New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

CH 2010 Exam 2 Study Guide

by: Sara Littlejohn

CH 2010 Exam 2 Study Guide CH 2010 (Hickman, Survey of Organic Chemistry)

Sara Littlejohn
GPA 3.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This study guide covers the material that will be on Exam 2 (10/13/2016).
Survey of Organic Chemistry
Thomas Hickman
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Survey of Organic Chemistry

Popular in Chemistry

This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sara Littlejohn on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CH 2010 (Hickman, Survey of Organic Chemistry) at Clemson University taught by Thomas Hickman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Survey of Organic Chemistry in Chemistry at Clemson University.

Similar to CH 2010 (Hickman, Survey of Organic Chemistry) at Clemson


Reviews for CH 2010 Exam 2 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/09/16
CH 2010 Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 3 Alkenes and Alkynes Naming Alkenes 1. Find the longest chain (including the double bond) 2. Give the double bond the lowest number 3. Cite locations for substituents Priority: 1. Functional Groups 2. Unsaturation 3. Parent 4. Substituents Electrophilic Addition Reactions Markovnikov’s Rule: when adding HX to an unsymmetrical alkene, the H+ of HX goes to the carbon that already has the most H-atoms Anti-Markovnikov: The H atom is added to the less substituted side - HBr/ROOR tells you the reaction is anti-mark Carbocation Stability Benzylic > allylic > tertiary > secondary > primary Anti-Mark Addition of HBr - Look for HBr/ROOR - Goes through a free radical intermediate - 3 Steps: o Initiation o Propagation o Termination - Free radicals like to: o Couple o Abstract H-atoms o Add to the double bond - Free radical stability parallels carbocation stability Acid Catalyzed Hydration to Alkenes - Typically done with 50% H2SO4 - Marks Rule applies - Mechanism: o Protonation o Nucleophilic attack o Proton removal Chapter 4 Aromatic Compounds - Requirements for Aromaticity: o Cyclic and planar o Each atom must have a p-orbital perpendicular to plane (sp 2 hybridization) o (4n + 2) π electrons- Huckel’s Rule  n has to be an integer - Substituted benzenes are named with position numbers or with prefixes Resonance Energy of Benzene - Added stability - Hydrogenations are exothermic Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution - Halogenation - Nitration o NO is2added - Sulfonation o SO i3 added o Solution has to be fuming - Alkylation (Friedel-Crafts) o Multiple substitutions are required because R groups activate the ring o Carbocation is rearranged - Acylation (Friedel-Crafts) o No rearrangements The Second Substitution - If an electrophile has a lone pair it is an activator and an o, p- director - If it is an electron withdrawing group (EWG) it is a deactivator and a m-director Exceptions: Halogens - o,p-directors because they have a lone pair but also deactiviating because of their electronegativity Alkyl Groups o o,p-directors but have no unshared electrons o R groups are electron releasing Isomers and Stereochemistry Isomer types: - Cpmstitutinal isomers - Sterioisomers o Geometric  Cis/trans o Stereocenters Geometric Isomerism - Alkenes and rings - E/Z nomenclature o highest atomic number has the highest priority o Z-high priorities on same side o E-high priorities on opposite sides - Sequence Rules o As atomic number increases priority increases o Highest mass isotope wins o If two atoms are identical, go to the next atom o Give double or triple bonds single bond equivalency Chirality - Any object that cannot be superimposed on its mirror image is said to be “chiral” - Chiral Carbon Atoms o Attached to 4 different groups o Chiral center, stereo center, stereo genic center - For a molecule to be chiral it cannot be symmetrical Fischer Projections - Commonly used for sugars - Shorthand for chiral molecules


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.