VIAR 120 Exam 2 Study Guide
VIAR 120 Exam 2 Study Guide VIAR 120
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by MeganLanglinais on Monday October 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to VIAR 120 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Rebecca Kreisler in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 10/10/16
VIAR Exam 2 Study Guide: Part l: Answer each of the sets of questions in regards to the picture(s) to the right of them. 1) - What style/period isthis 2) - What style/period is this work ofart from? work ofart from? - What isthe likely - What are some possible purpose/function ofthis reasonsthat paintings type ofobject? like thiswere created? - What isthe name ofthis work ofart? 3) - What style/period isthis work ofart from? - What various functions 4) - What style/period is might it have been used for thiswork ofart from? over its various phases? - What was the - What isthe name ofthis purpose ofit asan work ofart? architectural form? - What isthiswork of art called? 5) – what style/period isthis work ofart from? - Why are rich objects 6) -What elementsofthis like thisone often sculpture are naturalistic, and what found in tombs? elementsare stylized? - What might the imagery on thisinlay - what style/period is depict? thiswork ofart from? 7) - What style/period is this art from? - What isthe subject ofthe imagery on thisstele, and how doesit reinforce the content ofthe writing? - What isthe name ofthispiece? 8) – what style/period is 9) – what style/period isthisart from? - What was the function of Egyptian thisart from? pyramids? - What conventions ofEgyptianare - From what earlierarchitectural utilized in this formswere the pyramidsderived? - What isthe name ofthese painting? pyramids? 10)– what style/period isthisart from? 11) - What style/period is - Where isthismonumental thisart from? - How do the posesof statue located? - What isitslikely purpose? these figures reflect - Who isthisstatue supposed to Egyptian ideasabout represent? the kingand the - What isthisstatue called? queen? - What isa kastatue? 12)-what style/period isthis art work from? - What majorstylistic trendsare reflected in 13)– What style/period isthis thiswork? art work from? - From whose mummy - What style ofpottery or case did thismask paintingisthis? come from? 14)– what style/period isthis art work from? 15)– what style/period isthis - What othercultures work from? influenced early Greek - What iscontrapposto sculpture? and how isit being - What are the major used in thissculpture? stylistic qualitiesof - How doesthe work thiswork? reflect Classical Ideas? 16)– what style/period isthis 17)-what style/period isthiswork work from? ofart from? - Who isthiswoman? - What qualitiesofthis sculpture reflect the - What isthe “modes pose”? Hellenistic style of Greek art? 19)– what style/period isthis work ofart from? 18)-what style/period is - What qualities of the thisart work from? emperorare emphasized by this - To whom wasthis sculpture? building dedicated? - Who isthissculpture - What wasits function? of? 20)– what style/period isthis 21)– what style/period isthis art work from? art work form? - What wasthe function - What architectural ofthistype of elementsare utilized in building? thisbuilding? - What typesofevents - Where isit located? wasthe buildingused - What type ofbuilding isthis? for? - What isthisbuilding called? 22)– what style/period isthisart work form? 23)-what style/period isthis art work from? - How doesthe shape and - What isan oculus? proportion ofthisbuilding - What isthe function of reflect roman ideas? - What isthisbuilding thisbuilding? - What buildingisthis? called? 25)-what style/period is 24) -what style/period is thisart work from? thisart work from? - What isthe subject - How doesthisplan ofthisimage? differfrom earlier - What symbolism is roman basilicas? Plan of Old Saint Peter’s basilica, Rome beingused? 26)-what style/period isthisart work from? 27)– what style/period is thisart work from? - Why isthe exteriorof this - Who isthe subject buildingso plain compared ofthismosaic? too earlierGreek and roman temples? - What isa mosaic? 