorer areas in Western Europe, constant tension between central government and Spain’s regions, especially Basque and Catalan Recent Social Issues November 2015 Paris terrorist attacks Ban of the burkini/hijab in France France suburb riots: high Muslim population, police brutality, high gang rates, poverty, poor housing, high unemployment rates, isolated from society Madrid 2005 train bombings Islam in Spain Moorish stronghold 7111492 Difficulties in assimilation, social and geographical isolation Most intended to work for a few years and go home, but stayed and brought families High unemployment, lower education, more poverty
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