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History 330- midterm

by: Hewan Ft

History 330- midterm Hist 330

Hewan Ft

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Definition of the key terms given in class
Diplomatic History
M. Mooney
Study Guide
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Hewan Ft on Monday October 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hist 330 at James Madison University taught by M. Mooney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Diplomatic History in History at James Madison University.


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Date Created: 10/10/16
Study Guide:­ Week 1: US INDEPENDENCE Key terms a­  American Multiplication table­ by doubling the American population, the US started to  increase in power to start acquiring more land. Demographically important. Had population  surge because of good diet, immigration, and better educated on how to farm which leads to  higher birth rate. b­  Benjamin franklin­ pg 5­ proposed Albany plan, one big diploment and worked well with the french. c­  Albany plan of 1754­  The Albany Plan of Union was a plan to create a unified  government for the Thirteen Colonies, suggested by Benjamin Franklin, then a senior  leader (age 45) and a delegate from Pennsylvania, at the Albany Congress on July 10,  1754. One of the first steps to unification d­  Thomas Paine: (pg 1 of chapt 1) “common sense” pamphlet that encouraged the fight for  independence e­  Isolationism: (pg 6) often mistaken by unilateralism, america wanted to reap benefits from  trade  f­  Thomas Jefferson: (17/18) served as the first secretary of state and had good relations with france. Strong constitutionalist, and represented south and west to move westward like the  agrarians. He was an idealist and hated the brits, liked the french. g­  Model Treaty for alliance (17): Was written largely by john adams, was america's first  foreign policy draft, it also guided treaty making for peace and trade for years to come. But  didn’t make any official ties, can trade with nations at war. h­  Anti­colonial Vs Revolution: wanted be a self governing colony Vs wanting to leave  and be completely independent. i­  Unilateralism­ Don’t want to be entangled with other nations but make a decision that is  more self centered. Most foreign policy is unilateral not isolationist. J­  Alexander Hamilton­  a nation built of trade, merchants and good trading relations with England (pragmatic approach). ; Hamilton’s arguments in favor of British trade win the day, wanted a strong gov, wanted to have tariffs to protect industries. He was a realist k­   Articles of Confederation:  first original constitution in written in 1781 was a terrible piece of work that:- -   This negotiation lead to the articles of confederation This made foreign policy impossible to conduct. -   European nations ignored congress and dealt with the states directly -   No national policy - weak because states had a lot of power - Basically to show french that we can have a gov. After freedom what were:­ US Goals: British Goals: French Goals: The unique American prism bradford perkins ­Describe the “prism” Americans viewed the world through the late 18  century?h Week 2 John Q. Adams­ best foreign diplomat, spent a lot of time abroad and believed in manifest  destiny  Northwest territory­ argues with the brits about the territory (oregon) set up boundary between  canada and US in the north west. Treaty of paris in 1782­ The treaty that ended the conflict between america and britain. The  end of the revolutionary war. Louisiana purchase (pg 70)­  bought it from napoleon, doubled the size of country and french  left the continent Secretary of state­ French Revolution (pg 62,)­ 1789, heightened american insecurity at home because of the  slave revolutions and pushed hamilton to strengthen relations with britain Impressment(pg 125)­ when birts took our soldiers Jay’s treaty Pinckney treaty XYZ­ John Adam sent diplomats to france, the diplomats met with french foreign minister but  were met with hostility and asked for a bribe , americans not happy and started not good  feelings with france. Washington’s farewell address­ said not to get involved in foreign conflicts and european  issues Undeclared war with France­ they kept imprisoning american soldiers to fight the british Alien and sedition acts­ Adams because of ^ made it harder to become a citizen in US and  also made it illegal to criticize federal gov. Logan act­ Prohibited citizens from making deals with foreign nations. Second war for independence­ war of 1812 fought british again over impressment of soldiers,  happened because US wanted canada. Non­importation acts­ jefferson was president­ because of impressment