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CSU / Animal Sciences / ANEQ 102 / What can be caused by too much grain?

What can be caused by too much grain?

What can be caused by too much grain?

Description

School: Colorado State University
Department: Animal Sciences
Course: Introduction to Equine Science
Professor: Ryan brooks
Term: Summer 2016
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: ANEQ102 Week 7 Notes- Equine Health
Description: This lecture was given by Dr. Hess on Equine Health and Disease.
Uploaded: 10/10/2016
12 Pages 263 Views 1 Unlocks
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Equine HealthDon't forget about the age old question of monocarbon dioxide

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We also discuss several other topics like critics of research surveys on the impact of daily hassles argue that some of the items listed as hassles are:

Clinical Exam / Physical Assessment

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Elevated Temperature

Mucous Membranes

Other assessments

General Manifestation

Feeding / Eating Habits

Dental Problems and Care

Colic

Laminitis

Equine Endoparasites

  • Live to be in herds
  • Very social
  • We place them in stalls (opposite of natural)
  • Vices often form

  • Can observe them in a herd to notice abnormalities
  • Body condition can be observed
  • Early signs of disease
  • Horse goes “off” its food
  • Elevated temperature
  • Slight changes in behavior / attitude
  • Normal values
  • 38土. 50C (98 -101.50F)
  • Pulse 30 - 40 bpm (use facial artery)
  • Respiration 6-16 bpm (use thorax)

  • Environmental conditions?
  • Exercise?
  • Infectious disease?
  • Increased metabolism?
  • Brain lesions?
  • Broken thermometer?
  • What to do?
  • Check daily for changes
  • Isolate them in shelter

  • Color
  • Pink is good
  • White is bad
  • Moistness

  • Capillary Refill time (CRT): tests hydration levels
  • < 2 seconds
  • Skin pinch time
  • Gastrointestinal sounds
  • Present or absent? (should be present)
  • Frequency? ( every 3 min)
  • Fluid or gas?

  • Lethargy / depression
  • Anorexia / impotence
  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • Poor hair coat
  • Failure to grow

  • Continuous grazing (11-1 hours / day)
  • Digestive system will be affect if you go many hours without food
  • Digestive system anatomy:
  • Small stomach = frequent meals
  • Large hindgut = dedicated to fiber digestion
  • Takes about 3 days to digest

  • Teeth continuously erupt (⅛ in a year)
  • Good teeth = good digestion
  • Tooth wear
  • Grind up food to help digestion
  • Signs of problems
  • Weight loss
  • Too much salvation
  • Quidding
  • Food particles in feces
  • Bad breath
  • Nostril secretion
  • Can be caused by too much grain
  • Rolling  
  • Sweating
  • Causing factors:
  • More than 5 lbs of grain / day
  • Sudden change in feed type
  • Inadequate fiber
  • Poor quality of food
  • Many signs can be identified
  • Call veterinarian
  • Remove feed
  • Supply water
  • Make it necessary
  • Allow horse to rest
  • Lights
  • Prevention
  • Daily routine; slow changes
  • Clean water; free choice
  • High quality diet
  • Limit grain (at least 60% of diet should be hay)
  • Free choice hay
  • Parasite control
  • Regular exercise / tumast

  • Laminitis: inflammation of lamina in hoof
  • Common in heavy horses
  • Decreases blood supply to hoof
  • Does not allow normal formation of hoof
  • Most caused by lush. Sugar rich pastore
  • 56% of cases have to do with things they eat
  • Avoidance
  • Dietary approach
  • Risks
  • Heavy breeds
  • Overweight, cresty necks
  • Ponies
  • Unrestricted grain
  • Insulin resistance
  • Cushings

  • Parasite Control
  • Reduce environmental contamination of parasites
  • Common form of control is deworming
  • How to control
  • Hygienic care of stables / stalls
  • Removal of feces
  • Protection of water
  • Spread of bedding on crop land
  • Avoid overstocking
  • Harrowing, clipping
  • Deworming x resistance
  • Heat only if needed
  • Appropriate dose
  • Check if treatment was effective
  • Strongly Tes: common and important parasites of equines
  • Large strongly tes - damage caused by immature stage migration
  • Small strongly tes: 36sps, migrates through intestinal lining
  • These are good in small doses and when they do not erupt at the same time
  • Clinical aspects
  • Colic caused by large strongly tes migration
  • Block blood to parts of intestine
  • Diagnosis
  • Microscopic examination of feces
  • Treatment must attack migration and parasite
  • Small strongly tes
  • Non migratory, important in adult horses
  • If large numbers of larvae emerge from walls, diarrhea occurs

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