New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

AMS 465

by: taflournoy

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Midterm Review
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in

Popular in American Studies

This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by taflournoy on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to AMS 465 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see in American Studies at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

Popular in American Studies


Reviews for AMS 465


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/11/16
AMS 465 MIDTERM EXAM REVIEW 07/10/2015 15:00:00 th  AMERICAN GOTHIC: 19 Century   Keyterms—  American Gothic- American Gothic literature began in the 19th century, with short stories by Nathaniel Hawthorne and Edgar Allan Poe. They include sense of mystery, with flawed characters. There are some supernatural elements and many questions about the society that they represent. They can focus on death, but are told with a dark humor and a desire to expose the complexity of society. o Common themes are: isolation, gender issues, science v. nature, body & spirit, barriers between life/death, and beauty v horror  Unreliable Narrator- a narrator that gives misleading and questionable information; usually in the presence of drugs; their credibility is seriously compromised  Hieroglyph- a symbol that demands yet denies decoding  Fetish- an object of irrational or obsessive devotion  Unity of Effect- “the theory that the emotional response the author creates should determine every element of the story including its tone, theme, conflict, characters, and setting” o From an essay written by POE in 1846   Berenice by Edgar A Poe—1835  American Gothic because:  Egaeus’s problems are rooted by gender issues  Egaeus and Berenice are both isolated  Egaeus is an “unreliable narrator”—because of his obsessive use of opium and monomania  “Misery is manifold.”—is an “unity of effect” bc it opens story with a dark emotional effect  Egaeus’s “monomania”—is a “fetish”; he can study one object/thing for days, becoming obsessed with it o Ex. watching the steady flame of a lamp, repeat monotonously a common word, smell the perfume of a flower o “Mortuus est Dei filius; credibile est quia ineptum est: et sepultus resurrexit; certum est quia impossibile est”—french meaning how Jesus rose from the dead—foreshadows Berenice rising from the dead o “que tous ses pas etoient des sentiments”—her every step was sentiment=all her teeth were ideas—analytical   The Birthmark by Nathaniel Hawthorne—1843  American Gothic because:  Deals with problems between life and death, science v. nature, beauty v. horror, and mortality imperfectability  “The Crimson Hand” / “The Bloody Hand”—is a “hieroglyph” bc it questions whether it is a beauty mark or a flaw on Georgiana’s Left Cheek  Alymer’s obsession with the mark—is a “fetish” bc he sees it as the only thing standing in the way from making her perfect; and while it is not an identifiable problem, he approaches it like it is  Unity of Effect—the story creates sympathy for Georgiana and resentment for Alymer o “His love for his young wife might prove the stronger of the two; but it could only be by intertwining itself with his love of science, and uniting the strength if the latter to its own.”—the only way he can love her is if his wife and science come together; his love of science will trump his love of his wife  “Intertextuality”—Eve of Powers which was a statue is compared to The Crimson Hand by saying it’s a flaw on Georgiana such as blue veins in marble are flaw—both make perfection less immortal —“mortality imperfectability”   AMERICAN INNOCENCE: HENRY JAMES   Keyterms—  Central Intelligence- another variation on the third person point of view, where narrative elements are limited to what a single character sees, thinks, and hears; what can make a narrator unreliable; a character in the story is the narrator instead of the author o Ex. Nick Carraway in The Great Gatsby  Intertextuality- a complex interrelationship between a text and other texts; used by fiction writers; how works gain meaning by referencing/evoking them by other works o Devices: allusion, parody, plagiarism, quotation  International theme- highlighting cultural differences; James explores characters by comparing old and new worlds (Europe/America) o New World/American—self reliant, innocent, lacking in culture, relatively simple, and energetic/curious o Old World/Europe—rich in culture, dense/complex, knowing, artificial, and potentially stodgy   Benito Cereno by Herman Melville—1850’s  Unity of Effect—the story starts off saying the “morning was peculiar”; puts reader on edge and creates the idea that this story is not going to be what one thinks; the over use of the word “gray”  Unreliable Narrator—Amasa Delano is an airhead, “person of a singularly undistrustful good nature”; reads people through a type of racial and ethnic background while using dehumanizing language  Hieroglyph—“Gordian knots”—an intricate knot that Amasa Delano did not know how to un-do; they were made by Egyptian priests for the Temple of Ammon o “the knot seemed a combination of double-bowline-knot, treble-crown-knot, jamming knot, etc…KNOT IN HAND, AND KNOT IN HEAD, CAPTAIN DELANO STOOD MUTE, WITHOUT FURTHER HEEDING HIM.”—in the end an old man threw it overboard  Central Intelligence—Amasa Delano, a Massachusetts captain; bc he is unreliable as well, it is very hard to predict how the story will unfold  Intertextuality—comparing the Spaniards to “Guy Fawkes”—in 1606, he was behind a gun powder plot to blow up the English King; claims the word Spaniard has a “guy-fawkish”, curious, conspirator, twang to it; says Spaniards are not as good as folks in Duxbury  International Theme— o SLAVERY  Globally accepted in 1790’s; bans then began into 1800’s  Story takes place in 1799, Haitian Revolution was in 1791  1850’s is haunted by 1790’s—what we had/had not done; 1790 represented by white’s anxieties of slave uprising  American Captain who associates with Mass., while in international waters o RACIAL IDEOLOGY  Actual differences among races, skeletal differences, Melville tries to trouble contemporary “neo-ists”  The image of Christopher Columbus and the discover of the New World was substituted by Babo for a skeleton as the ship’s proper figurehead—Babo uses this scene to show how everyone is equal; under the color of skin everyone has white bones   Daisy Miller by Henry James—1878  Unreliable narrator/central intelligence- Winterbourne; we only see daisy throught the eyes of Winterbourne, and what he thinks of her  Intertextuality- the story Mrs. Costello asks Winterbourne to bring her a copy of “Paule Mere”—which is about a girl just like Daisy; takes its title from a spirited, independent minded young women who takes unchaperoned excursions around Europe; both at Swiss Hotel and end in Italy—MRS COSTELLO ADMIRES LITERATURE, BUT DOES NOT UNDERSTAND IT. o Other Allusions: o Lord Byron, "The Prisoner of Chillon" (1.251) o Lord Byron, "Manfred" (2.237) o Victor Cherbuliez, Paule Mere (2.1) o Innocent X, Velasquez (2.197)  International theme-lots of French is used; shows characters are cultured when the speak French o Daisy is an example of the NEW WORLD o Mrs. Costello is an example of the OLD WORLD  Gender roles- Winterbourne and Daisy can do the same things, but Daisy dies from it   PASSING/RURAL MODERNISM—1900’s   Keyterms—  Bildungsroman- german meaning “novel of education”; it’s a coming of age novel that charts the social, moral, and psychological shaping of a character o 3 Defining Characteristics:  character progresses from childhood to adulthood  journey is brought on by a loss of a loved one/source of dissatisfaction  process is characterized by clashes between what the character wants to do and what social order dictates rd  Free Indirect Discourse-a 3 person narration; is a big clunky phrase that describes a special type of third-person narration that slips in and out of characters' consciousness. In other words, characters' thoughts, feelings, and words are filtered through the third-person narrator. 07/10/2015 15:00:00  07/10/2015 15:00:00 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.