Monroe doctrine­ dont mess with the whole west coast. Rush­bagot pact of 1817­ a treaty with canada to deesculate what happened in 1812 and  dearm great lakes Transcontinental treaty­ acquired florida and renounced spanish claim to pacific north west “Era of good feelings”­ the presidency of james monroe with 1 political party, a time after war  of 1812 till almost andrew jackson Monroe doctrine(1823) : warns European nations away from north and south America. Largely driven by economic interests as trade expansion. Initially the US does not have the capability to  back up the statements  American exceptionalism:  The idea that someone based on a combination of political regions geographical and other factor the  USA experience is unique  and superior to that of other  developed nations. The USA holds a special place in the world. hope , opportunity, etc Manifest destiny: The belief that the US is destined to expand to the pacific. Used to support  the annexation to Texas, Oregon and war with the Mexico. Also applied to later expansion into  the pacific rim and Asia Trail of tears: cherokees moved to oklahoma Week 4 1­ Treaty of guadalupe hidalgo­ treaty with mexico to end the american­mexican war, could  have had gotten all of mexico but too racist to claim it 2­ the wilmot proviso: to make slavery impossible for the new territory that was bought from  mexico 3­Tyler Doctrine 1842 : president tyler also adds hawaii as a sphere of influence to the monroe doctrine. 4­ hitch hiking imperialism: what they did in china 5­ Treaty of kanagawa­ treaty with Matthew Perry with Japanese to set up open door  policy and they had to trade with americans. 6­ King Cotton­ what the south had 7­ King wheat­ what the north had­ mattered more because it was food and british  wanted food 8­ Young america­ Movement that wanted to end slavery, expand south and rebirth  republican ideas (old northwest ish) 9­ Stephen Douglas­ ^ that was his movement 10­ “Ostend manifesto”­ america wanted to buy cuba secretly, and southers wanted to buy it from spain and northerns were not happy 11­ Marcy­elgin treaty­ trade treaty between UK (canada) and US for more free trade 12­ Kansas­nebraska­ one of the biggest fights for slavery and was large  precursor for civil war. 13­ Matthew C. Perry­ setup treaty with japan, tried to impress japanese 14­ William Seward­ secretary of state during civil war and acted insane on purpose  16­ Gadsden purchase­ purchase of part of new mexico to build a railroad 17­ Trent affair­  18­ Crittenden Compromise­ 1860 proposed to extend the missouri compromise to the pasific ocean but left unhappy . 19­ Abraham lincoln­ during the civil war, emancipation proclamation and also kept  british out because it was not a war about slavery. 20­ Alabama and florida­ name of ships that were attacked but were not armed. 21­ National liberalism­ whole thing about slavery that the world 22­ Cassius clay­ another good diplomat and russians loved him Week 5 Industrials­ reason why we looked for foreign markets, because their was a product surplus Standard Oil­ was owned by Rockefeller, Europeans depended on his kerosene Carnegie Steel­ steel company that monopolized the industry and created vertical integration  Exports vs Imports­ had a lot of tariff and other nations put on high tariffs Financial panic­ 2 big ones, 73 and 93 caused by surpluses and effected the 2 big world  depressions Overproduction­ the reason why we looked for foreign markets Seward Folly­ person who bought Alaska from Russia “Indian resettlement”­ when they pushed Indians more and more west and into bad places. Berlin Conference (1884)­  Panama Canal (The French Attempt­ tried to build in Nicaragua and failed and showed that  foreign nations were interested in getting to the pacific )­ built in panama, funded a revolution in  Colombia panama free to build canal.  James G. Blaine­ important sec. Of state because he oversaw the US become a more global  power. Reciprocity Treaties­ with hawaii to trade sugar because we needed it Latin American Interventions­ based on Monroe doctrine, basically thought that we can  impose American will but the countries didn't like it that much. Hawaii­  Midway, Samoa, Pago Pago­  Americans got it at end of Spanish American  1872 Washington Treaty­ treaty between US and UK that aligns their interests, ended some  left over stuff from civil war. Alfred Mahan (Mahanism) ­ big navies make great nations, foreign policy that took over the EU Doctrine of discovery: A nation can purchase territory, but does not own it until it is explored and  settled. Federalist:­ most significant move in foreign policy was that the senate would have to ratify  international agreements 


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