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Cheat Sheet Notes

by: meghan Hamilton

Cheat Sheet Notes HST 296

Marketplace > Miami University > History > HST 296 > Cheat Sheet Notes
meghan Hamilton
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

This will help on the midterm. Covers the OWD chapters and information from lectures
History after 1945
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by meghan Hamilton on Monday October 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HST 296 at Miami University taught by ErikJensen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 193 views. For similar materials see History after 1945 in History at Miami University.


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Date Created: 10/10/16
India: didn’t have a good education or healthcare system Postwar: Period in which societies focus almost exclusively on repairing or reckoning  with the devastation of the war itself ● Ww2 deaths: Soviets and Chinese suffered the most devastating losses ● Rapid colonization and decolonization in Africa Post­war: an ideal state of human existence sought by individuals and organizations  hoping to avoid such devastating conflict in the future Chap 1: U.S. wants to spread democracy in Europe. France sides with U.S. to receive  aid and an allie. Truman doctrine: U.S. would help fight communism anywhere in the  world. UN founded in 1945, 2 different ideas for it; National self determination and  imperial internationalism Chap 2(Communist revolutions, asian style): Japan under U.S. occupation( U.S.  oversaw different reforms in Japan and installed a puppet government) U.S. feared Jap  would fall to communism. In China, Mao and STalin made a friendship treaty, basically  to protect one another. Korean War: north Korea invades south Korea. Truman sends  aid. Mao and Stalin wouldn’t intervene. Mao changed a lot(women’s rights, capitalism,  land reform) Chap 3(legacies of an empire): partition of India.Britain uses India for their own  economic gain. Gandhi and his nonviolent protests Chap 4­6: Eastern Europe moved from capitalism to socialism. Stalinization.  Khrushchev came to power: destalinization. “Peaceful coexistence” treaty did not end  the cold war. Eastern Germany is targeted by the SOviet Union to pay reparations. U.S.  armies Western Germany in fear that they may be targeted next. 1952 Stalin’s gov. Call  for peace treaty. U.S. needed western Germany’s steel and other resources to help  them supply South Korea.1948: high rates on investment, growth in international trade,  little unemployment Chap 7: racial discrimination in the U.S. Tensions in African countries(places being  taken over by military rule) Latin America: Cuban Revolution.  Chap 8: China’s 100 Flowers Campaign. The Great Leap Forward: Mao made Chinese  farmers melt their steel equipment for steel industry. Led to decline in agriculture and a  shortage of food. Red Guard: Chinese students joined this group that was made up of  devout Mao followers. Vietnam war: U.S. defeated, looked weak. Americans didn’t want  to be in this war. Large anti­war movement among college students  Chap 9: rock music, student revolts and women’s movement. Consumerism spread in  western europe. TV. Europe’s high culture was going west. Picasso(used media to  promote himself). Government controlled record industry in eastern europe(weren’t  allowed to listen to rock n’ roll) Women’s movement: Roe v. Wade. feminine mystique.  Birth control. Lesbianism.  Chap 10: Apollo 18 and 11: moon landing and orbit 1967: USSR builds large military  presence in Mongolia. Paris peace talks. Nixon visits China   Chap 12:  ● Theme: industrialization in south and southeast asia and inflation ● United: all countries were trying to model themselves after China Chap 13: ● Theme:  political intervention through military action in South America ● Key players: U.S. and Russia ● Latin America was the next battleground after southeast Asia ○ Fight for capitalism vs. communism ○ U.S. didn’t was the public to know about this conflict due to  our heavy involvement in Vietnam ○ Latin America was unstable because it couldn’t repay its  debts to superpowers Reaganomics: don’t tax big corporations because then they will continue to pump  money into the economy(trickle down economics) Effects on Africa in the 80’s: Goods were being extracted from the African countries  by the imperial powers. Experienced post colonialism and a vacuum of power. This lead to war and turmoil How was life different in the Soviet Union and US?: Communism vs. capitalism,  consumerism How did a new sense of power affect U.S. foreign policy?: U.S. seen as the world's  police; U.S. wanted to stop communism around the world Why did Stalin want Germany week?: Didn’t want Germany to invade the Soviet  Union again (Buffer states to protect against invasion) How did WW2 affect Britain?: WW2 made Britain very weak, they had to pay to help  rebuild Germany, Britain had to get rid of their colonies How was the Marshall plan going to help Europe?: Help rebuild Germany, into a  stable nation How did Japan change after WW2?: U.S. installed a puppet government to prevent  communism in the country Why is it important that Korea didn’t turn communist?: The Domino Effect. Decline of Detente: Chile 1973: First Marxist government to come to power through  free election: Angola 1975: Agreement that the Angolan people would take power after  the Portuguese government left: Fighting broke out between factions, make peace  unrealistic: Horn of Africa: Soviets seized the chance to gain influence in this region:  Didn't happen because they underestimated the ethnic rivalries in the region


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