New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

BSC114 Chapter 9 Study Guide

by: Lauren Dutch

BSC114 Chapter 9 Study Guide Biology 114

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > Biology > Biology 114 > BSC114 Chapter 9 Study Guide
Lauren Dutch
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Chapter 9 study guide over cellular respiration for exam on 10/18/16
Principles of Biology
Dr. Stevan Marcus
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Principles of Biology

Popular in Biology

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lauren Dutch on Tuesday October 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Biology 114 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Stevan Marcus in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see Principles of Biology in Biology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

Similar to Biology 114 at UA


Reviews for BSC114 Chapter 9 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/11/16
Chapter 9 Study Guide: 1. A molecule becomes more oxidized when it loses and electron. 2. In the overall process of glycolysis and cellular respiration, glucose is oxidized and oxygen is reduced. 3. Most of the ATP produced in cellular respiration comes from oxidative phosphorylation. 4. The order of cellular respiration is oxidation of glucose to pyruvate, oxidation of pyruvate, citric acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation. 5. Oxygen gas is one of the strongest oxidizing agents known because it is very electronegative. 6. The function of cellular respiration is to extract usable energy from glucose. 7. During the reaction of glucose and oxygen to carbon dioxide and water, oxygen is reduced. 8. In a classroom of 300 students, if the air conditioner is shut off and all the doors are kept closed for one hour, temperature and level of carbon dioxide will rise as heat and carbon dioxide are by products of cellular respiration. 9. A small amount of ATP is made in glycolysis when a phosphate group is transferred from a fragment of glucose to ADP by substrate level phosphorylation. 10.Glycolysis occurs in the cytosol of eukaryotic cells. 11.The process by which glucose is oxidized to generate two molecules of pyruvate, ATP and NADH is called glycolysis. 12.A chemist has discovered a drug that blocks phophoglucoisomerase, an enzyme that catalyzes the second reaction in glycolysis. He wants to use the drug to kill bacteria in people with infections. However, he cannot do this because human cells must also perform glycolysis; the drug might also poison them. 13.No carbon dioxide is produced in glycolysis. This is because the products of glycolysis contain the same total number of carbon atoms as in the starting material. 14.Fructose-1, 6-biphosphate contains the most chemical energy in the process of glycolysis. 15.The citric acid cycle generates most of the NADH that delivers electrons to the electron transport chain. 16.In an experiment, mice were fed glucose containing a small amount of radioactive oxygen. The mice were closely monitored, and after a few minutes radioactive oxygen atoms showed up in carbon dioxide. 17.In preparing pyruvate to enter the citric acid cycle, pyruvate is oxidized and a molecule of carbon dioxide is removed. The electrons removed in this process are used to reduce NAD+ to NADH. 18.The citric acid cycle is called a cycle because the four carbon acid that accepts the acetyl CoA in the first step of the cycle is regenerated by the last step of the cycle. 19.In the citric acid cycle, for each pyruvate that enters the cycle, one ATP, three NADH and one FADH2 are produced. For each glucose molecule that enters glycolysis, two ATP, 6 NADH, and 2 FADH2 are produced in the citric acid cycle. 20.The reactions of the citric acid cycle occur in the matrix of the mitochondrion in eukaryotic cells. 21.Four ATP molecules are gained by substrate level phosphorylation from the complete breakdown of a single molecule of glucose in the presence of oxygen. 22.Formation of NADH and FADH2 is a major energy accomplishment of the citric acid cycle. 23.After completion of the citric acid cycle, most of the usable energy from the original glucose molecule is in the form of NADH. 24.The release of carbon dioxide and NADH accompanies the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA before the citric acid cycle. 25.The energy given up by electrons as they move through the electron transport chain is used to pump H+ across a membrane. 26.Energy for synthesizing ATP is obtained by the flow of H+ across the inner mitochondrial membrane through the ATP synthase enzyme. 27.When a poison such as cyanide blocks the electron transport chain, glycolysis and the citric acid cycle also eventually stop working because NAD+ and FAD are no longer available from the electron transport chain to power glycolysis and the citric acid cycle. 28.Most of the electrons removed from glucose by cellular respiration are used to reduce NAD+ to NADH in glycolysis and the citric acid cycle and to produce the proton gradient for ATP synthesis in the mitochondria. 29.Each ATP molecule contains about 1% of the amount of chemical energy available from the complete oxidation of a single glucose molecule. Cellular respiration produces about 32 ATP from one glucose molecule. The rest of the energy is converted to heat. 30.During aerobic respiration, molecular oxygen is used at the end of the electron transport chain to accept electrons and form water. 31.ADP, oxygen, and ATP are all involved in oxidative phosphorylation. 32.In the electron transport chain, electrons are passed from one carrier to another, releasing a little energy at each step. 33.If a compound that allows protons to freely diffuse across membranes is added to cells that are actively metabolizing via cellular respiration, ATP synthesis, glycolysis, and electron transport would continue. 34.The movement of electrons down the electron transport chain is the source of energy that produces the chemiosmotic gradient in mitochondria. 35.In eukaryotic cells, the components of the electron transport chain are located in or on the innermembrane of the mitochondrion. 36.The overall efficiency of respiration (the percentage of energy released that is saved in ATP) is approximately 35%. 37.When solid tumors of animals reach a certain size, the center of the tumor begins to die. To prevent this, the tumor can recruit new blood vessels to supply oxygen so that aerobic cellular respiration can occur instead of fermentation and it supplies glucose to the rapidly dividing cells of the tumor. 38.Fermentation is essentially glycolysis plus an extra step in which pyruvate is reduced to form lactate or alcohol or carbon dioxide. This last step enables the cell to recycle the reduced NADH to oxidized NAD+. 39.Sports physiologists at an Olympic training center wanted to monitor athletes to determine at what point their muscles were functioning anaerobically. They could do this by checking for a buildup of lactate. 40.In glycolysis in the absence of oxygen, cells need a way to regenerate NAD+. 41.Muscle tissues make lactate from pyruvate to regenerate NAD+. 42.In brewing beer, maltose is the substrate for alcoholic fermentation. 43.If muscle cells in the human body consume oxygen faster than it can be supplied, the muscle cells will have more trouble making enough ATP to meet their energy requirements, the cells will not be able to carry out oxidative phosphorylation, and the cells will consume glucose at an increased rate. 44.Glycolysis is the only pathway found in all organisms. 45.When protein molecules are used as fuel for cellular respiration, amino groups are produced as waste. 46.A gram of fat oxidized by respiration produces approximately twice as much ATP as a gram of carbohydrate. This is because fats are better electron donors to oxygen than sugars. 47.If significant amounts of materials are removed from the citric acid cycle to produce amino acids for protein synthesis, less ATP will be produced, less carbon dioxide will be produced, and the four carbon compound that combines with acetyl CoA will have to be made by some other process.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.