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sociology of families

by: Shaila Notetaker

sociology of families Sociology

Marketplace > University of Delaware > Sociology > sociology of families
Shaila Notetaker

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Sociology: families
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sociology, Soc 1, Introduction to Sociology, Introd to Soc
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Shaila Notetaker on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Sociology at University of Delaware taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.

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Date Created: 10/11/16
Chapter 1- Sociology of the family- Sociological Basics: 1) Culture a) Like “apps” on smartphones b) Use to function in society and of useful things 2) Socialization a) Installation of cultural software 3) Most formative socialization agent a) Family Social Norms- The informal rules, based on values, that guide what people do and how they live. Social Structure- Agency: Enduring and regular social arrangements that guide or force human behavior. Social Status- Social positions you hold in your life- often positions within social institutions. Ascribed Social Status- Something you’re born with, given to you ● Gender, racial status, class, age Achieved Social Status ● What an individual worked for Causation- When one factor causes something Correlation- Two or more things having a relationship Social Role- How are you expected to behave given your social status FAMILIES ARE WHAT WE THINK THEY ARE! Defining Families- ● We are bound legally and emotionally. As we occupy status, we learn according to status what our role is. ● Groups of related people, bound by connections that are biological or legal. Family Authority- Informal: Older grandparents, parents, older siblings Formal: Divorced, underage, marriage, armed forces, emancipate, CPS Ways government control families: Marriage, Birth Certificates Families as an Institutional Arenas ● Institutional Arena- A social space which relations between people in common positions are governed by accepted rules of interactions. Theory- ● A way of looking at how society operates. ● Allows us to look at a single situation and take away multiple meanings. ● World view that researches put on like pair of glasses to see in new ways. Sociological Theorizing ● Systematic and build upon preceding sociological work --- why it’s different from day to day, casual theorizing Broad Perspective- ● Consentives ○ Consensus perspective: a perspective that projects an image of society as the collective expression of shared norms and values ○ Breadwinner-homemaker family: an employed father, unemployed mother and children ● Conflicts ○ Conflict perspective: the view that opposition and conflict define a given society Contemporary Theory ● Feminism ○ Feminist theory: a theory that seeks to understand and ultimately reduce inequality between men and women ○ Socialization: the process by which individuals internalize elements of the social structure in their own personalities ● Exchange ○ Exchange theory: the theory that individuals or groups with different resources, strengths, and weaknesses enter into mutual relationships to maximize their own gains. “Familia” ● Latin word in the Roman Empire ○ Men’s wives and children, slaves and servants bear his name after they were freed. Cohen: Four Historical Periods ● Colonial America (<1820) ○ Large Families fulfill responsibilities of survival ○ Indigenous model ■ Matrilineal ○ European Model (Land and Owning) ■ Christian Church ■ Patrilineal ■ Coverture ■ Enslaved Africans ● Emerging Modern Family (1820-1900) ○ Individuality, Independence, Democracy ■ “Traditional family” ■ Spheres ○ Industrial Capitalism ■ Wage labor ○ State Authority- “Monogamous Morality” ● Modern Family (1900-1960s) ○ Changing Notions of Marriage ■ Traditional ideology impossible ■ Moved from Institutional model to Companionship ■ Married younger and younger, declining birth rates (except baby boom, 1964-1964) ○ Market & State ■ 1920-19th amendment ■ 1934- Federal Housing Administration Loans ■ 1935- Social Security Administration ● Aid to Dependent Children ● New Family Diversity (1960s to Present) Race- A social construct used to divide human based on physical attributes; color. Race as a social construct ● Scientific argument about race collapsed ● But Social construction of race rather than natural differences must be seen as the source and continued basis of racial categorization ● Racial formation: race stands on its own as an amalgamation of competing social forces ○ Humans produce races ○ Races constitute an integral part of a social fabric that includes gender and class ○ Meanings around race change over time ○ Races are constructed relationally against one another and not in isolation Meanings Behind Race ● Ideologies, Meanings, and Expectations assigned to racial groups ● Racialization ○ Apply racial meaning to racially unclassified action, item or practice ● Race is not a function of skin color alone ● Intersections of Race and Gender ○ Racial Castration​ Intersection of race and gender fused together Eugenics and Motherhood ● Science as culture ● State sanctioned and coerced sterilization ○ People with or perceived to have disabilities, bad morals or those who were simply deemed until to reproduce. ● MOtherhood became essential to maintaining white supremacy, the economy, patriarchy, and privilege ○ Childrearing national duty and destiny to be mothers of the race which was to remain all white ○ More children=more workers ○ More soldiers to defend the nation ● North Carolina sterilized 7,600 people from 1929-1974 ● California prisons illegally performed forced sterilization on incarcerated women


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