28)– what style/period isthisart 29)– what style/period isthisart work from? work from? - What isthe religiousfunction - What are the conventional ofthisstructure? stylistic attributesofBuddha - What isthe name ofthis statuesduringthisperiod? structure? - What isthisstatue called? 30)– what style/period isthisart work from? - What religion isthe imagery associated with? - What isthe symbolic function oferotic imagery? 31) -what syle/period is 32)-what style/period isthis thisart work from? work ofart form? - Where were these - What isthe significance figuresfound? ofthe open space in - What purpose did thispainting? they serve? 34)– what style/period isthis 33)– what style/period isthis work ofart from? work ofart from? - What religion isthis - What religion isthis shrine associated with? architectural complex associated with? - How doesthe building relate to its - What are the two central surroundings? buildingscalled? Partll: fill in the blank 1) In ____ construction, vertical postsbearthe weight ofhorizontal beams/lintels, directingforce to the ground. 2) ____:cylindrical posts 3) ____:rows of columnsconnected by beams/lintels 4) The ____ perfected by ancient Roman builders, revolutionizedarchitectural possibilities;used by the Romansformajorengineeringfeats. 5) A seriesof archessupported by columnsform an ____. 6) A round arch extended in depth createsa tunnel-like structure called a ____. 7) A ____ isformed by the intersection of2 barrel vaults. 8) An arch rotated 180 degreeson its vertical axiscreatesa ____. 9) A large flat stone laid on upright stonesiscalled a ____. 10) ____:a tall upright stone 11) ____ served as platforms for temples, where ruling priests and priestesses had sanctuaries. 12) ____:early-dynastic royal burial places 13) A ____ isa large, long, roofed building, usually at the end ofa forum;used asa municipal halland court oflaw. 14) The ____ isthe first majorBuddhist architectural form, evolved from simple earthen burial mounds. 15) ____:derived from the Indian Stupa (Japanese) 16) ____:meditation hall housingBuddha statues(Japanese) Answers: Part l 1) – Paleolithic - Lotsofattention and detail on the hips, breasts, stomach, and genitals. Thiscould be what they considered the “ideal” woman to look like and may have been used in some type ofritual orasa symbol ofa fertility god. - Woman ofWillendorf 2) - Paleolithic - Asprayerorpractice;believed the pictureswould help them be successful in future huntsorasa thanksto the godsand animalsforsuccessful hunts;they had such respect foranimalsbecause they were so important to them for survival, so they painted them to rememberand thank them; believed the imagesheld piecesofthe animal’sspirits 3) – Neolithic - Asa burial ground forimportant orwealthy families - Stonehenge 4) Mesopotamian - Served asplatformsfortemples, where ruling priestsand priestesseshad sanctuaries;temples were built high up on platformsto be closerto the gods/ifa god were to come down to earth they wouldland upon the highest point in the area 5) – Mesopotamian - The Egyptiansbelieved that anythingburied with you in yourtomb would go with you to the afterlife - The bull isrelated to the sun god whoisthe only beingthat can go to the underworld and return; the picturesshow figureshavinga party celebratingthe death ofsomeone (eitherbefore orafter they have died) 6) - Mesopotamian - Naturalistic the face looksvery realistic, like how a real face would look Stylistic the hair is made very square looking and firm when real hair would have some give too it 7) - Mesopotamian - ShowsHammurabi (left)and the sun god Shamash (right);Hammurabi had 250 statutescreated which were intended to “protect the weak;the way they are positioned showsthat they are meetingat eye level but ifthe god were to stand he would toweroverthe king, because ofthisthe kingisgranted a sort ofpowerby the god which reinforceshisintent to “protect the weak” - Stele inscribed with the law code ofHammurabi 8) – ancient Egypt - Synthesized/composite view ofhuman figure (legsfacingforward, chest facingthe viewer, arms straight out