Midterm #1: Life Science
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kristie Chan on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to at Azusa Pacific University taught by Tammy Milhon in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 10/08/16
Study Guide: Life Science Vocabulary/ Definitions Science: a process that attempts to reach demonstrable, replicable conclusions about the natural world o Key characteristics: focuses natural world, involves testable ideas, relies on evidence, involves scientific community, and uses scientific behavior (scientific method) World views: Naturalistic (evolution is sufficient) v. Theistic (God created all things) Scientific Method: Observation, Question, Hypothesis, Experiment, Results (data), Conclusion (theory) and then Repeat Hypothesis: A testable idea that may contribute to the development of a scientific theory; an educated guess based on previous research Data: Observations, measurements, or inferences recorded for later analysis. Theory: A complex explanation about how nature works that has been well tested and is supported by evidence; not a fact, not a law. Law:A description of what happens naturally under certain conditions; describes but does not explain NGSS 4 Domains:Life Science (LS)*,Physical Science (PS)*,Earth and Space Science (ESS)*,Engineering, Technology and the Application of Science (ETS) 5E Method: Engage, Explore, Explain, Elaborate, Evaluate Quizzes (bolded words are professor milhon’s writing) Quiz #1: 1. Experiences, prior knowledge, race, culture, language, socioeconomic class effect a student’s learning. 2. Knowledge is based on faces and things that can be directly observed while understanding is being able to comprehend what is observed. Knowing it is raining vs. feeling the rain, getting wet, looking at the clouds and being about to predict the rain. 3. Social constructivism is when students combine the knowledge of their peers with their own to construct new knowledge be able to further their corporate knowledge. 4. Traditional lessons consist mainly of lectures given by teachers, unintentionally requiring students to just focus on memorizing facts. Inquiry lessons encourages students to guide their own learning process through experimentation and experience. 5. One way to correct misconceptions is by allowing them to come to the correct conclusion themselves by presenting new concepts and theories that contradict their misconception. This can be done in modelbased teaching as well. They become dissatisfied with their own ideas. Quiz #2: 1. Inquiry based instruction are focused on teachers guiding and facilitating learning and challenging students in taking responsibility for their learning (asking questions), while traditional lecture based instruction is focused on teachers doing both the guiding (lecture and cookbook lab) and the investigating, not allowing students to experience it themselves. 2. As a teacher, we should fully prepare a lesson that challenge students to understand scientific concepts by focusing and supporting inquiries as well as encouraging student participation (guide, ask questions, provide scaffolding). 3. Guided inquiry is more student driven but open inquiry is MOST student driven. Structured inquiry is more teacher dependent but confirmation inquiry is the MOST teacher dependent. 4. The 2 systems of the 5E’s 5. It helps the teacher make sure that all parts of the lesson are covered, and is a natural way to structure learning. It emphasizes that the order of instruction matters. (why is it good for science inquiry though? Engage and explore). LABS Fruity Activity I notice vs. I wonder Hypothesis, Investigation, Communication, Inference, Results Option B Experiment Organs Substitute Simulation Write detailed steps Flower Power What can you infer? Can you make a hypothesis about how plants reproduce? Schema? Cells Venn Diagram Sponge Cells: not living, no internal organs, no organelles Animal Cells: no cell wall, no chloroplast, have cell membrane Plant Cells: has cell wall, big vacuole, have mitochondria, have nucleus, have chloroplast
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