Unit 2 Study Guide
Unit 2 Study Guide BIOL 1124
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by madelineemyers032 Notetaker on Sunday October 9, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 1124 at University of Oklahoma taught by Broughton in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro Biol: Molecule/Cell/Phys in Biology at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 10/09/16
biology study guide: Chapter 5: Define: gene: nucleic acid: pyrimidine: purine: double helix: antiparallel: tRNA: rRNA: mRNA: complement base pairing: What are the 5 names of nitrogenous bases: What is the monomer and polymer of nucleic acids: List the differences between DNA and RNA: Draw the structure (3 parts) of a nucleic acid: What is the function of DNA: What is the function of RNA: Which nucleotides are pyrimidines and which are purines: Chapter 6: Define: plasma membrane: prokaryotic cell: eukaryotic cells: organelles: surface area to volume ration: cytoskeleton: microtubules: cilia: flagella: microfilaments: intermediate filaments: cytoplasmic streaming: cell wall: extracellular matrix: plasmodesmata: tight junctions: desmosomes: gap junctions: glycoproteins: transport vesicles: phagocytosis: tight junctions: desmosomes: gap junctions: cis/trans faces: describe the primary function of the nucleus and how the structure helps preform these functions: describe the relationship between the nucleus and ribosomes: what importance do ribosomes: describe protein synthesis: what is the endomembrane system and what makes up it: describe the key role played by transport vesicles in the endomembrane system: what is the structure and function of the nucleus: what is the structure and function of ribosomes what is the structure and function of the endoplasmic reticulum: name some differences between smooth and rough er: what is the structure and function of the golgi apparatus: what is the structure and function of the lysosomes: what is the structure and function of the vacuole: what is the structure and function of the mitochondria: what is the structure and function of the chloroplast: what is the structure and function of the peroxisome: what is the structure and function of the cytoskeleton: name organelles present in animal cells that are not found in plant cells: name organelles present in plant cells that are not found in animal cells: explain the concept endosymbiont theory: name a way mitochondria used to be an independent cell: what is the nuclear lamina: how do cisternae help with the function of the golgi apparatus versus the endoplasmic reticulum: name the differences between food vacuoles and contractile vacuoles: how does having a central vacuole benefit plants: draw and label a chloroplast using the following terms: thylakoids granum stroma what are some similarities between the chloroplast and the mitochondria: amyplast versus chromoplast: 3 parts of cytoskeleton: purpose of motor proteins: describe chromosomal change in nucleus as the chromatin becomes mrore condensed when cell division occurs: do plant cells have a mitochondria: chapter 7: Define: amphipathic: fluid mosaic model: integral protein: peripheral protein: glycolipids: glycoproteins: transport proteins: aquaporins: diffusion: concentration gradient: passive transport: osmosis: tonicity: isotonic: hypertonic: hypotonic: osmoregulation: turgid: flaccid: plasmolysis: facilitated diffusion: ion channels: gated channels: active transport: sodium potassium pump: membrane potential: electrochemical gradient: electrogenic pump: proton pump: cotransport: exocytosis: endocytosis: ligands: why is the cell membrane referred to as a fluid mosaic model: what is the difference between integral and peripheral proteins: what is a way you can remember the difference between hypotonic and hypertonic diffusion: explain the sodium potassium pump: what is the difference between exocytosis and endocytosis: what are ways that exocytosis and endocytosis benefit the cell: what are the three types of endocytosis: what factors contribute to an increase in membrane fluidity:
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