to the sides, head facingthe same way asthe legsand feet), highly stylized details, hierarchal scale (wife behind husband because she isless important, daughtereven smaller because she isa female child an iseven lessimportant) 9) -ancient Egypt - Tombs - Mastaba - pyramidsat Giza 10)– ancient Egypt - Giza - Temple orplace ofprayer - Khafre - The Great Sphinx 11)– ancient Egypt - The kingistall and stiffwith pronounced muscles, hishandsand clasped in fistsshowinghis strength and power. The queen ismade up ofmore rounded shapes, herarmsare on the kingasif holdinghim up which symbolizeshersupport forhim. - Placed in tombs as an alternate body for the soul for in case something were to happen to the original body 12)-ancient Egypt - The snake on the head piece, the headpiece itself(instead ofhair, kingsare given thisheadpiece), the fake beard (given to kingsin statues) - Tutankhamun 13)-ancient Greek - LaterArchaic/Early Classica pottery;“red figure” technique 14)-ancient Greek - Egypt and the neareast - Simplified shape and standardized patterns(muscular, handsin fists, one foot forward) 15)-ancient Greek - Contrapposto is when the weight ofthe statue issupported on one legwith the otherknee bent such asthe one shown in the picture - It is a very naturalistic sculpture (it looks like a real person would look), it focuses on anatomy and harmony between proportions 16)-ancient Greek - The most famous“modest” nude Aphrodite - Handscoveringbreastsand privatesimpliesmodesty while callingattention to hernudityand sexuality 17)-ancient Greek - The sculpture isvery dramatic, emotional, exaggerated, dynamic, and action-packed. 18)-ancient Greek - Athena - Templesto worship Athena 19)-ancient roman - Strong(sittingup tall and hasconfident body language), commanding (hashisare out stretched as ifspeakingto someone), strongmilitary leader(sittingatop a horse), commandsattention (large statue, towersovereveryone else) - Equestrian statue ofMarcusAurelius 20)-ancient roman - Used asa municipal hall and court oflaw - Rome - Basilica 21)-ancient roman - Exteriorarcadesofround archesbuttressed by columns;3 stories, bottom – Tuscan, middle – Ionic, top – Corinthian - Gladiatorfights - The colosseum 22)– ancient roman - The romanswere really into shapessuch assquaresand circles. Thisbuildingreflectsroman ideas by incorporatingthe shapesinto one buildingand havingsymmetry and proportion. - The pantheon 23)– ancient roman - A deliberate hole left in the ceilingwhich served asthe primary source oflight forthe building. - Ancient roman temple 24)-early Christian - Addition ofthe transept 25)– early Christian - JesusChrist - Purple and gold robe pointsto role askingofheaven, objectsgrouped in threesto represent the trinity, cross-shaped staffrelatesto crucifixion. 26) -byzantine -the exteriorofplain brickswasadopted from roman buildings. The inside wasmore important than the outside 27)-byzantine - Theodora, a queen who was originally a concubine - Art work created usingpiecesofdifferent colored stone, glass, ortile to create picturesorpatterns 28)-India - Temple;worshiped by circumambulating(walkingaround it) - Great Stupa ofSanchi 29)– India - Simplified figure with rounded forms, conventional monk’sgarment, longearlobesreferringto earlieraristocracy, topknot symbolizingenlightenment, pose ofmeditation, eyeslowered - Standing Buddha 30)– India - Hinduism - The joy ofa spiritual union with God isequated to the sensual pleasure ofsex 31)-China - In emperor’stombs - Serve asbodyguardsforthe emperorin the afterlife 32)-china - The open space wasintended to help the viewerappreciate the imagery that wasthere 33)-japan - Shinto - The shrine isrebuilt every twenty yearsto “die and be reborn” the same way thingsin nature die and are reborn; the building materials are taken from the surrounding forest 34)-japan - Buddhism - Pagoda and knondo Partll: 1) Post-and-lintel 2) Column 3) Colonnade 4) Roundarch 5) Arcade 6) Barrel vault 7) Groin vault 8) Dome 9) Dolmen 10)Menhir 11)Ziggurat 12)Mastaba 13)Basilica 14)Stupa 15)Pagoda 16)Kondo
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