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Governement and Politics

by: toni jones

Governement and Politics 201

Marketplace > Rutgers University > Political Science > 201 > Governement and Politics
toni jones
GPA 3.0

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Notes for Midterm Exam
American National Government and Politics
Dr. Samuels
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by toni jones on Monday October 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 201 at Rutgers University taught by Dr. Samuels in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see American National Government and Politics in Political Science at Rutgers University.


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Date Created: 10/10/16
Midterm Review ­ 4 written Essay's each of equal value 1 hour and 15 to complete it  what is government and what is politics ­ people needed to find out ways to compromise, and  argue with each other and finding an agreement, this process is what politic is about, the politics process is to find out ways to meet society's need. Government is a set of institutions to find out  who is best to meet these needs, to make the decisions  and to provide rules and laws for these needs  what do we mean when we say we have a constitutional law­ we are a democracy and we base  everything off of the constitution what do we mean when we say we have a representative democracy­ we elect and choose  representatives who will represent us in government and what our needs are rule of law­ our basic law which is the constitution is our source of law, why certain people have  the power that they do­ people operating toward the rule of law ­ the protections and rules of  citizens and the authorities each citizen has  the Constitution ­ revolution against the british , the idea that the conlonies had already  established some kind of laws by themselves before the revloution, some form of self­rule. they  are were apart of some religious group that was not liked by the british, built was a tradition of  self reliance ­­­ after the revloution the first system of government was th articles of  confederation, which stated the states had an equal role and the system was too weak to  protect the country against internal and external danagers, i.e. Shay's Rebellion­ stated the  governemnt was not strong enough to protect against rebellions­ the AoC needed to changed  and the convention was called in Philly,  the people who gathered were there to ammend and  change the AoC ended up writing a whole new set of laws and those people became the  leaders of the country the struggle between small and large states being represented. this resoulted in the great  compromise.  slavery­ they allowed slavery and the transportation of slavery  to continue into the 1800's ­  slavery has never been resolved how to propose amendments and how to ratify amendments ­ formal amendments are not the  only way the constitution can be changed i.e. supreme court rulings is important in the  constitution changing , shifting and expanding.the constitution is also changed by acts of  congress, congress giving the power to the president and passing laws  one of the important concerns is that too much power is not in one place, the act of balancing  powers ­ two major ways of dealing out powers ­ the federal system the power of the U.S. i  divided in the national government and the state government ­the second way is within the  nation government itself, divided into three branches which has a system of checks and  balances  federalism­ we start with 13 states wanting to preserve elements of it's independence  foreign affairs and military affairs powers of the individual states housing laws and construction laws understand the shifting between state power and federal government ­ there has been periods  of time where the state government is weak and federal is strong and when the federal is weak  and the state government is strong ­ i.e. the great depression and to an extent WWII *the  economy was a war based economy and the national government took control*  "we the people" ­ if this is a government that is supposed to reflect the will of the people, how do the elected officials know what the people wants  we have to rely on very powerful structures to influence government and politics ­ i.e. the media  public opinion polls  PACS and Super PACS  the importance of political parties ­ the evolution of political parties and how they have shifted ­  we have a two party political system not by law but just the way it happened ­ third parties have  occurred and have had a tremendous impact on the elections and the polls but they never win ­  we have a winner take all system   


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