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Study Guide - Oct 11

by: Bella Chapman

Study Guide - Oct 11 PHL 100

Bella Chapman

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Exam #1
Introduction to Philosophy
Khafiz Kerimov
Study Guide
intro, philosophy
50 ?




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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Bella Chapman on Friday October 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHL 100 at DePaul University taught by Khafiz Kerimov in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 132 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in Political Science, Philosophy, & Religion at DePaul University.

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Date Created: 10/07/16
Aristotle Exam Questions 5 October 2016 1. Explain the first sentence of the NE: what does it mean? Why could this  sentence lead to the problem of infinite regress, and how does Aristotle solve this  problem? Give examples. 2. Why is there a dispute about what happiness is? Why does Aristotle reject  wealth, honor and bodily pleasure as ways to attain happiness? Give examples. 3. What is the tragic element in Aristotle's ethics? Discuss the story of Priam and  the principle (originally Solon's) that Aristotle derives from this story? How does it apply to human life as well  as human action? Give examples. 4. What is virtue in general? What kinds of virtue does Aristotle list in Book II?  How are they different, and why does the human being need to have both kinds in  order to be happy? Give examples. 5. Explain Aristotle's distinction between the sublunar (changing, material) and  superlunar (changeless) world. What are the objects belongingto each? How does  the sublunar world influence the superlunar world? 6. Why does Aristotle consider theoretical contemplation to be the highest sort of  happiness? Give three (or more) reasons, and don’t forget to provide examples. 1. Explain the first sentence of the NE: what does it mean? Why could this  sentence lead to the problem of infinite regress, and how does Aristotle solve  this problem? Give examples.   Points to Mention:  "Every art and every inquiry, and likewise every action and choice, seems to aim at some good, and hence it had been beautifully said that the good is that  of which all things aim"  What all actions have in common o Every action and choices aims at good  o Any kind of work   Knowledge = good as well   Good in that persons perception   Terminal and non­terminal 7 Class Examples:  Medical knowledge ­> health   Shipbuilding skills ­> boats  Strategic arts ­> victory  2. Why is there a dispute about what happiness is? Why does Aristotle reject  wealth, honor and  bodily pleasure as ways to attain happiness? Give examples.   Points to Mention:  Happiness is the highest good   2 sorts of good o Satisfies own sake o From useful things   Happiness is non­terminal   Happiness is vague  o Everyone has different idea of happiness   4 options of happiness o Wealth ­ REJECTED ­ an instrument, on object. Happiness cannot  rely on objects o Honor ­ REJECTED ­ can be taken away and given by someone else  o Pleasure ­ REJECTED ­ relates us to animals  o Contemplation   Criteria of happiness o Something chosen and done for itself Something being related to thinking rational o o Something that is one's own endurance  o Virtue: excellence, does work well  rational soul    Class Examples:  Harpist, serious harpist  Student, serious student  3. What is the tragic element in Aristotle's ethics? Discuss the story of Priam  and the principle (originally Solon's) that Aristotle derives from this story?  How does it apply to human life as well as human action? Give examples.   Points to Mention:  Priam, father of Paris who is the husband of Helen of troy o Defended his family and city and died suddenly killed by soldiers   The future is unclear to us so tragic things happen   Anything can happen in a lifetime  Solon ­ you can't say whether a person is happy or not until they are dead  based on the story of priam. Anything can happen at any time to make a  person extreme un happy 4. What is virtue in general? What kinds of virtue does Aristotle list in Book  II? How are they different, and why does the human being need to have both  kinds in order to be happy? Give examples.   Points to Mention:  Virtue = excellence  o Accomplished very well  o Concerned with pleasure and pain   2 kinds of virtue  o Character  Courage and temperance   Habit, second nature  o Thinking   Results in teaching  Smart excellence in intelligence   First nature   EXAMPLE: Moving arm ­­­> playing guitar  5. Explain Aristotle's distinction between the sublunar (changing, material)  and superlunar (changeless) world. What are the objects belonging to each?  How does the sublunar world influence the superlunar world?   Points to Mention:  Superlunar ­ changeless ­ the sun, the moon, the stars  o Happy person should be here  Sublunar ­ changing ­ our world, material   Wisdom is better than practical judgment  6. Why does Aristotle consider theoretical contemplation to be the highest sort of happiness? Give three (or more) reasons, and don’t forget to provide  Examples   Points to Mention:  Wisdom   Do it for own sake   Happiness is  self sufficient  o Not an instrument to other things   Highest kind of pleasure   Continuity by means of contemplation requiring few things 


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