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Music Theory Exam 2 Study Guide

by: Lydia Patchett

Music Theory Exam 2 Study Guide MUS 1140 - 01

Marketplace > Wright State University > Music > MUS 1140 - 01 > Music Theory Exam 2 Study Guide
Lydia Patchett
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About this Document

This covers what will be on the second exam
Fundamentals of Music Theory
Emily Rose Watkins
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lydia Patchett on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MUS 1140 - 01 at Wright State University taught by Emily Rose Watkins in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals of Music Theory in Music at Wright State University.


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Date Created: 10/09/16
Lydia Patchett VOCABULARY:  Pitch – refers to highness and lowness of sound  Octave – two notes that have the same name but are not the same pitch  Staff – made up of five parallellines that indicate pitch  Treble Clef – this is also known as the G clef because it curves around the note name G  Bass Clef – this is also known as the F clef because the two dots are placedon either side of the note name F  Ledger Lines – extra lines used to extend the staff (either above or below)  Beat – regular pulses that provide a framework that organizes music in time  Rhythm – pattern of longer and shorted durations that form the basis for the life of a musical composition  Note – this helps indicate the beat and pitch  Tempo – used to describe the speed of the music  Repeat Sign – shows that a portionof the music should be repeated  Note head – the round part of the note  Steam– vertical line attached to the note head  Flag – added to the stem of eighth notes and sixteenth notes  Beam – used to connect a series of eighth notes and/or sixteenth notes to each other; substitutes for flags  Rest – indicates silence in the music  Tie – a curved line connecting two notes  Dot – placed to the right of a note head to increase the note’s value by 1/2  Simple division – when the beat is dividedinto two equal parts  Compound division – when the beat is dividedinto three equal parts  Accent - sounds that are stressed  Meter- a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed beats  Bar line - drawn between each group of beats ina meter  Measure - the music between two bar lines  Metersignature - time signature; consists of two numbers places at the beginning of the music  Duple-simple meter - divided into groups of two (one stressedand one not stressed)  Triple-simple meter - divided into groups of three (one stressedand two not stressed)  Quadruple simple meter - dividedinto groups of four (one stressed and three not stressed)  Common time - also known as 4/4time  Cut time - also indicates 2/2 time  Anacrusis - known as a pick-up; when a rhythm does not begin on the first beat of a measure  Subdivision - divisionof the beat into smaller note values; example: quarter note into sixteenth notes  Sixteenthnote - the divisionof eighth notes  Dottedeighth note - worth three sixteenth notes  Triplet - a compound divisionwithin simple meter (contains three eighth notes inone beat)  Half step- smallest difference of pitch on a keyboard (example: B to C)  Whole step- two half steps (example: B to C ♯)  Sharp sign - raises the pitch by a half step  Flat sign - lowersthe pitch by a half step  Natural sign - used to cancel out sharp signs or flat signs  Enharmonic equivalent - same pitch but a different note name (example: A ♭ and G ♯) Page 1 of 3 Lydia Patchett  Accidental – sharps (raiseshalf a step), flats (lowershalf a step), or natural signs (cancels out a sharp or flat)  Key signature - tells you which notes are sharp or flat  Scale - collection of pitches arranged in order from lowestto highest (or from highest to lowest) pitch  Major scale - the most common scale in Western music; follows the WWHWWWH pattern  Tonic/keynote - the beginning and ending point of a scale  Diatonic scale - contains only one of eachnote (example: GABCDEF#G)  Key signature - used to avoid writingthe sharps or flats everytime they occur inthe music; identifies the key of the music  Circle of fifths - device used to memorize the key signature of the scales CONCEPTS:  MeterClassification Chart - willbe asked to complete the chart that is posted on Pilot  Simple Meter- willbe asked to add bar lines, identify time signatures, identify the missing notes, and subdivide given rhythms  Compound Meter- willbe asked to add bar lines, identify the missing notes, and identify time signatures o Duple-compound meter - dividedinto two larger parts; meters with6 as the upper number o Triple-compound meter - dividedinto three larger parts; meters with9 as the upper number o Quadruple compound meter - dividedinto four larger parts; meters with12 as the upper number o Will be asked to write a half or whole step above or belowa given note o Will be asked to write enharmonic equivalents o Will need to write out the correctorder of sharps and flats o Will be given a key signature and asked to write the scale o Will be given tonic (starting note of the scale) and be asked to write the scale and key signature EXTRA CREDIT: Fill in the Circle of Fifths Page 2 of 3 Lydia Patchett Order of Sharps: FCGDAEB (refers to major scales) Scale: G D A E B F♯ C ♯ Sharps: F FC FCG FCGD FCGDA FCGDAE FCGDEAB Order of Flats: BEADGCF (refersto major scales) Scale: F B♭ E ♭ A ♭ D♭ G♭ N/A Flats: B BE BEA BEAD BEADG BEADGC BEADGCF METER CLASSIFICATION Meter Classification Beat Division 6/8 Compound Dotted Quarter Note Three Eighth Notes 6/4 Compound Dotted Half Note Three Quarter Notes 6/2 Compound Dotted Half Note Three Quarter Notes 9/8 Compound Dotted Quarter Note Three Eighth Notes 9/4 Compound Dotted Half Note Three Quarter Notes 12/8 Compound Dotted Quarter Note Three Eighth Notes 2/8 Simple Eighth Note Two Sixteenth Notes 3/8 Simple Eighth Note Two Sixteenth Notes 3/2 Simple Half Note Two Quarter Notes 4/2 Simple Half Note Two Quarter Notes CHROMATIC SCALE: C C♯ / D♭ D D♯/ E♭ E F F♯/ G♭ G G♯/ A♭ A A♯/ B♭ B Page 3 of 3


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