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by: ayanhassan

Govt_2306_exam_guide.pdf 2306-42699 Texas Govrnment (TX Cons/Top)

Tarrant County College

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Covers materials from chapters 1-3.
2306 Texas Government
Angela Roberson
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by ayanhassan on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 2306-42699 Texas Govrnment (TX Cons/Top) at Tarrant County College taught by Angela Roberson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see 2306 Texas Government in GOVT Government at Tarrant County College.

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Date Created: 10/11/16
Chapter 1  Philosophy of Texas  Political climate and public policy beliefs of Texas  Texas conservatism  Percentage of Texans regarding various political viewpoints  Where Texas ranks nationwide regarding various issues (page 6)  Political subcultures and which do not exist in Texas according to Daniel Elazar (page 7) Individualistic- A political subculture that views government as a practical institution that should further private enterprise but intervene minimally in people’s lives. Traditionalistic- A political subculture that views government as an institution to maintain the dominant social and religious values. Moralistic- Views government as a positive force, one that values the individual but functions for the benefit of the general public. Modernistic- Did not exist in Texas according to Elazar  Various Texas regions; Spindletop and its impact on which Texas region  Name of the first Texas cowboys – Native Americans or Mestizos  What was Minnie Fisher Cunningham known for- Women’s Suffrage Movement  Marital Property Act  Smith v. Allwright - was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court with regard to voting rights and, by extension, racial desegregation. It overturned the Texas state law that authorized the Democratic Party to set its internal rules, including the use of white primaries.  Reconstruction and when African-Americans won elected offices in Texas legislature  Dr. Hector Garcia and his contributions  Hernandez v. State of Texas- The first and only Mexican-American civil-rights case heard and decided by the United States Supreme Court during the post- World War II period. In a unanimous ruling, the court held that Mexican Americans and all other racial or national groups in the United States had equal protection under the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution  Raymondville Peonage cases  Lawrence v. Texas- A landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court. The Court struck down the sodomy law in Texas and, by extension, invalidated sodomy laws in 13 other states, making same-sex sexual activity legal in every U.S. state and territory.  Defense of Marriage Act- (DOMA) defined marriage as a legal union between a man and a women and further stipulated that the federal government would not recognize same-sex marriage for the purposes of benefits such as social security, veterans’ benefits, and income tax filing.  Political influence of Latinos Chapter 2  Articles of Confederation in 1787  Delegated powers- Those powers that the constitution gives to the national government .  Concurrent powers- Those powers shared by the national government and the states.  Inherent powers- Those delegated powers that come with an office or position, generally the executive branch.  Fourteenth Amendment-  Article 1, Section 8  McCulloch v. Maryland- the Supreme Court ruled that Congress had implied powers under the Necessary and Proper Clause of Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution to create the Second Bank of the United States and that the state of Maryland lacked the power to tax the Bank.  Dual federalism- The understanding that the federal government and state government are both sovereign within their sphere of influence.  Categorical grant- Federal aid to state or local governments for specific purposes, granted under restrictive conditions and often requiring matching funds from the receiving government.  Plessy v. Ferguson and Jim Crow laws- It upheld state racial segregation laws for public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".  Brown v. Board of Education- was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which allowed state- sponsored segregation, insofar as it applied to public education.  Coercive federalism- A relationship between the national government and states in which the former directs the states on policies they must undertake.  Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995- Obligations the federal government imposes on state government while providing little to no funds to pay for the mandated activities.  Wendy Davis - issue she is known for_ Abortion  Tea Party  Amendments Levin blames for expanding federal power- 1) He claims the 16 th and 17 amendments unwisely increased the power of the federal government. Chapter 3  What is government  What does the constitution promote  Texas Republic and first state constitutions  From what country did Texas win independence- Mexico  What years Texas won independence and gained statement- 1836, 1845  Common law- The process under which law is developed based on judicial over time.  Texas Constitution of 1836  Texas Constitution of 1845  Long ballot  Reconstruction Act of 1867  Slogan of Texas Grange- “retrenchment and reform”  Constitution of 1875  Statutory law- Law passed by legislatures and written into books of code.  Bicameral legislature- Consisting of two houses or chambers; applied to a legislative body with two parts, such as a senate and a house of representatives (or assembly).  Things Texas voters may decide  Powers of Texas governors- The governor makes policy recommendations that lawmakers in both the state House and Senate chambers may sponsor and introduce as bills. The governor also appoints the Secretary of State, as well as members of boards and commissions who oversee the heads of state agencies and departments.  Referendum- An election that permits voters to determine if an ordinance or statute will go into effect (permitted in some Texas cities but not at the state level).  Initiative- An election method that empowers citizens to place a proposal on the ballot for voter approval. If the measure passes, it becomes law (permitted in some Texas cities but not at the state level).  Article 17 of the Texas Constitution


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