American Media and Social Institutions Vocabulary
American Media and Social Institutions Vocabulary JOUR 1020
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Breuna Hayward on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to JOUR 1020 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Katherine Ann Foss in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 10/08/16
Affiliateslocal television stations that carry the programming of a national network. Alternative NewspapersPublications that provide a different viewpoint on the news, usually one that is politically radical or otherwise out of the mainstream. Blacklistinglist of people suspected to be communists, people on the list were prevented from finding work (Red Scare era) Coercion punishment if you do not do what someone says. Concentration of Ownershiplots of mergers and media conglomerates after Telecommunications Act of 1996. ConglomeratesMultiinterest and often multinational corporations that, under one corporate roof, may manufacture a wide variety of products. Convergence term that media critics and analyst use when describing all the changes that have occurred over the past decade, and are still occurring, in media content and within media companies. Cultural Approach to Communicationcultural values, customs, etc. influence media producers to produce a certain kind of content. That content then may or may not be received by consumers, and even that may not be understood. Coauthorship is also involved in that consumers participate actively with the media. Deregulation lifting of restrictions on business, industry, and professional activities for which government rules had been established and that bureaucracies had been created to administer. Digital Communicationimages, texts, and sounds are converted (encoded) into electronic signal (represented as varied combinations of binary numbers—ones and zeros) that are then reassembled (decoded) as a precise reproduction of, say, a TV picture, a magazine article, a song or a telephone voice. Early adoptersthose who buy a new technology product early because of their love for technology. FCCan independent US government agency charged with regulating interstate and international communications by radio, tv, wire, satellite, and cable. Federal Communications Act of 1934 the far reaching act that established the FCC and the federal regulatory structure for US broadcasting Freelancersselfemployed specialists who look for side jobs. HUACThe House Committee on UnAmerican Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered UnAmerican propaganda. Ideological ConsentPrivilege one perspective so powerfully that alternatives become nearly impossible to see. InteractiveAble to act back and forth between people or things. Libelous a defamatory statement that is printed. Linear Model of CommunicationThe Magic Bullet, Direct Effects, and The Hypodermic Needle. Mass Communicationthe process of designing and delivering cultural messages and stories to diverse audience through media channels as old as the book and as new as the internet. Media the messages sent through a medium. Medium the device or method that is used to communicate a message. MuckrakersJournalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public. Page 1 of 3 Narrowcastingany specialized electronic programming or media channel aimed at a target audience. Objective model the era of objectivity, "just the facts" journalism. Partisan pressan early dominant style of American journalism distinguished by opinion newspapers, which generally argued one political point of view or pushed the plan of the particular party that subsidized the paper. Payolathe unethical practice of record promoters paying deejays or radio programmers to favor particular songs over other. Penny Pressrefers to newspapers that, because of innovations in printing, were able to drop their price to one cent beginning in the 1830s, thereby making papers affordable to working and emerging middle classes and enabling newspapers to become a genuine mass medium. Phonographinvented by Thomas Edison in 1887, the first machine capable of recording sound onto medium and mechanically playing it back. Product placementcan be used in film to increase revenue to the studio. The film can include a scene with some product, and the owner of the product could pay a hefty amount just for that scene. Radio Act of 1912 first passed by congress, it addressed the problem of amateur by operators increasingly cramming the airwaves. Radio Act of 1927 Second passed by congress, in an attempt to restore order to the airwaves, it stated that licensees did not own their channels but could license them as long as they operated in order to serve the "public interest, convenience, or necessity". Satellite radio pay radio services that deliver various radio formats nationally via satellite. Seditious anything against the country. Selective exposurethe phenomenon whereby audiences seek messages andmeanings that correspond to their preexisting beliefs and values. Selective Perceptionthe phenomenon that people often pay the most attention to things they already agree with and interpret them according to their own predispositions. SelfcensorshipThe tendency to withhold information or opinions in group discussions. Singlesponsorshipone sponsor. Star SystemA system initially developed for marketing films by creating and promoting stars as objects of admiration. The promotion of stars has now become an end in itself. Studio SystemA model of industrial organization in the film industry from about 1915 to 1946, characterized by the development of major and minor studios that produced, distributed, and exhibited films, and held film actors, directors, art directors, and other technical crew under contract. Syndicatesleasing TV stations or cable networks the exclusive right to air TV shows Tabloid M agazine that featured fake headlines to grab readers' attention. War of the Worlds radio broadcaston October 30 1938 a story on the radio directed by Orson Welles, it was so realistic people thought that aliens were actually invading. Titlingthe method of putting a title on records Wireless Ship Act the 1910 mandate that all major US seagoing ships carrying more than fifty passengers and traveling more than 200 miles off the coast be equipped with wireless equipment with a 100 mile range. Page 2 of 3 Yellow press a newspaper style or era that peaked in the 1890s; it emphasized high interest stories, sensational crime news, large headlines, and serious reports that exposed corruption, particularly in business and government Page 3 of 3
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