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Study Quide for Midterm

by: Sarah Notetaker

Study Quide for Midterm 105

Marketplace > Western Nevada College > History > 105 > Study Quide for Midterm
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This is a study guide that will be most useful in conjunction with your notes or the notes uploaded on my profile. It includes a very brief over view of the topics that will be on the midterm. It i...
European to 1648
Joseph Bell
Study Guide
Greece, Hellenistic, Egypt, Neolithic age, Paleolithic
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah Notetaker on Monday October 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 105 at Western Nevada College taught by Joseph Bell in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see European to 1648 in History at Western Nevada College.


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Date Created: 10/10/16
History 105 Midterm Study Guide Saturday, October 8, 2016 7:42 PM Included: 1-Brief Summary of : Events, Themes, Persons, Causal factors for change, Chronologies, Theories and Generalizations 2-Labeled Map 3-Printable map to practice filling out for exam :) **The Brief summary does not include Ancient Egypt or Ancient Israel The Paleolithic Era 2,500,000-10,000 BCE Events: Complex tool production (mostly stones) Themes: Hunting-gathering society Persons: N/A Causal factors for change: Not much changed or happened during this time, until the transition into the Neolithic age Chronologies: After "prehistory" before the Neolithic age Theories and Generalizations: Most of human society was hunter-gatherer style with 20-30 nomadic person bands The Neolithic Era 10,000-4,000 BCE Events: Agriculture revolution Themes: The Dawn of Civilization Persons: Natufians Jericho Catalhoyuk Causal factors for change: Ag Revolution Polished stones Metal working Complex societies Chronologies: 10,000-9,000 BCE Jericho permanent settlement by Natufians 6700-5700 BCE Catalhoyuk flourished Theories and Generalizations: By the end of the Neolithic age the ag revolution had changed society. This was the start of civilization with permanent settlements, specialization, sophisticated tools, armies and defensive structures. Ancient Mesopotamia Circa 3000- 1595 BCE Events: Dynasties, Empires, invention of the wheel and writing Themes: Civilization and innovation Persons: Sumerians Sargon Mesopotamians Lugalzegesi Akkadians Ur-Nammu Hammurabi Causal factors for change: Continuation of ag rev., writing and the rule of dynasties Chronologies: Circa 3000 B.C. Sumerian city states established Sargon and the Akkadian Empire (Circa 2340-2100 B.C.) Ur-Nammu and the Third Dynasty of Ur ( 2112-2000 B.C.) Hammurabi and the Old Babylonian Empire (1894-1595 B.C.) Theories and Generalizations: Mesopotamia was the start of human civilization, located in-between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The First civilization in Mesopotamia was Sumer, controlled by dynasties for a century and a half. Hammurabi's Law of Code isthe beginnings of social law put into place for civilization. The people believed in the gods, closely connected to the natural environment; Difficult environment= Divine intervention. Ancient Assyria Events: Vassals, Warring factions Themes: Invasion of new territory under new rulers Persons: Tiglath-Pileser I Pileser III Ashurbanipal Causal factors for change: Invaded places in which they had been attacked in the past- lead to vast empire -> the fall of the Assyrians Chronologies: Tiglath-Pileser I Pileser III Ashurbanipal (669-262 BCE) 612 BCE Neo-Babylonian Empire Theories and Generalizations: The Assyrians under Pileser gained huge specialized armies that were rather successful, however, under the rule of Ashurbanipal the Empire was over extended, the Egyptians freed themselves from Assyrian rule and give the way for the Persians. The Persian Empire Events: The Royal Road, Largest Empire the World had seen, Extremely wealthy, Zoroastrianism Themes: The construction and Fall of the Persian Empire, Conflict , Pastoralists Persons: Cyrus the Great Lydians Babylonians Causal factors for change: Extreme wealth turned into greed which caused the Empire to weaken, Zoroastrianism was a catalystfor religious change, Cyrus accepted as rightful ruler Chronologies: Neo-Babylonian Empire (605-539 BC) -Circa 750 BC tribal confederations(clans) -Circa 700 BC Monarchies -660 BC Zoroaster is born -612 BC Median Empire (Cyaxares) -550: defeats the Medes History 105 Page 1 -550: defeats the Medes -547 BC Croesus defeated by Cyrus -539: Babylon Captured Theories and Generalizations: The Persians grew a vast and wealthy empire with an excellent military. Under the rule of Cyrusthe Persians conquered the Lydians, and Babylonians. Ancient Greece Events: The Dark Ages, Homer, Polis Themes: Expansive culture, and cultivation of the human mind Persons: Arthur Evans Mycenaeans Minoans Homer Causal factors for change: Few records during the Dark Ages, The polis, Homer's literature Chronologies: -2800 BCE Minoans established -2000-1450 BCE Minoans flourished 1600- 1100 BCE Mycenaeans flourished -High point was 1400-1200 BCE (200 years) of Mycenae 1200 BCE Downfall of the Mycenaeans -1100-850 BCE The Dark Ages Theories and Generalizations: The Dark Ages are named thusly due to lack of information of that time period. Homer was massively influential to ancient Greece. The Polis is central to ancient Greek identity. The Hellenistic World Events: Conquest of Greece Themes: Reign of rulers over Greece Persons: Phillip II Alexander Darius III Antigonid Seleucid Pergamum Ptolemaic Causal factors for change: The changes in ruling from Phillip II to his son Alexander, then to his top four generals after Alexander's death. Chronologies: -Phillip II ( 359-336 BCE) -Battle of Chaeronea 338 BCE (victory) -337- Corinthian League --Alexander invades Asia Minor in 334 BCE -333 BCE Battle of Issus -331 BCE Gaugamel (also faced Darius) -Died in 323 BCE due to weakness -Antigonid Macedonia 276 BCE -Seleucid Empire -Pergamum 63 BCE Ptolemaic Egypt Theories and Generalizations: The Hellenistic Age spread culture throughout the East, had a flourishing culture and had significant achievements in literature art, science, mathematics, philosophy, medicine, drama, and engineering. The Generals that took command after Alexander's death was the Diadochi. History 105 Page 2 Know: Tigris Peloponnesus Euphrates Ionia History 105 Page 3 Know: Tigris Peloponnesus Euphrates Ionia Danube Rhine Mediterranean Atlas Pyrenees Taurus Mts Apennines Zagros Mts N European Plain History 105 Page 4


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