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MCY 131 Classical Period Study Guide

by: Maria Bucarano

MCY 131 Classical Period Study Guide MCY 131

Marketplace > University of Miami > MCY 131 > MCY 131 Classical Period Study Guide
Maria Bucarano
GPA 3.66

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About this Document

Answers to the study guide posted by Prof. Duffy. This is for the exam that was supposed to be on 10/7 but was moved to 10/14.
Understanding Music
Coreen Duffy
Study Guide
Mozart, Haydn, Classical
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Maria Bucarano on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MCY 131 at University of Miami taught by Coreen Duffy in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.

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Date Created: 10/08/16
MCY 131 | Understanding Music | Classical Period Study Guide Listening examples: 1. Haydn, String Quartet in C major Op. 76, No. 3, mvmt II (Theme & Variations) 2. Haydn, Symphony no. 102 in Bb Major, Hob.I:102, movement III (Minuet and Trio)  3. Haydn, Symphony no. 102 in Bb Major, Hob.I:102, movement IV (Rondo) 4. Mozart, Symphony no. 40 in G minor, K550, movement I (Sonata form) 5. Mozart, Piano Concerto in A Major, K. 488, movement I (Double­exposition Sonata  form) 6. Mozart, The Marriage of Figaro, "Cosa Sento" (Opera buffa) Classical Forms—how do they work in general, and in the context of the example we’re  studying?  Theme and Variations o Theme is presented and then altered in some way – through harmony, texture,  melody, dynamics, or some combination of these. o Joseph Haydn’s String Quartet in C minor, second movement: Kept the theme  almost completely intact with each variation, changing only the instrument  playing it and the musical lines surrounding it.  Minuet and Trio o Minuet Form  (A) Minuet Proper  Rounded Binary: There are two sections, and half way through the  second section the opening idea returns in tonic key, “rounding  out” the form.   (B) Trio  Binary form (AABB)  (A) Return of Minuet Proper  Rounded Binary, no repeats o Haydn’s Symphony No. 102 in Bb major, third movement is in Minuet form.  Rondo o A form in which the opening theme (A) returns repeatedly over the course of the  movement, interspersed with contrasting ideas (B, C, etc.). o Haydn’s Symphony No. 102 in Bb major, fourth movement (the “finale”) is in  Rondo form.  ABACADACA  Jaunty and bright mood  Sonata form o Exposition  Theme 1 (in tonic key, the home key)  Theme 2 (in an alternate key) o Development  Harmonic exploration and modulating  Ideas are fragmented o Recapitulation  Themes 1 & 2 in tonic key (Reason: end the piece in the same place where it started) o Mozart, Symphony no. 40 in G minor, K550, movement I is in sonata form –  presents drama in musical form.  Double­exposition sonata form o Same as Sonata form, but with 2 expositions – one for the orchestra and one for  the soloist. o Mozart, Piano Concerto in A Major, K. 488, movement I is in double­exposition  sonata form. Make sure you know a little bit about Mozart and Haydn’s lives and careers.   For the Haydn Theme and Variations: for whom did he originally write the melody?  Where has it been used since? o Haydn originally wrote the melody for the birthday of Holy Roman Emperor  Franz II o The melody has since been used in Deutschland über alles (the German national  anthem)  For the Haydn Symphony No. 102: where was Haydn living when he composed this  work? For whom did he work beforehand? o Haydn was living in London, England when he composed Symphony No. 102 o Before then, he worked as music director for Prince Esterhazy in Vienna for  almost 30 years.  What was Mozart’s career like? o Mozart was a child star on the violin and piano. He spent his adulthood searching  for job in Europe (hoping to be appointed to a royal court, but never was). To  make money he would give piano concerts, publish compositions, and give  lessons. He fell into debt (gambling?) and died at 35. He composed in every genre and style. Terminology and Concepts:  The Enlightenment o Science became more important o Clarity and naturalness – principles of Enlightenment that are portrayed through  Classical music o Homophonic texture (popular) – clarity and grace  Art of the Natural o Nature was used as a model – works had to conceal their mechanical elements,  and appear to be the product of effortless (natural) genius. o Composers still had to study the art diligently, but the goal was not to show off, it  was to touch the hearts of the listeners in a manner that was direct and seemingly  spontaneous. o Characters became more realistic in operas (ex. The Marriage of Figaro by  Mozart)  Where does the term “Classical” come from? o Music of the Classical period was the first to thrive without interruption long after composers’ deaths. “Classical” refers to Greek and Roman antiquity, which  strongly influenced the arts and architecture of this period.  What is the instrumentation of the string quartet? o 2 violins, 1 viola, 1 cello o “A conversation among four equal participants”  Periodic phrase structure: A musical structure in which antecedent and consequent phrase units make up a larger whole.  Antecedent­consequent phrases o Antecedent phrase: An opening phrase that sets up the consequent phrase to  follow. o Consequent phrase: A closing phrase that follows the antecedent phrase and  creates a sense of musical completion.  Musical appropriation: The use or adaption of a work to serve something other than its  original purpose.  o Haydn using a melody he had previously composed in String Quartet in C Minor,  second movement  Coda: A section at the end of a musical work or movement that stands outsides any  formal structure and brings the whole to a close. o There is a coda at the end of Mozart’s Symphony No. 40, first movement  Binary form: A structure that consists of two repeated halves (AABB).  Minuet & Trio form: ABA large form with mini­binary form in each big section.  Rondo form: ABACADACA  Sonata Form o Exposition: goes from tonic (home key) to contrasting key o Development: modulates (moves) all over the place; different keys o Recapitulation: starts in tonic; stays in tonic  Concerto o Double­exposition sonata form o Cadenza: Elaborate improvisation by the soloist with no accompaniment from the  orchestra. Occurs near the end of the recapitulation. o Mozart’s Piano Concerto is in double­exposition sonata form, and has a cadenza  Comic opera/opera buffa o Uses arias, recitatives, ensembles, choruses (like a serious opera) o Plots revolve around believable, everyday characters rather than mythical or  historical figures. o Ex. Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro  Accompanied recitative: Recitative accompanied by the orchestra, as opposed to by basso continuo alone. (In The Marriage of Figaro, the Count tells about his encounter with  Cherubino the day before – this part is in accompanied recitative).


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