Test 2 Review
Chapter 4: The Executive department and the of the governor of Texas
a) Attorney General – (Ken Paxton) top attorney, advises governor and constitution b) Agriculture Commissioner – (Sid Miller) markets the agriculture industry, weights and measures – all scales have to be calibrated
c) Lieutenant governor – (Dan Patrick) head of senate, breaks ties, part of the budget board
d) General Land Office – (George P. Bush) responsible for managing lands and mineral rights properties owned by the state
e) Secretary of State – (Carlos Cascos) Appointed by the governor, manages elections
f) Railroad Commission – (Christi Craddick) Oil and Gas
g) Comptroller of Public Accounts – (Glenn Hegar) collects substantially all tax revenue owed to the State of Texas
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1. Formal qualifications of being a governor
∙ 30 years old
∙ U.S Citizen
∙ Resident of Texas for the prion 5 years
∙ Don’t have to be a registered voter
∙ Party v. Ideology, gender, race, religion, profession, income level, Incumbency, education
2. The 1972 amendment increased it the term limit to four years
3. Every four years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November and does not coincide with the presidential elections. Not to interfere with the presidential election
4. Most people who have served as governors have been white, wealthy, well-educated, Protestant males
5. 150,000 annual salary
∙ Governor’s mansion, state limousine We also discuss several other topics like biology 152
∙ Use state owned aircraft, personal staff
6. The ability of a governor to veto part of an appropriations bill without vetoing the whole bill.
7. They usually veto a bill at the end of each session and it not be overturne because the legislature has already dismissed
8. A governor can be removed from office by impeachment. Lt. Governor is next in the succession plan followed by the Senate Pro Tempore
10. Senatorial Courtesy – Senator from the appointee’s district must approve of the appointment
11. Rick Perry. Fletcher Stockdale
Chapter 5: The Court System on Texas/ Law and Due Process
1. Stare decisis
2. Supreme court justices are appointed by the governor, 1 chief justice and 8 justices
i. be a citizen of the United States; Don't forget about the age old question of What is the difference between functional and constructive play?
ii. hold state residency;
iii. be licensed to practice law in Texas;
iv. be older than 35 and younger than 74; and
v. have practiced law or been a judge for 10 years.
b. Court of Criminal Appeals – 1 presiding judge and 8 judges
i. A qualified candidate must be between 35 and 74 years of age, a United States citizen and a citizen of Texas. Judicial candidates
must also be licensed to practice law in the state and have
practiced law for at least ten year
c. Supreme Court – highest court for civil cases
d. Court of Criminal Appeals – highest court for criminal cases
3. Court of Criminal Appeals.
7. Perception of “Justice for Sale” We also discuss several other topics like ” [What is Douglass’ relationship to America?
8. Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.
11. Cases between Individuals go to the supreme court
Law at Due Process
1. Court of Criminal Appeals
2. Examples of misdemeanors may include: petty theft, prostitution, public intoxication, simple assault, disorderly conduct, trespass, vandalism, reckless driving, discharging a firearm within city limits, possession of cannabis.
a. Tort cases - In common law jurisdictions, where there is a civil wrong. Tort law deals with situations where a person's behavior has unfairly caused someone else to suffer loss or harm.
4. Civil law deals with who was responsible. Criminal law deals with who is guilty 5. In criminal cases, the burden of proving the defendant's guilt is on the prosecution, and they must establish that fact beyond a reasonable doubt. In civil If you want to learn more check out What are nucleosomes?
cases, the plaintiff has the burden of proving his case by a preponderance of the evidence.
7. The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time and appellate jurisdiction is when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision.
8. JPs and Municipal courts
Municipal Courts – violation of city ordinances, traffic violations Magistrate functions – Preliminary hearings for persons charged with a serious criminal offense
Jurisdiction is small claims limited to a maximum of $15,000
JPs can perform marriages but Municipal can’t
County courts – 2 types constitutional county courts and county courts-at-law District courts – Hear major criminal and civil cases, murder, armed robbery, and car theft
9. When an appeals court “affirms” a lower court's verdict, it is agreeing with the lower court.
10.Drugs, prostitution, gambling…
12. Tort reform - is the political term for the controversial issue of reducing tort litigation, awards, damages and/or compensation
13. Punitive damages - damages exceeding simple compensation and awarded to punish the defendant. The can be added up to 3 times the original
14. Ashley’s Law – Florida law – raise the punishment for sexual predators. For children 14 or below the added potential life in prison or life without parole, for children 5 or less it was the death penalty. The law never passed because they thought the punishment was too extreme.
15. Face of crime – More minorities in prisons. We also discuss several other topics like ksuvis
16. More people are getting educated
REMEMBER TO READ THE COURT TERMS. GOOD LUCK!!