MUS 121 Exam 2 Study Guide/ Note Set
MUS 121 Exam 2 Study Guide/ Note Set MUS 121
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Carter Cox on Monday October 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MUS 121 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Joshua Williams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.
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Date Created: 10/10/16
MUS 121 Exam 2 Note Set/ Guide Medieval Music Medieval Sacred - began to play a major role as the early Christians Church grew - Sacred music was not notated - Musical notation began to appear in the 10 century o Nuemes were the marking used to represent early sacred music - Pope Gregory 1 is fasely credited for having music assigned to specific celebrations in the church calendar o This music is called Liturgy - The decree of the Pope led to the development of a standardized system of music notation known as Gregorian Chant Gregorian Chant - Chants are also known as plainsong or plainchant o Monophonic in texture (single line melodies) o Texts are in Latin and are derived from the bible (book of Psalms) - Rhythm in chants are unmeasured and tempos are flexible - Melodic material based on system of scale called Church Modes o Similar to major and minor scales but interval between pitches are different - Medieval Church followed biblical instructions which required women to be silent in Cathedrals - Hildegard of Bingen is one of the best female composers of the medieval period Mass - Most solemn service of the medieval Christian church - Liturgy is divided into two parts o Ordinary Parts of the mass where the text does not change Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Angus Dei o Proper Parts of the mass where text changes depending on the day in the church calendar Polyphony and Measured Rhythm - Two or more voice parts is known as polyphonic music - Development took place in northern France and was dominated by the Notre Dame School - Earliest polyphonic were called organa (singular/ organum) - Period of style is called ars nova (old music) - Rhythm was unmeasured o Two melodies moving at the same time - Troping o Faster moving melody move/ plays above the slower chant - Mensural Notation o Relative time values were indicated with precision Secular Music - In medieval times typically written in the vernacular - Subject matter varies (love, humor, politics, NSFW) - Most important secular vocal music was created and performed by poet musicians called troubadors o Generally members of nobility - Melodies were monophonic and songs typically paired one note with one syllable - Melisma o An ornamental technique where multiple notes are sung to one syllable text - Form of secular music is strophic o Each verse of the text is sung to the same melody Same notes different words - Instruments were not used in the church Motet - Added a second set of words - Was originally a sacred genre that grew out of the two part organa Renaissance Music Sacred Music - Renaissance began around 1450 in what today is northern France, Holland, and Belgium - Composers of this style were sometimes referred to as Franco- Flemish o Most often composed music of four voices - Chant melodies still used as vocal parts - Franco Flemish composers emphasized the idea of independent vocal lines o Imitation were also common Josquin Des Prez 1450- 1521 - Homophonic texture were most likely used when the text needed to be emphasized Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina - 1525 to 1594 - One of Josquin’s successors - Spent most of his life as a choirmaster in Rome - Greatest contribution was to return church music to the simplicity and purity of earlier times - Use of instruments, secular melodies and use of vernacular were banned in church services - Legend has it that he prevented the council from abolishing polyphonic style completely because he composed a mass of unique beauty and purity Secular Music - 16 century was also a period of bawdy earthiness, irreverent humor, and celebration of sensual love - Madrigal is most important secular genre Madrigal - Poem set to music - Texts were 12 line poems or 14 line sonnet’s o Sentimental or erotic - Early o Homophonic (3-4 voices) restrained and subdued - Mid o Polyphonic (5-6) o Push to greater emphasize the expressive qualities - Late o Elaborate compositions o Contained mixtures of monophonic and polyphonic - Chromatics o Used to create dramatic effects Claudio Monteverdi - 1567 to 1643 - Most important composer of the Madrigal - Composed 8 books of the Madrigal Lute Songs - Also called Ayres were composed for a lute accompanying a solo voice
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