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Intro to Lit midterm study guide

by: Alissa Cherry

Intro to Lit midterm study guide 13565

Marketplace > Kansas State University > English 251 > 13565 > Intro to Lit midterm study guide
Alissa Cherry
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

This study guide goes over every part of the exam, and the definitions you will need to know in order o complete part 1.
Intro Literature
Carol Franko
Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alissa Cherry on Saturday October 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 13565 at Kansas State University taught by Carol Franko in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Intro Literature in English 251 at Kansas State University.


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Date Created: 10/08/16
Part 1: Select 2 of the terms below and do the following for each: a) Define the term clearly and specifically in about 1­2 sentences b) In about 2 or 3 sentences, explain an example of the term­or apply the term to­one of the  stories covered on the exam or A Doll’s House. Be specific. Explain an example involves  linking it specifically to an accurate definition of the term.  Part 2: Identifying quotes from the short stories. Select 5 of the 8 quotation from the short stories, leaving the two omitted black and  giving the full title of the story and the author’s last name for each of the 5 you choose.  Part 3: Analyzing two quotes from the short stories Choose 2 of the quotations from part 2 and do the following: a) First, label your answer according to which quote you are discussing and give the  title of the story (Example: Quote #3 is from “The Gift Of Magi”) b) Say who is speaking in the quote (if there’s dialogue), or whose we are getting (if  the passage is expressing thoughts). Indicate briefly and as specifically as you can where the quote comes from in the plot of they story. c) Identify and explain at least two additional elements in the quotation, such as an  example of irony; a section of the quote that speaks to the theme of the story; a  section of the quote that illustrates something about the point of view, etc. Part 4: Answering two or three questions that will ask you to analyze two quotes from A Doll’s  House. One of the questions will ask you to compare/contrast where two quotes come in the  overall plot of the play. I will also be interested in asking questions about how a speech reveals  complexity and/or conflict in a character. You may be asked to assess whether Nora is a dynamic character and/or a character that we are led to sympathize with or be critical of Terms to Study 1. Plot­the author’s selection and arrangement of events to give a literary work a particular  emphasis, and plot most often involved the development of a conflict. An important  question to consider in any work is: what is the nature of the protagonist’s conflict? 2. Characters­imagined persons who inhabit a story—can be “round” multifaced—and  dynamic or “flat”—limited to a few important traits and mostly unchanging 3. Protagonist­central character who is confronted with some kind of conflict and who  engages the readers’ interest and often our sympathy 4. Antagonist­a character, force, or collection of forces in fiction or drama that opposes the  protagonist and gives rise to the conflict of the story 5. Epiphany­in fiction, refers to a character that has experienced deep revelations about  themselves 6. Flashback­refers to a scene relieved in a characters memory—may be related to the  narrator in a summary, or they may experience by the character themselves 7. Omniscient (all­knowing narrator)­a non­particpating narrator (speaking from an “outside state”) who uses the third person to tell the story and who can move freely through the  self­conscious of any character 8. Participant (first­person narrator)­a narrator who is an actor “inside” the story and who  refers to themselves as “I”—can be the protagonist or the minor character 9. Innocent (naïve character)­first person narrator who fails to understand the implications  of the story they tell. An innocent narrator, often a child or childlike adult, that is  frequently used by an author to generate irony or sympathy by creating a gap between  what the reader knows and what the narrator perceives 10. Irony­a literary technique that uses contradictory statements or situations to reveal a  contrast, gap, or between what appears to be true and what is actually true (or what turns  out to be true) 11. Theme­a primary idea that an author seems to be trying to get across in the story, whether the idea is stated outright or is brought to our attention more indirectly through the  interplay or plot, character, symbol, etc. 12. Setting­refers to the physical and social context in which the action of the story occurs a. Example: time, place, social environment Short Stories that will be on the midterm 1. “A&P” John Updike  a. Three teenage girls, wearing only their bathing suits, walk into an A&P grocery  store in a small New England town. Sammy, a young man working the checkout  line, watches them closely. He appraises their looks and notes even minute details about the way they carry themselves. 2. “The House On Mango Street” Sandra Cisneros a. The House on Mango Street covers a year in the life of Esperanza, a Chicana  (Mexican­American girl), who is about twelve years old when the novel begins.  During the year, she moves with her family into a house on Mango Street. 3. “A Clean, Well­Lighted Place” Ernest Hemingway a. Late in the morning in a Spanish café, a deaf old man is drinking, a young waiter  is angry. He insults the old man and starts being indifferent to an older waiter’s  feelings. The old man tells the young waiter to leave him alone, he’s just lonely  and while the younger waiter goes back home to his wife, the older waiter  experiences his own reality  4. “The Gift Of Magi” O. Henry a. This story takes place at Christmas time and tells the story of Jim and Della  Dillingham, a poor, young married couple who don't have enough money to buy  each other Christmas gifts. 5. “Bullet in the Brain” Tobias Wolff a. A jaded book critic, is standing on a long line at the bank. He engages in sarcastic, belittling repartee with the women on line when suddenly two ski­masked  robbers’ hat’s threatening everyone.  Anders, the book critic, seems incapable of  keeping his sarcasm in his head and as he is exploding with laughter, he is shot in  the head and the readers what he does and does not remember 6. “Everyday Use” Alice Walker  a. The story is told in first person by the "Mama", an African American woman  living in the Deep South with one of her two daughters. 7. “To Build A Fire” Jack London a. A man travels in the Yukon (in Alaska) on an extremely cold morning with a  husky wolf­dog. The cold does not faze the man, a newcomer to the Yukon, who  plans to meet his friends by six o'clock at an old claim. 8. “A Pair of Tickets” Amy Tan a. In the final story of The Joy Luck Club, Jing­mei discusses her trip to China to  meet her half­sisters, and she finishes the story of her mother's life. 9. “This is What it Means to say Phoenix, Arizona” Sherman Alexie a. In "This Is What It Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona," Victor and his friend  Thomas drive down to Arizona after the death of Victor's father. Thomas, whose  mother died in childbirth, understands Victor's loss, and the two bond on their  journey. 10. “Dead Men’s Path” Chunia Achebe a. This story is about Michael Obi, a young and energetic man excited about all  things modern who is just assigned a position to run a traditional school. 11. “A Doll’s House” Chinua Achebe a. Nora Helmer once secretly borrowed a large sum of money so that her husband  could recuperate from a serious illness. She never told him of this loan and has  been secretly paying it back in small installments by saving from her household  allowance. Her husband, Torvald, thinks her careless and childlike, and often calls her his doll. When he is appointed bank director, his first act is to relieve a man  who was once disgraced for having forged his signature on a document. This man, Nils Krogstad, is the person from whom Nora has borrowed her money. It is then  revealed that she forged her father's signature in order to get the money. Krogstad  threatens to reveal Nora's crime and thus disgrace her and her husband unless  Nora can convince her husband not to fire him. Nora tries to influence her  husband, but he thinks of Nora as a simple child who cannot understand the value  of money or business. Thus, when Torvald discovers that Nora has forged her  father's name, he is ready to disclaim his wife even though she had done it for  him.


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